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The Hague-Visby Rules - The Hague Rules as Amended by the Brussels Protocol 1968

Article I

Article II

Article III

Article IV

Article IV bis

Article V

Article VI

Article VII

Article VIII

Article IX

Article X

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The Hague-Visby Rules - The Hague Rules as Amended by the Brussels Protocol 1968

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The Hague-Visby Rules - The Hague Rules as Amended by the Brussels Protocol 1968

Article IV bis

1. The defences and limits of liability provided for in these Rules shall apply in any action against the carrier in respect of loss or damage to goods covered by a contract of carriage whether the action be founded in contract or in tort.

2. If such an action is brought against a servant or agent of the carrier (such servant or agent not being an independent contractor), such servant or agent shall be entitled to avail himself of the defences and limits of liability which the carrier is entitled to invoke under these Rules.

3. The aggregate of the amounts recoverable from the carrier, and such servants and agents, shall in no case exceed the limit provided for in these Rules.

4. Nevertheless, a servant or agent of the carrier shall not be entitled to avail himself of the provisions of this article, if it is proved that the damage resulted from an act or omission of the servant or agent done with intent to cause damage or recklessly and with knowledge that damage would probably result.


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