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Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 28 May 1999)

Chapter 1 - General Provisions

Article 1 - Scope of application

Article 2 - Carriage performed by State and carriage of postal items

Chapter II - Documentation and Duties of the Parties Relating to the Carriage of Passengers, Baggage and Cargo

Article 3 - Passengers and baggage

Article 4 - Cargo

Article 5 - Contents of air waybill or cargo receipt

Article 6 - Document relating to the nature of the cargo

Article 7 - Description of air waybill

Article 8 - Documentation for multiple packages

Article 9 - Non-compliance with documentary requirements

Article 10 - Responsibility for particulars of documentation

Article 11 - Evidentiary value of documentation

Article 12 - Right of disposition of cargo

Article 13 - Delivery of the cargo

Article 14 - Enforcement of the rights of consignor and consignee

Article 15 - Relations of consignor and consignee or mutual relations of third parties

Article 16 - Formalities of customs, police or other public authorities

Chapter III - Liability of the Carrier and Extent of Compensation for Damage

Article 17 - Death and injury of passengers - damage to baggage

Article 18 - Damage to cargo

Article 19 - Delay

Article 20 - Exoneration

Article 21 - Compensation in case of death or injury of passengers

Article 22 - Limits of liability in relation to delay, baggage and cargo

Article 23 - Conversion of monetary units

Article 24 - Review of limits

Article 25 - Stipulation on limits

Article 26 - Invalidity of contractual provisions

Article 27 - Freedom to contract

Article 28 - Advance payments

Article 29 - Basis of claims

Article 30 - Servants, agents - aggregation of claims

Article 31 - Timely notice of complaints

Article 32 - Death of person liable

Article 33 - Jurisdiction

Article 34 - Arbitration

Article 35 - Limitation of actions

Article 36 - Successive carriage

Article 37 - Right of recourse against third parties

Chapter IV - Combined Carriage

Article 38 - Combined carriage

Chapter V - Carriage by Air Performed by a Person other than the Contracting Carrier

Article 39 - Contracting carrier - actual carrier

Article 40 - Respective liability of contracting and actual carriers

Article 41 - Mutual liability

Article 42 - Addressee of complaints and instructions

Article 43 - Servants and agents

Article 44 - Aggregation of damages

Article 45 - Addressee of claims

Article 46 - Additional jurisdiction

Article 47 - Invalidity of contractual provisions

Article 48 - Mutual relations of contracting and actual carriers

Chapter VI - Other Provisions

Article 49 - Mandatory application

Article 50 - Insurance

Article 51 - Carriage performed in extraordinary circumstances

Article 52 - Definition of days

Chapter VII - Final Clauses

Article 53 - Signature, ratification and entry into force

Article 54 - Denunciation

Article 55 - Relationship with other Warsaw Convention instruments

Article 56 - States with more than one system of law

Article 57 - Reservations

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air

Montreal, 28 May 1999

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 28 May 1999)

Chapter VII - Final Clauses

Article 53 - Signature, ratification and entry into force

1. This Convention shall be open for signature in Montreal on 28 May 1999 by States participating in the International Conference on Air Law held at Montreal from 10 to 28 May 1999. After 28 May 1999, the Convention shall be open to all States for signature at the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal until it enters into force in accordance with paragraph 6 of this Article.

2. This Convention shall similarly be open for signature by Regional Economic Integration Organisations. For the purpose of this Convention, a "Regional Economic Integration Organisation" means any organisation which is constituted by sovereign States of a given region which has competence in respect of certain matters governed by this Convention and has been duly authorized to sign and to ratify, accept, approve or accede to this Convention. A reference to a "State Party" or "States Parties" in this Convention, otherwise than in paragraph 2 of Article 1, paragraph 1(b) of Article 3, paragraph (b) of Article 5, Articles 23, 33, 46 and paragraph (b) of Article 57, applies equally to a Regional Economic Integration Organisation. For the purpose of Article 24, the references to "a majority of the States Parties" and "one-third of the States Parties" shall not apply to a Regional Economic Integration Organisation.

3. This Convention shall be subject to ratification by States and by Regional Economic Integration Organisations which have signed it.

4. Any State or Regional Economic Integration Organisation which does not sign this Convention may accept, approve or accede to it at any time.

5. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the International Civil Aviation Organization, which is hereby designated the Depositary.

6. This Convention shall enter into force on the sixtieth day following the date of deposit of the thirtieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Depositary between the States which have deposited such instrument. An instrument deposited by a Regional Economic Integration Organisation shall not be counted for the purpose of this paragraph.

7. For other States and for other Regional Economic Integration Organisations, this Convention shall take effect sixty days following the date of deposit of the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

8. The Depositary shall promptly notify all signatories and States Parties of:

(a) each signature of this Convention and date thereof;

(b) each deposit of an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession and date thereof;

(c) the date of entry into force of this Convention;

(d) the date of the coming into force of any revision of the limits of liability established under this Convention;

(e) any denunciation under Article 54.


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