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(old table of contents) Lex Mercatoria - International Commercial Law and E-Commerce Infrastructure Monitor (1993 -> 2003 :) ---->

© Ralph Amissah, Lex Mercatoria http://lexmercatoria.org/

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Commercial Law Related
Chronological List
& Organizations
Commercial Law Related
Subject Index
Law Sites - Other Subject Areas
Law Sites - Miscellany
Commerce Related Sites
Key Technologies
Miscellany
Lex Mercatoria & International Trade/Commercial Law Monitor Information
Contents  Lex Mercatoria
Disclaimer, and History of the Site
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Commercial Law Related
Chronological List
& Organizations
Contents  International Trade Instruments, Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules. A Reverse Chronological List
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Contents  International Organizations
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Commercial Law Related
Subject Index
Contents  Agency
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Contents  Applicable Law (Conflict of Laws / Proper Law)
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Contents  Carriage of Goods
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Contents  Contract Principles
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Contents  Customs
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Contents  Dispute Settlement
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Contents  Electronic Commerce
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Contents  Insolvency
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Contents  Insurance
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Contents  Intellectual Property (protection of)
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Contents  Interpretation of Legal Texts
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Contents  Investment
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Contents  Jurisdiction and Enforcement
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Contents  Limitation Periods in the International Sale of Goods
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Contents  Payment Mechanisms and Guarantees
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Contents  Procedure and Evidence
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Contents  Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services
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Contents  Sale of Goods
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Contents  Treaties Related to Free Trade and or Economic Union
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Contents  Regional Groupings and Harmonizing Instruments
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Law Sites - Other Subject Areas
Contents  Commercial Law
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Contents  Information Technology Law
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Contents  International & Transnational Law
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Contents  Law and Economics
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Contents  Public International Law
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Contents  Law and Politics
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Law Sites - Miscellany
Contents  Some Influential Academic Law Sites on The Internet
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Contents  Law Universities and Academics
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Contents  Law on The Internet - Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules and Forms
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Contents  Law Libraries, Publishers and Research Guides
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Contents  Law Journals and Periodicals
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Contents  Law Firms and Associations
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Contents  Law Search and Find - Link Repositories, and Search Assistants
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Contents  Law Sites Compendium
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Commerce Related Sites
Contents  Financial Papers & Business Magazines
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Contents  Accountancy and Auditing
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Contents  Banking
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Contents  Business
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Contents  Companies, Corporate Information
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Contents  Economics Links
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Contents  Finance Links
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Contents  Insurance Links
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Contents  International Affairs Related Links
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Contents  Project Finance
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Contents  Taxation
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Contents  Trade Related Links
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Contents  Transport Related Links
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Contents  Development Issues
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Contents  Commerce Compendium
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Key Technologies
Contents  Electronic Commerce Compendium
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Contents  Expert Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Fuzzy Logic
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Contents  Information Technology Compendium
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Miscellany
Contents  News Dailys and Periodicals
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Contents  Bookshops
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Contents  General Reference
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Contents  Directories
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Contents  Translation
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Contents  Web Search
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Contents  Compendium of Miscellany
