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Progressive Development of the Law of International Trade:
Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, 1966

Introduction

[ Introduction ]

I. The law of international trade

A. Concept of "law of international trade"

[ Concept ]

B. Legal techniques used to reduce conflicts and divergencies

[ Conflict Reduction ]

1. Choice of Law Rules

[ Choice of Law Rules ]

2. Harmonization and Unification of Substantive Rules

[ Harmonization and Unification of Substantive Rules ]

C. Development of the law of international trade

[ Development of Law ]

1. Similarity

[ Similarity ]

2. Application

[ Application ]

3. Formulation

[ Formulation ]

II. Survey of the work in the field of harmonization and unification of the law of international trade

[ Survey of work

A. Inter-governmental organizations

1. The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law

[ International Institute for the Unification of Private Law ]

2. The Hague Conference on Private International Law

[ The Hague Conference on Private International Law ]

3. The League of Nations

[ The League of Nations ]

(a) The Geneva Conventions on the unification of the law relating to bills of exchange (1930) and to cheques (1931)

(b) The Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses of 1923  27  and the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1927  28 

4. The United Nations

[ The United Nations ]

(a) The Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1958  29 

(b) Industrial property legislation

(c) United Nations regional economic commissions

(i) Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
a. The ECE General Conditions of Sale and Standard Forms of Contract
b. European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration
(ii) Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE)
(iii) Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA)
(iv) Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

(d) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

(e) Centre for Industrial Development

5. The United Nations Specialized Agencies

(a) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

(b) Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO)

(c) The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

6. United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI)

[ BIRPI ]

B. Regional inter-governmental organizations and groupings

1. The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA)*

[ The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) ]

2. The European Economic Community (EEC)

[ The European Economic Community (EEC) ]

3. The European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

[ EFTA ]

4. The Latin American Countries

[ The Latin American Countries ]

(a) Unification of conflict rules

(b) International commercial arbitration

(d) Other activities

5. The Council of Europe

[ The Council of Europe ]

6. The Benelux Countries

[ The Benelux Countries ]

7. The Nordic Council

[ The Nordic Council ]

8. The Organization of African Unity (OAU)

[ The Organization of African Unity (OAU) ]

9. The Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee

[ The Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee ]

C. Non-governmental organizations

1. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

[ The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) ]

(a) The Court of Arbitration

(b) Incoterms 1953

(c) Uniform customs and practice for documentary credits

2. The International Maritime Committee (IMC)

[ The International Maritime Committee (IMC) ]

3. The International Association of Legal Science

[ The International Association of Legal Science ]

4. The International Law Association (ILA)

[ The International Law Association (ILA) ]

5. The Institute of International Law

[ The Institute of International Law ]

D. Summary: main areas of harmonization and unification

[ Summary ]

III. Methods, approaches and topics suitable for the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade

A. Methods

[ Methods ]

B. Approaches

[ Approaches ]

C. Suitable topics

[ Suitable topics ]

IV. Role of the United Nations in the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade

A. Progress and shortcomings of the work in the field of harmonization and unification of the law of international trade

[ Progress and Sortcomings ]

B. Desirable action to remedy the existing shortcomings

[ Desirable Action ]

C. Role of the United Nations

[ Role of the United Nations ]

1. Is the Unification and Harmonization of the Law of International Trade an Appropriate Subject for United Nations Action?

[ Is the Unification and Harmonization of the Law of International Trade an Appropriate Subject for United Nations Action? ]

2. Would a United Nations Participation in this Activity Unnecessarily Duplicate the Work of Existing Agencies and Reduce or Abolish their Usefulness?

[ Would a United Nations Participation in this Activity Unnecessarily Duplicate the Work of Existing Agencies and Reduce or Abolish their Usefulness? ]

3. Would the United Nations be in a Position to Make a Significant Contribution to Furthering Unification on A World-Wide Scale or Otherwise?

[ Would the United Nations be in a Position to Make a Significant Contribution to Furthering Unification on A World-Wide Scale or Otherwise? ]

4. Should the Functions of the United Nations be Confined to Co-Ordination or Should they Also Encompass Formulation?

[ Should the Functions of the United Nations be Confined to Co-Ordination or Should they Also Encompass Formulation? ]

5. Is There a Realistic Chance of Success or is the Task too Diffficult for Tangible Results?

[ Is There a Realistic Chance of Success or is the Task too Diffficult for Tangible Results? ]

D. Establishment of a United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

[ Establishment of a United Nations Commission on International Trade Law ]

E. Financial implications of the establishment of a United Nations commission on international trade law

[ Finacial implications of UNCITRAL ]

Endnotes

Endnotes

Endnotes

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Title:

Progressive Development of the Law of International Trade: Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, 1966

Creator:

United Nations (UN)

Rights:

Copyright (C) 1966 United Nations (UN)

Date:

1966

Publisher:

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Topics Registered:

United Nations

trade

report

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UNCITRAL formative document

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