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International Court of Arbitration Rules of Arbitration in force as from 1 January 1998


Standard ICC Arbitration Clause

Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (in force as from 1 January 1998)

Introductory Provisions

Article 1 - International Court of Arbitration

Article 2 - Definitions

Article 3 - Written Notifications or Communications; Time Limits

Commencing the Arbitration

Article 4 - Request for Arbitration

Article 5 - Answer to the Request; Counterclaims

Article 6 - Effect of the Arbitration Agreement

The Arbitral Tribunal

Article 7 - General Provisions

Article 8 - Number of Arbitrators

Article 9 - Appointment and Confirmation of the Arbitrators

Article 10 - Multiple Parties

Article 11 - Challenge of Arbitrators

Article 12 - Replacement of Arbitrators

The Arbitral Proceedings

Article 13 - Transmission of the File to the Arbitral Tribunal

Article 14 - Place of the Arbitration

Article 15 - Rules Governing the Proceedings

Article 16 - Language of the Arbitration

Article 17 - Applicable Rules of Law

Article 18

Article 19 - New Claims

Article 20 - Establishing the Facts of the Case

Article 21 - Hearings

Article 22 - Closing of the Proceedings

Article 23 - Conservatory and Interim Measures


Article 24 - Time Limit for the Award

Article 25 - Making of the Award

Article 26 - Award by Consent

Article 27 - Scrutiny of the Award by the Court

Article 28 - Notification, Deposit and Enforceability of the Award

Article 29 - Correction and Interpretation of the Award


Article 30 - Advance to Cover the Costs of the Arbitration

Article 31 - Decision as to the Costs of the Arbitration


Article 32 - Modified Time Limits

Article 33 - Waiver

Article 34 - Exclusion of Liability

Article 35 - General Rule

Appendix I - Statutes of the International Court of Arbitration of the ICC

Article 1 - Function

Article 2 - Composition of the Court

Article 3 - Appointment

Article 4 - Plenary Session of the Court

Article 5 - Committees

Article 6 - Confidentiality

Article 7 - Modification of the Rules of Arbitration

Appendix II - Internal Rules of the International Court of Arbitration of the ICC

Article 1 - Confidential Character of the Work of the International Court of Arbitration

Article 2 - Participation of Members of the International Court of Arbitration in ICC Arbitration

Article 3 - Relations between the Members of the Court and the ICC National Committees

Article 4 - Committee of the Court

Article 5 - Court Secretariat

Article 6 - Scrutiny of Arbitral Awards

Appendix III - Arbitration Costs and Fees

Article 1 - Advance on Costs

Article 2 - Costs and Fees

Article 3 - Appointments of Arbitrators

Article 4 - Scales of Administrative Expenses and Arbitrator's Fees

A. Administrative Expenses

B. Arbitrator's Fees

Examples for illustrative purposes only


SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

ICC - International Chamber of Commerce Arbitration Rules 1998 - (these rules came into effect on 1 January 1998)

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

International Court of Arbitration Rules of Arbitration in force as from 1 January 1998


The closing decades of the twentieth century saw international commercial arbitration gain worldwide acceptance as the normal means of resolving international commercial disputes. National laws on arbitration have been modernized on all continents. International treaties on arbitration have been signed or adhered to with impressive success. Arbitration has become part of the curricula of large numbers of law schools. With the gradual removal of political and trade barriers and the rapid globalization of the world economy, new challenges have been created for arbitration institutions in response to the growing demand of parties for certainty and predictability, greater rapidity and flexibility as well as neutrality and efficacy in the resolution of international disputes.

Since the International Court of Arbitration was established in 1923, ICC arbitration has been constantly nourished by the experience gathered by the ICC International Court of Arbitration in the course of administering more than eleven thousand international arbitration cases, now involving each year parties and arbitrators from over 100 countries and from a diversity of legal, economic, cultural and linguistic backgrounds.

The present ICC Rules of Arbitration came into effect on 1 January 1998. They are the result of an intensive, worldwide consultation process and constitute the first major revision of the Rules in more than 20 years. The changes made are designed to reduce delays and ambiguities and to fill certain gaps, taking into account the evolution of arbitration practice. The basic features of the ICC arbitration system have not been altered, however, notably its universality and flexibility, as well as the central role played by the ICC Court in the administration of arbitral cases.

Every ICC arbitration is conducted by an arbitral tribunal with responsibility for examining the merits of the case and rendering a final award. Each year, ICC arbitrations are held in some 40 countries, in most major languages and with arbitrators of some 60 different nationalities. The work of those arbitral tribunals is monitored by the ICC Court, which meets weekly all year round. Currently composed of some 112 members from 73 countries, the Court organizes and supervises arbitrations held under the ICC Rules of Arbitration. The Court must remain constantly alert to changes in the law and the practice of arbitration in all parts of the world and must adapt its working methods to the evolving needs of parties and arbitrators. For the day-to-day management of cases in many languages, the ICC Court is supported by a Secretariat based at the headquarters of the International Chamber of Commerce, in Paris.

Although the ICC Rules of Arbitration have been especially designed for arbitrations in an international context, they may also be used for non-international cases.

The present publication contains only the 1998 ICC Rules of Arbitration. The 1988 ICC Rules of Optional Conciliation, with which they were previously published, have been replaced, as from 1 July 2001, by the ICC ADR Rules, which are published separately. This reedition of the 1998 Rules of Arbitration has allowed a number of typographical, syntactical and grammatical corrections to be made to the text as previously published. In addition, for the sake of consistency with the French version of the Rules, in the second sentence of Article 2(9) of Appendix III , the words "are expected" have been replaced by "have a duty ".

August 2001

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( International Trade/Commercial Law & e-Commerce Monitor )

W3 since October 3 1993
1993 - 2010

started @The University of Tromsø, Norway, 1993
hosted by The University of Oslo, Norway, since 1998
in fellowship with The Institute of International Commercial Law,
Pace University, White Plains, New York, U.S.A.



Ralph Amissah

Lex Mercatoria