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Lex Mercatoria & International Trade/Commercial Law Monitor Information
Contents  Lex Mercatoria
Disclaimer, and History of the Site
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0{~title (old table of contents) Lex Mercatoria - International Commercial Law and E-Commerce Infrastructure Monitor (1993 -> 2003 :) ---->0{~creator Ralph Amissah, Lex Mercatoria http://lexmercatoria.org/0{~subject old table of contents0{~keyword navigate0{~type navigation directory0{~date 20030{~source Ralph Amissah, Lex Mercatoria http://lexmercatoria.org/0{~links ../index.html; LM;0{~markup url_png no_to0{~cvs $Id: toc.lm0,v 1.2 2005-11-28 06:47:09 ralph Exp $1{ *3{ Commercial Law Related
Chronological List
& Organizations4{!! ../treaties.and.organisations/lm.chronological.html International Trade Instruments, Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules. A Reverse Chronological List4{!! ../treaties.and.organisations/organizations.html International Organizations3{ Commercial Law Related
Subject Index4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/agency.html Agency4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/applicable.law.html Applicable Law (Conflict of Laws / Proper Law)4{!! ../transport.and.carriage.of.goods/transport.and.maritime.general.html Carriage of Goods4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/contract.principles.html Contract Principles4{!! ../international.economic.law/customs.html Customs4{!! ../arbitration/index.html Arbitration and other Dispute Settlement4{!! ../electronic.commerce/toc.html Electronic Commerce4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/insolvency.html Insolvency4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/insurance.html Insurance4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/intellectual.property.html Intellectual Property (protection of)4{!! ../interpretation/interpretation.html Interpretation of Legal Texts4{!! ../international.economic.law/investment.html Investment4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/jurisdiction.and.enforcement.html Jurisdiction and Enforcement4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/limitation.periods.html Limitation Periods in the International Sale of Goods4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/payment.mechanisms.and.guarantees.html Payment Mechanisms and Guarantees4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/procedure.and.evidence.html Procedure and Evidence4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/procurement.html Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services4{!! ../private.international.commercial.law/sale.of.goods.html Sale of Goods4{!! ../international.economic.law/toc.html Treaties Related to Free Trade and or Economic Union4{!! ../international.economic.law/other.harmonising.instruments.html Regional Groupings and Harmonizing Instruments3{ Law Sites - Other Subject Areas4{!! ../law.sites/commercial.law.html Commercial Law4{!! ../law.sites/information.technology.law.html Information Technology Law4{!! ../lm/law.sites/international.law.html International & Transnational Law4{!! ../law.sites/law.economics.html Law and Economics4{!! ../law.sites/public.international.law.html Public International Law4{!! ../law.sites/law.politics.html Law and Politics3{ Law Sites - Miscellany4{!! ../law.sites/influential.law.academic.html Some Influential Academic Law Sites on The Internet4{!! ../law.sites/law.universities.html Law Universities and Academics4{!! ../law.sites/law.texts.html Law on The Internet - Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules and Forms4{!! ../law.sites/law.libraries.publishers.html Law Libraries, Publishers and Research Guides4{!! ../law.sites/law.journals.html Law Journals and Periodicals4{!! ../law.sites/law.firms.associations.html Law Firms and Associations4{!! ../law.sites/law.search.find.html Law Search and Find - Link Repositories, and Search Assistants4{!! ../law.sites/toc.html Law Sites Compendium3{ Commerce Related Sites4{!! ../commerce.sites/finance.news.html Financial Papers & Business Magazines4{!! ../commerce.sites/accounting.html Accountancy and Auditing4{!! ../commerce.sites/banking.html Banking4{!! ../commerce.sites/business.html Business4{!! ../commerce.sites/corporate.information.html Companies, Corporate Information4{!! ../commerce.sites/economics.html Economics Links4{!! ../commerce.sites/finance.html Finance Links4{!! ../commerce.sites/insurance.html Insurance Links4{!! ../commerce.sites/international.affairs.html International Affairs Related Links4{!! ../commerce.sites/project.finance.html Project Finance4{!! ../commerce.sites/taxation.html Taxation4{!! ../commerce.sites/trade.html Trade Related Links4{!! ../commerce.sites/transport.html Transport Related Links4{!! ../commerce.sites/development.html Development Issues4{!! ../commerce.sites/toc.html Commerce Compendium3{ Key Technologies4{!! ../electronic.commerce/toc.html Electronic Commerce Compendium4{!! ../information.technology/ai.fuzzy.html Expert Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Fuzzy Logic4{!! ../information.technology/information.technology.html Information Technology Compendium3{ Miscellany4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/newspapers.html News Dailys and Periodicals4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/bookshops.html Bookshops4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/reference.html General Reference4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/directories.html Directories4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/translation.html Translation4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/web.search.html LM Search and Web Searches4{!! ../reference.and.resource.miscellany/compendium.html Compendium of Miscellany2{ Lex Mercatoria & International Trade/Commercial Law Monitor Information4{!! ../lm.information/objective.html Lex Mercatoria
Disclaimer, and History of the Site4{~objective Lex Mercatoria
Disclaimer, and History of the Site
This part of the site is now maintained and presented elsewhere on the site, if in doubt start from www.lexmercatoria.org List Objective
List Short Description of the site
List Our Disclaimer
List Further Information
TOC linked .html More on the Site and its History
Full Text .html Text presentations and Navigation

