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The Principles Of European Contract Law 1997 - (unofficial preview of the provisional complete and revised version)

CHAPTER 1 - General Provisions

Section 1 - Scope of the Principles

Article 1.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.101)</font></sup> - Application of the Principles

Article 1.102 - Freedom of contract

Article 1.103 - Mandatory Law

Article 1.104 - Application to questions of consent

Article 1.105 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.103)</font></sup> - Usages and Practices

Article 1.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.104)</font></sup> - Interpretation and Supplementation

Article 1.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex Art. 1.113)</font></sup> - Application of the Principles by Way of Analogy

Section 2. - General Obligations

Article 1.201 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.106)</font></sup> - Good Faith and Fair Dealing

Article 1.202 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.107)</font></sup> - Duty to Co-operate

Section 3. - Terminology and Other Provisions

Article 1.301 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.105)</font></sup> - Meaning of Terms

Article 1.302 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.108)</font></sup> - Reasonableness

Article 1.303 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.110)</font></sup> - Notice

Article 1.304 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.111)</font></sup> - Computation of Time

Article 1.305 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1.109)</font></sup> - Imputed Knowledge and Intention

CHAPTER 2 - Formation

Section 1 - General Provisions

Article 2.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.101)</font></sup> - Conditions for the Conclusion of a Contract

Article 2.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.102)</font></sup> - Intention

Article 2.103 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.103)</font></sup> - Sufficient Agreement

Article 2.104 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.103 A)</font></sup> - Not individually negotiated terms

Article 2.105 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.106 A)</font></sup> - Merger Clause

Article 2.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.106 B)</font></sup> - Written Modification only

Article 2.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.108)</font></sup> - Promises binding without acceptance

Section 2 - Offer and Acceptance

Article 2.201 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.201)</font></sup> - Offer

Article 2.202 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.202)</font></sup> - Revocation of an Offer

Article 2.203 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.203)</font></sup> - Lapse of an Offer

Article 2.204 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.204)</font></sup> - Acceptance

Article 2.205 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.205)</font></sup> - Time of Conclusion of the Contract

Article 2.206 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.206)</font></sup> - Time Limit for Acceptance

Article 2.207 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.208)</font></sup> - Late Acceptance

Article 2.208 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.209)</font></sup> - Modified Acceptance

Article 2.209 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.210)</font></sup> - Conflicting General conditions

Article 2.210 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.211)</font></sup> - Professional's written confirmation

Article 2.211 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.212)</font></sup> - Contracts not Concluded through Offer and Acceptance

Section 3 - Liability for negotiations

Article 2.301 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.301)</font></sup> - Negotiations Contrary to Good Faith

Article 2.302 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5.302)</font></sup> - Breach of Confidentiality

CHAPTER 3 - Authority Of Agents

Section 1 - General Provisions

Article 3.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 1)</font></sup> - Scope of the Chapter

Article 3.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 1A)</font></sup> - Categories of Representation

Section 2 - Direct Representation

Article 3.201 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2)</font></sup> - Express, implied and apparent authority

Article 3.202 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3)</font></sup> - Agent acting in exercise of his authority

Article 3.203 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3A)</font></sup> - Unidentified Principal

Article 3.204 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6)</font></sup> - Agent acting without or outside his authority

Article 3.205 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 8)</font></sup> - Conflict of Interests

Article 3.206 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 12)</font></sup> - Subagency

Article 3.207 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 10)</font></sup> - Ratification by Principal

Article 3.208 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 11)</font></sup> - Third Party's Right with Respect to Confirmation of Authority

Article 3.209 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 13)</font></sup> - Duration of Authority

Section 3 - Indirect Representation

Article 3.301 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4)</font></sup> - Intermediaries not acting in the name of a Principal

Article 3.302 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5)</font></sup> - Intermediary's Insolvency or Fundamental Non-performance to Principal

Article 3.303 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5A)</font></sup> - Intermediary's Insolvency or Fundamental Non-performance to Third Party

Article 3.304 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 5B)</font></sup> - Requirement of Notice

CHAPTER 4 - Validity

Article 4.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.101)</font></sup> - Matters not Covered

Article 4.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.102)</font></sup> - Initial Impossibility

Article 4.103 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.103)</font></sup> - Mistake as to facts or law

Article 4.104 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.104)</font></sup> - Inaccuracies in communications

Article 4.105 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.105)</font></sup> - Adaptation of contract

Article 4.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.106)</font></sup> - Incorrect information

Article 4.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.107)</font></sup> - Fraud

Article 4.108 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.108)</font></sup> - Threats

Article 4.109 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.109)</font></sup> - Excessive benefit or unfair advantage

Article 4.110 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.110)</font></sup> - Unfair terms which have not been individually negotiated

Article 4.111 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.111)</font></sup> - Third persons

Article 4.112 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.112)</font></sup> - Notice of Avoidance

Article 4.113 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.113)</font></sup> - Time limits

Article 4.114 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.114)</font></sup> - Confirmation

Article 4.115 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.115)</font></sup> - Partial avoidance

Article 4.116 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.116)</font></sup> - Effect of avoidance

Article 4.117 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.117)</font></sup> - Damages

Article 4.118 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex. art. 6.118)</font></sup> - Exclusion or restriction of remedies

