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International Convention on Liability And Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea, IMO 1996

[Preamble]

Chapter I - General Provisions

Definitions

Article 1

Annexes

Article 2

Scope of application

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Duties of State Parties

Article 6

Chapter II - Liability

Liability of the owner

Article 7

Incidents involving two or more ships

Article 8

Limitation of liability

Article 9

Article 10

Death and injury

Article 11

Compulsory insurance of the owner

Article 12

Chapter III - Compensation By The International Hazardous And Noxious Substances Fund (HNS Fund)

Establishment of the HNS Fund

Article 13

Compensation

Article 14

Related tasks of the HNS Fund

Article 15

Expenditure:

General provisions on contributions

Article 16

General provisions on annual contributions

Article 17

Annual contributions to the general account

Article 18

Annual contributions to separate accounts

Article 19

Initial contributions

Article 20

Reports

Article 21

Non­payment of contributions

Article 22

Optional liability of States Parties for the payment of contributions

Article 23

Organization and administration

Article 24

Assembly

Article 25

Article 26

Article 27

Article 28

Secretariat

Article 29

Article 30

Article 31

Finances

Article 32

Voting

Article 33

Article 34

Tax exemptions and currency regulations

Article 35

Confidentiality of information

Article 36

Chapter IV - Claims And Actions

Limitation of actions

Article 37

Jurisdiction in respect of action against the owner

Article 38

Jurisdiction in respect of action against the HNS Fund or taken by the HNS Fund

Article 39

Recognition and enforcement

Article 40

Subrogation and recourse

Article 41

Supersession clause

Article 42

Chapter V - Transitional Provisions

Information on contributing cargo

Article 43

First session of the Assembly

Article 44

Chapter VI - Final Clauses

Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession

Article 45

Entry into force

Article 46

Revision and amendment

Article 47

Amendment of limits

Article 48

Denunciation

Article 49

Extraordinary sessions of the Assembly

Article 50

Cessation

Article 51

Winding up of the HNS Fund

Article 52

Depositary

Article 53

Languages

Article 54

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Annexes

Annex I

Annex I - Certificate Of Insurance Or Other Financial Security In Respect Of Liability For Damage Caused By Hazardous And Noxious Substances (HNS)

Explanatory Notes:

ANNEX II - Regulations For The Calculation Of Annual Contributions To The General Account

Regulation 1

Regulation 2

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, IMO 1996

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

International Convention on Liability And Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous And Noxious Substances By Sea, IMO 1996

Chapter II - Liability

Limitation of liability

Article 9

1. The owner of a ship shall be entitled to limit liability under this Convention in respect of any one incident to an aggregate amount calculated as follows:

(a) 10 million units of account for a ship not exceeding 2,000 units of tonnage; and

(b) for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof, the following amount in addition to that mentioned in (a):

for each unit of tonnage from 2,001 to 50,000 units of tonnage, 1,500 units of account

for each unit of tonnage in excess of 50,000 units of tonnage, 360 units of account

provided, however, that this aggregate amount shall not in any event exceed 100 million units of account.

2. The owner shall not be entitled to limit liability under this Convention if it is proved that the damage resulted from the personal act or omission of the owner, committed with the intent to cause such damage, or recklessly and with knowledge that such damage would probably result.

3. The owner shall, for the purpose of benefitting from the limitation provided for in paragraph 1, constitute a fund for the total sum representing the limit of liability established in accordance with paragraph 1 with the court or other competent authority of any one of the States Parties in which action is brought under article 38 or, if no action is brought, with any court or other competent authority in any one of the States Parties in which an action can be brought under article 38. The fund can be constituted either by depositing the sum or by producing a bank guarantee or other guarantee, acceptable under the law of the State Party where the fund is constituted, and considered to be adequate by the court or other competent authority.

4. Subject to the provisions of article 11, the fund shall be distributed among the claimants in proportion to the amounts of their established claims.

5. If before the fund is distributed the owner or any of the servants or agents of the owner or any person providing to the owner insurance or other financial security has as a result of the incident in question, paid compensation for damage, such person shall, up to the amount that person has paid, acquire by subrogation the rights which the person so compensated would have enjoyed under this Convention.

6. The right of subrogation provided for in paragraph 5 may also be exercised by a person other than those mentioned therein in respect of any amount of compensation for damage which such person may have paid but only to the extent that such subrogation is permitted under the applicable national law.

7. Where owners or other persons establish that they may be compelled to pay at a later date in whole or in part any such amount of compensation, with regard to which the right of subrogation would have been enjoyed under paragraphs 5 or 6 had the compensation been paid before the fund was distributed, the court or other competent authority of the State where the fund has been constituted may order that a sufficient sum shall be provisionally set aside to enable such person at such later date to enforce the claim against the fund.

8. Claims in respect of expenses reasonably incurred or sacrifices reasonably made by the owner voluntarily to prevent or minimize damage shall rank equally with other claims against the fund.

9.

(a) The amounts mentioned in paragraph 1 shall be converted into national currency on the basis of the value of that currency by reference to the Special Drawing Right on the date of the constitution of the fund referred to in paragraph 3. The value of the national currency, in terms of the Special Drawing Right, of a State Party which is a member of the International Monetary Fund, shall be calculated in accordance with the method of valuation applied by the International Monetary Fund in effect on the date in question for its operations and transactions. The value of the national currency, in terms of the Special Drawing Right, of a State Party which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund, shall be calculated in a manner determined by that State.

(b) Nevertheless, a State Party which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund and whose law does not permit the application of the provisions of paragraph 9(a) may, at the time of ratification, acceptance, approval of or accession to this Convention or at any time thereafter, declare that the unit of account referred to in paragraph 9(a) shall be equal to 15 gold francs. The gold franc referred to in this paragraph corresponds to sixty-five-and-a-half milligrammes of gold of millesimal fineness nine hundred. The conversion of the gold franc into the national currency shall be made according to the law of the State concerned.

(c) The calculation mentioned in the last sentence of paragraph 9(a) and the conversion mentioned in paragraph 9(b) shall be made in such manner as to express in the national currency of the State Party as far as possible the same real value for the amounts in paragraph 1 as would result from the application of the first two sentences of paragraph 9(a). States Parties shall communicate to the Secretary­General the manner of calculation pursuant to paragraph 9(a), or the result of the conversion in paragraph 9(b) as the case may be, when depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval of or accession to this Convention and whenever there is a change in either.

10. For the purpose of this article the ship's tonnage shall be the gross tonnage calculated in accordance with the tonnage measurement regulations contained in Annex I of the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969.

11. The insurer or other person providing financial security shall be entitled to constitute a fund in accordance with this article on the same conditions and having the same effect as if it were constituted by the owner. Such a fund may be constituted even if, under the provisions of paragraph 2, the owner is not entitled to limitation of liability, but its constitution shall in that case not prejudice the rights of any claimant against the owner.


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