Objective
We have defined our objective broadly and generously as being:
"To investigate the potential of W3 as an information resource, with regard to legal research and education. This we plan to do taking a practical example, - focusing on international trade law as a limited and vitally important area of law that is of global interest". [This we shall pursue as far as we are able.]
This statement of "our objective" dates back to the project's conception in 1993. It ought now be moderated, but its spirit remains unaltered. Within this time span The Web has proven its worth, independently of any individual's efforts or investigations - its' creators apart.
"To explore, utilize and demonstrate the potential of the new IT mediums insofar as they pertain to our chosen subject area."
Towards greater: transparency; harmonization and unification; and uniformity of application - in international trade (law).The area of attention of Lex Mercatoria has expanded somewhat with the developments in use of the Net as they pertain to international commerce, a short description is attempted in the next section.

Short Description
Lex Mercatoria was begun in 1993 at the Law Faculty of the University of Troms? in Northern Norway. It was originally named Ananse and then the International Trade Law Monitor. It was the first legal website devoted to a particular subject area (admittedly a general and broad one) namely, international trade and commercial law. Lex Mercatoria provides the text of some of the more important treaties, conventions, model laws, rules aimed at harmonizing international trade/commerce, and sets of links to sites that are of interest for (the working of) international commerce. Lex Mercatoria has continued in its original spirit to grow its independent and egalitarian set of link collections in response to a continuous exploration of the use and implications of the Net for international commercial law, international commerce and publishing. Recognising the problems for information management resulting from the glut of information available on the web an attempt is made to organise and restrict the links provided to those that are likely to be most useful in the area targeted.Lex Mercatoria is particularly interested in uses made of the Net (both in international commercial law and in technology related to electronic commerce) for the provision and development of: open (and harmonizing) standards; and for readily available deep and accurate information.Apart from the Law Faculties of the University of Troms? and the University of Oslo which kindly hosts the site, Lex Mercatoria collaborates with: the Institute of International Commercial Law of Pace University School of Law, which provides the premier example of the Web being used by an academic institution to research and assist in the promulgation of a harmonizing standard for the international sale of goods through the building of the most comprehensive information available anywhere on the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG); and, the Australasian Legal Information Institute, which has become a legend for revolutionising legal publishing on a continent. We hope to see further positive developments result from our collaboration.Here are a number of attempts at describing the narrower and broader interest of this site:One of the very first law related WWW sites, and the first dedicated to a particular area of law, Lex Mercatoria (alias the International Trade Law Monitor ITLM (also referred to as ITL & ITM - & on occasion by others as RA*); originally named Ananse), run by Ralph Amissah, was originally hosted by the Law Faculty of the University of Tromso, Norway. Lex Mercatoria is kindly supported and hosted by the University of Troms? of Norway and by The Institute of International Commercial Law, Pace University of the USA, in a collaborative venture.Lex Mercatoria is dedicated to the provision of information on international commercial law with subsidiary interests in commerce and (mostly open standard) Net technologies that may be of interest to law academics and professionals worldwide. As such Lex Mercatoria provides information and links related to international commerce and trade law. The LM presents the full texts and where relevant country implementation details of several of the most important conventions and other documents used in international trade and commerce. These materials are presented by subject (e.g. free trade, sale of goods, transport, insurance, payment), chronologically, and has information pages on trade related organizations. LM also maintains extensive links to other sites related by the subject international commerce.The subsidiary interests result in a rather large scope of interest for which we try to keep a manageable set of links. Lex Mercatoria is interested in global commerce, both traditional and electronic, and in following the use made of the Web and Net for its promotion. It is interested in the legal and technological infrastructure that exists and that is being developed to facilitate global commerce (both traditional and electronic). More generally Lex Mercatoria is also interested in the means by which paper is replaced electronically in commerce and publishing. Lex Mercatoria is particularly interested in the use of Open Standards and in the availability of adequate information on matters related to the conduct of global commerce. As such interests include:• the infrastructure for global commerce more generally that which facilitates global commerce, such as
• uniform laws and rules for international commerce
• technological standards for electronic commerce
• enabling technologies for electronic commerce
• information technology useful to commerce and law
• trends related to publishing on the Net and in particular legal publishing
• open standard file formats
• alternative citation systems
• information management
• the use of open standardsThe site was supported by the Law Faculty of the University of Tromso until September 1997 after which it continued to be hosted by the Law Faculty of the University of Tromso but was updated off-line. The site went off the Net in March 1999 due to a critical hard disk failure. In 1996 the site already received well over a million hits annually, though it will take time and effort to regain that stature. Work has continued off-line, but has until now been primarily related to developing automating scripts to ease the maintenance and improve the presentation of documents on the site. Substantive updating of content will commence, though it will be infrequent as updates at first will occur off-line and be posted periodically.LM (alias Ananse, ITM & ITLM, occasionally referred to by others as RA*) was started in July 1993 as an adjunct to a specialisation study on Private Law aspects of International Trade.

