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United Nations Convention Against Corruption

Preamble

Chapter I - General provisions

Article 1 - Statement of purpose

Article 2 - Use of terms

Article 3 - Scope of application

Article 4 - Protection of sovereignty

Chapter II - Preventive measures

Article 5 - Preventive anti- corruption policies and practices

Article 6 - Preventive anti- corruption body or bodies

Article 7 - Public sector

Article 8 - Codes of con duct for public officials

Article 9 - Public procurement and management of public finances

Article 10 - Public reporting

Article 11 - Measures relating to the judiciary and prosecution services

Article 12 - Private sector

Article 13 - Participation of society

Article 14 - Measures to prevent money - laundering

Chapter III - Criminalization and law enforcement

Article 15 - Bribery of national public officials

Article 16 - Bribery of foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations

Article 17 - Embezzlement, misappropriation or other diversion of property by a public official

Article 18 - Trading in influence

Article 19 - Abuse of functions

Article 20 - Illicit enrichment

Article 21 - Bribery in the private sector

Article 22 - Embezzlement of property in the private sector

Article 23 - Laundering of proceeds of crime

Article 24 - Concealment

Article 25 - Obstruction of justice

Article 26 - Liability of legal persons

Article 27 - Participation and attempt

Article 28 - Knowledge, intent and purpose as elements of an offence

Article 29 - Statute of limitations

Article 30 - Prosecution, adjudication and sanctions

Article 31 - Freezing, seizure and confiscation

Article 32 - Protection of witnesses, experts and victims

Article 33 - Protection of reporting persons

Article 34 - Consequences of acts of corruption

Article 35 - Compensation for damage

Article 36 - