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International Convention on Liability And Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea, IMO 1996

[Preamble]

Chapter I - General Provisions

Definitions

Article 1

Annexes

Article 2

Scope of application

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Duties of State Parties

Article 6

Chapter II - Liability

Liability of the owner

Article 7

Incidents involving two or more ships

Article 8

Limitation of liability

Article 9

Article 10

Death and injury

Article 11

Compulsory insurance of the owner

Article 12

Chapter III - Compensation By The International Hazardous And Noxious Substances Fund (HNS Fund)

Establishment of the HNS Fund

Article 13

Compensation

Article 14

Related tasks of the HNS Fund

Article 15

Expenditure:

General provisions on contributions

Article 16

General provisions on annual contributions

Article 17

Annual contributions to the general account

Article 18

Annual contributions to separate accounts

Article 19

Initial contributions

Article 20

Reports

Article 21

Non­payment of contributions

Article 22

Optional liability of States Parties for the payment of contributions

Article 23

Organization and administration

Article 24

Assembly

Article 25

Article 26

Article 27

Article 28

Secretariat

Article 29

Article 30

Article 31

Finances

Article 32

Voting

Article 33

Article 34

Tax exemptions and currency regulations

Article 35

Confidentiality of information

Article 36

Chapter IV - Claims And Actions

Limitation of actions

Article 37

Jurisdiction in respect of action against the owner

Article 38

Jurisdiction in respect of action against the HNS Fund or taken by the HNS Fund

Article 39

Recognition and enforcement

Article 40

Subrogation and recourse

Article 41

Supersession clause

Article 42

Chapter V - Transitional Provisions

Information on contributing cargo

Article 43

First session of the Assembly

Article 44

Chapter VI - Final Clauses

Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession

Article 45

Entry into force

Article 46

Revision and amendment

Article 47

Amendment of limits

Article 48

Denunciation

Article 49

Extraordinary sessions of the Assembly

Article 50

Cessation

Article 51

Winding up of the HNS Fund

Article 52

Depositary

Article 53

Languages

Article 54

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Annexes

Annex I

Annex I - Certificate Of Insurance Or Other Financial Security In Respect Of Liability For Damage Caused By Hazardous And Noxious Substances (HNS)

Explanatory Notes:

ANNEX II - Regulations For The Calculation Of Annual Contributions To The General Account

Regulation 1

Regulation 2

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, IMO 1996

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

International Convention on Liability And Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea, IMO 1996

Chapter III - Compensation By The International Hazardous And Noxious Substances Fund (HNS Fund)

Compensation

Article 14

1. For the purpose of fulfilling its function under article 13, paragraph 1(a), the HNS Fund shall pay compensation to any person suffering damage if such person has been unable to obtain full and adequate compensation for the damage under the terms of chapter II:

(a) because no liability for the damage arises under chapter II;

(b) because the owner liable for the damage under chapter II is financially incapable of meeting the obligations under this Convention in full and any financial security that may be provided under chapter II does not cover or is insufficient to satisfy the claims for compensation for damage; an owner being treated as financially incapable of meeting these obligations and a financial security being treated as insufficient if the person suffering the damage has been unable to obtain full satisfaction of the amount of compensation due under chapter II after having taken all reasonable steps to pursue the available legal remedies;

(c) because the damage exceeds the owner's liability under the terms of chapter II.

2. Expenses reasonably incurred or sacrifices reasonably made by the owner voluntarily to prevent or minimize damage shall be treated as damage for the purposes of this article.

3. The HNS Fund shall incur no obligation under the preceding paragraphs if:

(a) it proves that the damage resulted from an act of war, hostilities, civil war or insurrection or was caused by hazardous and noxious substances which had escaped or been discharged from a warship or other ship owned or operated by a State and used, at the time of the incident, only on Government non-commercial service; or

(b) the claimant cannot prove that there is a reasonable probability that the damage resulted from an incident involving one or more ships.

4. If the HNS Fund proves that the damage resulted wholly or partly either from an act or omission done with intent to cause damage by the person who suffered the damage or from the negligence of that person, the HNS Fund may be exonerated wholly or partially from its obligation to pay compensation to such person. The HNS Fund shall in any event be exonerated to the extent that the owner may have been exonerated under article 7, paragraph 3. However, there shall be no such exoneration of the HNS Fund with regard to preventive measures.

5. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (b), the aggregate amount of compensation payable by the HNS Fund under this article shall in respect of any one incident be limited, so that the total sum of that amount and any amount of compensation actually paid under chapter II for damage within the scope of application of this Convention as defined in article 3 shall not exceed 250 million units of account.

(b) The aggregate amount of compensation payable by the HNS Fund under this article for damage resulting from a natural phenomenon of an exceptional, inevitable and irresistible character shall not exceed 250 million units of account.

(c) Interest accrued on a fund constituted in accordance with article 9, paragraph 3, if any, shall not be taken into account for the computation of the maximum compensation payable by the HNS Fund under this article.

(d) The amounts mentioned in this article shall be converted into national currency on the basis of the value of that currency with reference to the Special Drawing Right on the date of the decision of the Assembly of the HNS Fund as to the first date of payment of compensation.

6. Where the amount of established claims against the HNS Fund exceeds the aggregate amount of compensation payable under paragraph 5, the amount available shall be distributed in such a manner that the proportion between any established claim and the amount of compensation actually recovered by the claimant under this Convention shall be the same for all claimants. Claims in respect of death or personal injury shall have priority over other claims, however, save to the extent that the aggregate of such claims exceeds two­thirds of the total amount established in accordance with paragraph 5.

7. The Assembly of the HNS Fund may decide that, in exceptional cases, compensation in accordance with this Convention can be paid even if the owner has not constituted a fund in accordance with chapter II. In such cases paragraph 5(d) applies accordingly.


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