Disclaimer!
LM/ITLM's DISCLAIMER: Whilst we do make an effort to provide accurate material, this service is under construction and free. You are advised that you: USE OR RELY UPON THESE MATERIALS AT YOUR OWN RISK. No assurance or warranty is given as to the accuracy of any of the information provided here [or as to its being comprehensive or up to date]. You are advised to verify any information that is reproduced here against original documents.Please report any errors to Mail e-mail www@lexmercatoria.org

Further InformationTOC linked .html More on the Site and its HistoryFull Text .html Text presentations and Navigation* RA having been the name of the server on which the site at one time resided.1{ Lex Mercatoria
lexmercatoria.org
an ( international | transnational ) commercial law &
e-commerce infrastructure monitor
3{ Commercial Law Related
Chronological List
& Organizations4{~x.00-lm.chronological International Trade Instruments, Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules. A Reverse Chronological List
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Segment  International Trade Instruments, Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules. A Reverse Chronological List
4{~x.00-organizations International Organizations
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Segment  International Organizations
3{ Commercial Law Related
Subject Index4{~x.00-agency Agency
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Segment  Agency
See also
Segment  Sale of Goods
4{~x.00-applicable.law Applicable Law (Conflict of Laws / Proper Law)
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Segment  Applicable Law (Conflict of Laws / Proper Law)
See also
Segment  Contract Principles
Segment  Sale of Goods
4{~x.00-carriage.of.goods Carriage of Goods
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Segment  Carriage, Transport & Maritime General
See also
Segment  Marine Insurance
Segment  Sale of Goods
Segment  Contract Principles
4{~x.00-contract.principles Contract Principles
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Segment  Contract Principles
See also _1 Segment  Applicable Law
Segment  Sale of Goods
Segment  Dispute Settlement
Segment  International & Transnational Law
4{~x.00-customs Customs
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Segment  Customs
Segment  Customs
4{~x.00-dispute.settlement Dispute Settlement
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TOC linked .html Arbitration and other Dispute Settlement
See also
Segment  Applicable Law
Segment  Contract Principles
Segment  Jurisdiction and Enforcement
4{~x.00-electronic.commerce Electronic Commerce
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TOC linked .html Electronic Commerce
4{~x.00-insolvency Insolvency
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Segment  Insolvency
4{~x.00-insurance Insurance
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Segment  Insurance
See also
TOC linked .html Carriage of Goods
4{~x.00-intellectual.property Intellectual Property (protection of)
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Segment  Intellectual Property
4{~x.00-interpretation Interpretation of Legal Texts
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Segment  Interpretation of Legal Texts
4{~x.00-investment Investment
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Segment  Investment
4{~x.00-jurisdiction.and.enforcement Jurisdiction and Enforcement
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Segment  Jurisdiction and Enforcement
TOC linked .html Dispute Settlement - Arbitration4{~x.00-limitation.periods Limitation Periods in the International Sale of Goods
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Segment  Limitation Periods in the International Sale of Goods
See also
Segment  Sale of Goods
4{~x.00-payment.mechanisms.and.guarantees Payment Mechanisms and Guarantees
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Segment  Payment Mechanisms and Guarantees
See also
TOC linked .html Electronic Commerce.
4{~x.00-procedure.and.evidence Procedure and Evidence
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Segment  Procedure and Evidence
See also
Segment  Limitation Periods
4{~x.00-procurement Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services
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Segment  Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services
4{~x.00-sale.of.goods Sale of Goods
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Segment  Sale of Goods
See also
Segment  Contract Principles
Segment  Applicable Law
Segment  Agency
Segment  Limitation Periods
Segment  Carriage of Goods
Segment  Marine Insurance
Segment  Payment Mechanisms
4{~x.00-free.trade Treaties Related to Free Trade and or Economic Union
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TOC linked .html International Economic Law
See also
Segment  GATT and the World Trade Organization
Segment  Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI)
Segment  European Union (Maastricht)
Segment  North American Free Trade Agreement
Segment  International Trade Law
Segment  Customs
Segment  Trade Regulation and Corruption
Segment  Regional Groupings and Harmonizing Instruments
Segment  Investment
4{~x.00-other.harmonising.instruments Regional Groupings and Harmonizing Instruments
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Segment  Regional Groupings and Harmonizing Instruments
3{ Law Sites - Other Subject Areas4{~x.00-commercial.law Commercial Law
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Segment  Commercial Law
4{~x.00-information.technology.law Information Technology Law
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Segment  Information Technology Law