Article 4.119 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 6.119)</font></sup> - Remedy for non-performance

CHAPTER 5 - Interpretation

Article 5.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.101/ 101A)</font></sup> - General Rules of Interpretation

Article 5.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.102)</font></sup> - Relevant Circumstances

Article 5.103 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.103)</font></sup> - Contra Proferentem Rule

Article 5.104 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.104)</font></sup> - Preference to Negotiated Terms

Article 5.105 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.105)</font></sup> - Reference to Contract as a Whole (to Be Read as a Whole)

Article 5.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.106)</font></sup> - Terms to Be Given (Full) Effect

Article 5.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 7.107)</font></sup> - Linguistic Discrepancies

CHAPTER 6 - Contents And Effects

Article 6.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 8.101)</font></sup> - Statements giving rise to contractual obligation

Article 6.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(replaces 5.108)</font></sup> - Implied obligations

Article 6.103 - Simulation

Article 6.104 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.101)</font></sup> - Determination of Price

Article 6.105 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.102)</font></sup> - Unilateral Determination by a Party

Article 6.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.103)</font></sup> - Determination by a Third Person

Article 6.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.104)</font></sup> - Reference to a Non Existent Factor

Article 6.108 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.105)</font></sup> - Quality of Performance

Article 6.109 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.109)</font></sup> - Contract for an Indefinite Period

Article 6.110 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.115)</font></sup> - Stipulation in Favour of a Third Party

Article 6.111 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.117)</font></sup> - Change of Circumstances

CHAPTER 7 - Performance

Article 7.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.106)</font></sup> - Place of Performance

Article 7.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.107)</font></sup> - Time of Performance

Article 7.103 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.108)</font></sup> - Early Performance

Article 7.104 - Order of performance

Article 7.105 - Alternative performance

Article 7.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.116)</font></sup> - Performance by a Third Person

Article 7.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.110)</font></sup> - Form of Payment

Article 7.108 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.111)</font></sup> - Currency of Payment

Article 7.109 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.112)</font></sup> - Appropriation of Performance

Article 7.110 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.113)</font></sup> - Property Not Accepted

Article 7.111 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 2.114)</font></sup> - Money not Accepted

Article 7.112 - Costs of performance

CHAPTER 8 - Non-Performance And Remedies In General

Article 8.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.101)</font></sup> - Remedies Available

Article 8.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.102)</font></sup> - Cumulation of Remedies

Article 8.103 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.103)</font></sup> - Fundamental Non-Performance

Article 8.104 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.104)</font></sup> - Cure by Non-Performing Party

Article 8.105 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.105)</font></sup> - Assurance of Performance

Article 8.106 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.106)</font></sup> - Notice Fixing Additional Period for Performance

Article 8.107 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 3.107)</font></sup> - Performance Entrusted to Another

Article 8.108 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 3.108)</font></sup> - Excuse Due to an Impediment

Article 8.109 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex 3.109)</font></sup> - Clause Limiting or Excluding Liability

CHAPTER 9 - Particular Remedies For Non-Performance

Section 1 - Right to Performance

Article 9.101 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.101)</font></sup> - Monetary Obligations

Article 9.102 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.102)</font></sup> - Non-monetary Obligations

Article 9.103 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 4.103)</font></sup> - Damages Not Precluded

Section 2 - Right To Withhold Performance

Article 9.201 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 4.201)</font></sup> - Right to Withhold Performance

Section 3 - Termination Of The Contract

Article 9.301 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.301)</font></sup> - Right to Terminate the Contract

Article 9.302 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 4.302)</font></sup> - Contract to be Performed in Parts

Article 9.303 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.303)</font></sup> - Notice of Termination

Article 9.304 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.304)</font></sup> - Anticipatory Non-Performance

Article 9.305 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.305)</font></sup> - Effects of Termination in General

Article 9.306 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.306)</font></sup> - Property Reduced in Value

Article 9.307 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.307)</font></sup> - Recovery of Money Paid

Article 9.308 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 4.308)</font></sup> - Recovery of Property

Article 9.309 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.309)</font></sup> - Recovery for Performance that Cannot be Returned

Section 4 - Price Reduction

Article 9.401 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 4.401)</font></sup> - Right to Reduce Price

Section 5 - Damages and Interest

Article 9.501 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.501)</font></sup> - Right to Damages

Article 9.502 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art 4.502)</font></sup> - General Measure of Damages

Article 9.503 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.503)</font></sup> - Foreseeability

Article 9.504 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(new; previously part of 4.504)</font></sup> - Loss Attributable to Aggrieved Party

Article 9.505 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(new; previously part of 4.504)</font></sup> - Reduction of loss

Article 9.506 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.505)</font></sup> - Cover Transaction

Article 9.507 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.506)</font></sup> - Current Price

Article 9.508 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.507)</font></sup> - Delay in Payment of Money

Article 9.509 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.508)</font></sup> - Agreed Payment for Non-performance

Article 9.510 <sup><font size=1 color=#9999CC>(ex art. 4.509)</font></sup> - Currency by which Damages to be Measured

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The Principles Of European Contract Law 1997 Parts I and II (unofficial preview of the provisional complete and revised version)

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1997

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