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Convention On Biological Diversity (1992)

[Preamble]

Article 1 - Objectives

Article 2 - Use of Terms

Article 3 - Principle

Article 4 - Jurisdictional Scope

Article 5 - Co-operation

Article 6 - General Measures for Conservation and Sustainable Use

Article 7 - Identification and Monitoring

Article 8 - In-situ Conservation

Article 9 - Ex-situ Conservation

Article 10 - Sustainable Use of Components of Biological Diversity

Article 11 - Incentive Measures

Article 12 - Research and Training

Article 13 - Public Education and Awareness

Article 14 - Impact Assessment and Minimizing Adverse Impact

Article 15 - Access to Genetic Resources

Article 16 - Access to and Transfer of Technology

Article 17 - Exchange of Information

Article 18 - Technical and Scientific Co-operation

Article 19 - Handling of Biotechnology and Distribution of Its Benefits

Article 20 - Financial Resources

Article 21 - Financial Mechanism

Article 22 - Relationship with Other International Conventions

Article 23 - Conference of the Parties

Article 24 - Secretariat

Article 25 - Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice

Article 26 - Reports

Article 27 - Settlement of Disputes

Article 28 - Adoption of Protocols

Article 29 - Amendment of the Convention or Protocols

Article 30 - Adoption and Amendment of Annexes

Article 31 - Right to Vote

Article 32 - Relationship between this Convention and Its Protocols

Article 33 - Signature

Article 34 - Ratification, Acceptance or Approval

Article 35 - Accession

Article 36 - Entry into Force

Article 37 - Reservations

Article 38 - Withdrawals

Article 39 - Financial Interim Arrangements

Article 40 - Secretariat Interim Arrangements

Article 41 - Depositary

Article 42 - Authentic Texts

Annex I - Identification And Monitoring

Annex II

Part 1 - Arbitration

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

Article 12

Article 13

Article 14

Article 15

Article 16

Article 17

Part 2 - Conciliation

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention On Biological Diversity (1992)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

Convention On Biological Diversity (1992)

Article 2 - Use of Terms

For the purposes of this Convention:

"Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

"Biological resources" includes genetic resources, organisms or parts thereof, populations, or any other biotic component of ecosystems with actual or potential use or value for humanity.

"Biotechnology" means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.

"Country of origin of genetic resources" means the country which possesses those genetic resources in in-situ conditions.

"Country providing genetic resources" means the country supplying genetic resources collected from in-situ sources, including populations of both wild and domesticated species, or taken from ex-situ sources, which may or may not have originated in that country.

"Domesticated or cultivated species" means species in which the evolutionary process has been influenced by humans to meet their needs.

"Ecosystem" means a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit.

"Ex-situ conservation" mean the conservation of components of biological diversity outside their natural habitats.

"Genetic material" means any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity.

"Genetic resources" means genetic material of actual or potential value.

"Habitat" means the place or type of site when an organism or population naturally occurs.

"In-situ conditions" means conditions where genetic resources exist within ecosystems and natural habitats, and, in the case of domesticated or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties.

"ln-situ conservation" means the conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable populations of species in their natural surroundings and, in the case of domesticated or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties.

"Protected area" means a geographically defined area which is designated or regulated and managed to achieve specific conservation objectives.

"Regional economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States of a given region, to which its member States have transferred competence in respect of matters governed by this Convention and which has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to it.

"Sustainable use" means the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations.

"Technology" includes biotechnology.


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