4{~x.00-international.law International & Transnational Law
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Segment  International & Transnational Law
4{~x.00-law.economics Law and Economics
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Segment  Law and Economics
4{~x.00-public.international.law Public International Law
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Segment  Public International Law
4{~x.00-law.politics Law and Politics
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Segment  Law and Politics
3{ Law Sites - Miscellany4{~x.00-influential.law.academic Some Influential Academic Law Sites on The Internet
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Segment  Some Influential Academic Law Sites on The Internet
4{~x.00-law.universities Law Universities and Academics
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Segment  Law Universities and Academics
4{~x.00-law.texts Law on The Internet - Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules and Forms
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Segment  Law on The Internet - Treaties, Conventions, Model Laws, Rules and Forms
4{~x.00-law.libraries.publishers Law Libraries, Publishers and Research Guides
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Segment  Law Libraries, Publishers and Research Guides
4{~x.00-law.journals Law Journals and Periodicals
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Segment  Law Journals and Periodicals
4{~x.00-law.firms.associations Law Firms and Associations
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Segment  Law Firms and Associations
4{~x.00-law.search.find.links Law Search and Find - Link Repositories, and Search Assistants
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Segment  Law Search and Find - Link Repositories, and Search Assistants
4{~x.00-law.compendium Law Sites Compendium
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TOC linked .html Law Sites
or
Segment  Law Sites Compendium
3{ Commerce Related Sites4{~x.00-finance.news Financial Papers & Business Magazines
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Segment  Financial Papers & Business Magazines
4{~x.00-accounting Accountancy and Auditing
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Segment  Accountancy and Auditing
4{~x.00-banking.links Banking
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Segment  Banking
4{~x.00-business.links Business
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Segment  Business
4{~x.00-corporate.information Companies, Corporate Information
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Segment  Companies, Corporate Information
4{~x.00-economics.links Economics Links
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Segment  Economics Links
4{~x.00-finance.links Finance Links
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Segment  Finance Links
4{~x.00-insurance.links Insurance Links
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Segment  Insurance Links
4{~x.00-international.affairs.links International Affairs Related Links
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Segment  International Affairs Related Links
4{~x.00-project.finance Project Finance
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Segment  Project Finance
4{~x.00-taxation Taxation
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Segment  Taxation
4{~x.00-trade.links Trade Related Links
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Segment  Trade Related Links
4{~x.00-transport.links Transport Related Links
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Segment  Transport Related Links
4{~x.00-development Development Issues
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Segment  Development Issues
4{~x.00-commerce.compendium Commerce Compendium
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TOC linked .html Commerce Related Sites
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Segment  Commerce Compendium
3{ Key Technologies4{~x.00-electronic.commerce.compendium Electronic Commerce Compendium
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4{~x.00-ai.fuzzy Expert Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Fuzzy Logic
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Segment  Expert Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Fuzzy Logic
4{~x.00-information.technology Information Technology Compendium
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Segment  Information Technology Compendium
3{ Miscellany4{~x.00-newspapers News Dailys and Periodicals
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Segment  News Dailys and Periodicals
4{~x.00-bookshops Bookshops
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Segment  Bookshops
4{~x.00-reference General Reference
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Segment  General Reference
4{~x.00-directories Directories
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Segment  Directories
4{~x.00-translation Translation
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Segment  Translation
4{~x.00-web.search Web Search
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Segment  LM Search and Web Searches
4{~x.00-misc.compendium Compendium of Miscellany
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Segment  Compendium of Miscellany
2{ Lex Mercatoria & International Trade/Commercial Law Monitor Information4{~x.00-objective Lex Mercatoria
Disclaimer, and History of the Site
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List Short Description of the site
List Our Disclaimer
List Further Information
TOC linked .html More on the Site and its History
Full Text .html Text presentations and Navigation

