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Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Vienna Convention Layer on the Protection of the Ozone Layer 1985


Article 1 - Definitions

Article 2 - General obligations

Article 3 - Research and Systematic Observations

Article 4 - Co-operation in the Legal, Scientific and Technical Fields

Article 5 - Transmission of Information

Article 6 - Conference of the Parties

Article 7 - Secretariat

Article 8 - Adoption of Protocols

Article 9 - Amendment of the Convention or Protocols

Article 10 - Adoption and Amendment of Annexes

Article 11 - Settlement of Disputes

Article 12 - Signature

Article 13 - Ratification Acceptance or Approval

Article 14 - Accession

Article 15 - Right to vote

Article 16 - Relationship between the Convention and its Protocols

Article 17 - Entry into Force

Article 18 - Reservations

Article 19 - Withdrawal

Article 20 - Depositary

Article 21 - Authentic Texts

Annex I - Research And Systematic Observations

Annex II - Information Exchange


SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Vienna Convention Layer on the Protection of the Ozone Layer 1985


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Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Vienna Convention Layer on the Protection of the Ozone Layer 1985

Article 2 - General obligations

1. The Parties shall take appropriate measures in accordance with the provisions of this Convention and of those protocols in force to which they are party to protect human health and the environment against adverse effects resulting or likely to result from human activities which modify or are likely to modify the ozone layer.

2. To this end the Parties shall, in accordance with the means at their disposal and their capabilities:

(a) Co-operate by means of systematic observations, research and information exchange in order to better understand and assess the effects of human activities on the ozone layer and the effects on human health and the environment from modification of the ozone layer;

(b) Adopt appropriate legislative or administrative measures and co-operate in harmonizing appropriate policies to control, limit, reduce or prevent human activities under their jurisdiction or control should it be found that these activities have or are likely to have adverse effects resulting from modification or likely modification of the ozone layer;

(c) Co-operate in the formulation of agreed measures procedures and standards for the implementation of this Convention, with a view to the adoption of protocols and Annexes;

(d) Co-operate with competent international bodies to implement effectively this Convention and protocols to which they are party.

3. The provisions of this Convention shall in no way affect the right of Parties to adopt, in accordance with international law, domestic measures additional to those referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 above, nor shall they affect additional domestic measures already taken by a Party, provided that these measures are not incompatible with their obligations under this Convention.

4. The application of this Article shall be based on relevant scientific and technical considerations.

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( International Trade/Commercial Law & e-Commerce Monitor )

W3 since October 3 1993
1993 - 2010

started @The University of Tromsø, Norway, 1993
hosted by The University of Oslo, Norway, since 1998
in fellowship with The Institute of International Commercial Law,
Pace University, White Plains, New York, U.S.A.



Ralph Amissah

Lex Mercatoria