Objective
We have defined our objective broadly and generously as being:
"To investigate the potential of W3 as an information resource, with regard to legal research and education. This we plan to do taking a practical example, - focusing on international trade law as a limited and vitally important area of law that is of global interest". [This we shall pursue as far as we are able.]
This statement of "our objective" dates back to the project's conception in 1993. It ought now be moderated, but its spirit remains unaltered. Within this time span The Web has proven its worth, independently of any individual's efforts or investigations - its' creators apart.
"To explore, utilize and demonstrate the potential of the new IT mediums insofar as they pertain to our chosen subject area."
Towards greater: transparency; harmonization and unification; and uniformity of application - in international trade (law).The area of attention of Lex Mercatoria has expanded somewhat with the developments in use of the Net as they pertain to international commerce, a short description is attempted in the next section.

Short Description
Lex Mercatoria was begun in 1993 at the Law Faculty of the University of Troms? in Northern Norway. It was originally named Ananse and then the International Trade Law Monitor. It was the first legal website devoted to a particular subject area (admittedly a general and broad one) namely, international trade and commercial law. Lex Mercatoria provides the text of some of the more important treaties, conventions, model laws, rules aimed at harmonizing international trade/commerce, and sets of links to sites that are of interest for (the working of) international commerce. Lex Mercatoria has continued in its original spirit to grow its independent and egalitarian set of link collections in response to a continuous exploration of the use and implications of the Net for international commercial law, international commerce and publishing. Recognising the problems for information management resulting from the glut of information available on the web an attempt is made to organise and restrict the links provided to those that are likely to be most useful in the area targeted.Lex Mercatoria is particularly interested in uses made of the Net (both in international commercial law and in technology related to electronic commerce) for the provision and development of: open (and harmonizing) standards; and for readily available deep and accurate information.Apart from the Law Faculties of the University of Troms? and the University of Oslo which kindly hosts the site, Lex Mercatoria collaborates with: the Institute of International Commercial Law of Pace University School of Law, which provides the premier example of the Web being used by an academic institution to research and assist in the promulgation of a harmonizing standard for the international sale of goods through the building of the most comprehensive information available anywhere on the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG); and, the Australasian Legal Information Institute, which has become a legend for revolutionising legal publishing on a continent. We hope to see further positive developments result from our collaboration.Here are a number of attempts at describing the narrower and broader interest of this site:One of the very first law related WWW sites, and the first dedicated to a particular area of law, Lex Mercatoria (alias the International Trade Law Monitor ITLM (also referred to as ITL & ITM - & on occasion by others as RA*); originally named Ananse), run by Ralph Amissah, was originally hosted by the Law Faculty of the University of Tromso, Norway. Lex Mercatoria is kindly supported and hosted by the University of Troms? of Norway and by The Institute of International Commercial Law, Pace University of the USA, in a collaborative venture.Lex Mercatoria is dedicated to the provision of information on international commercial law with subsidiary interests in commerce and (mostly open standard) Net technologies that may be of interest to law academics and professionals worldwide. As such Lex Mercatoria provides information and links related to international commerce and trade law. The LM presents the full texts and where relevant country implementation details of several of the most important conventions and other documents used in international trade and commerce. These materials are presented by subject (e.g. free trade, sale of goods, transport, insurance, payment), chronologically, and has information pages on trade related organizations. LM also maintains extensive links to other sites related by the subject international commerce.The subsidiary interests result in a rather large scope of interest for which we try to keep a manageable set of links. Lex Mercatoria is interested in global commerce, both traditional and electronic, and in following the use made of the Web and Net for its promotion. It is interested in the legal and technological infrastructure that exists and that is being developed to facilitate global commerce (both traditional and electronic). More generally Lex Mercatoria is also interested in the means by which paper is replaced electronically in commerce and publishing. Lex Mercatoria is particularly interested in the use of Open Standards and in the availability of adequate information on matters related to the conduct of global commerce. As such interests include:• the infrastructure for global commerce more generally that which facilitates global commerce, such as
• uniform laws and rules for international commerce
• technological standards for electronic commerce
• enabling technologies for electronic commerce
• information technology useful to commerce and law
• trends related to publishing on the Net and in particular legal publishing
• open standard file formats
• alternative citation systems
• information management
• the use of open standardsThe site was supported by the Law Faculty of the University of Tromso until September 1997 after which it continued to be hosted by the Law Faculty of the University of Tromso but was updated off-line. The site went off the Net in March 1999 due to a critical hard disk failure. In 1996 the site already received well over a million hits annually, though it will take time and effort to regain that stature. Work has continued off-line, but has until now been primarily related to developing automating scripts to ease the maintenance and improve the presentation of documents on the site. Substantive updating of content will commence, though it will be infrequent as updates at first will occur off-line and be posted periodically.LM (alias Ananse, ITM & ITLM, occasionally referred to by others as RA*) was started in July 1993 as an adjunct to a specialisation study on Private Law aspects of International Trade.

Disclaimer!
LM/ITLM's DISCLAIMER: Whilst we do make an effort to provide accurate material, this service is under construction and free. You are advised that you: USE OR RELY UPON THESE MATERIALS AT YOUR OWN RISK. No assurance or warranty is given as to the accuracy of any of the information provided here [or as to its being comprehensive or up to date]. You are advised to verify any information that is reproduced here against original documents.Please report any errors to Mail e-mail www@lexmercatoria.org

Further Information
TOC linked .html More on the Site and its HistoryFull Text .html Text presentations and Navigation* RA having been the name of the server on which the site at one time resided.

LMLex Mercatoria
Section on LM; LM;
Full Text LM toc Full Text LM 20**

Lex Mercatoria -->  
 

 


Lex Mercatoria -->

( International Trade/Commercial Law & e-Commerce Monitor )

W3 since October 3 1993
1993 - 2008

started @The University of Tromsø, Norway
hosted by The University of Oslo, Norway
in fellowship with The Institute of International Commercial Law,
Pace University, White Plains, New York, U.S.A.

Disclaimer!

Ralph Amissah

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© Ralph Amissah

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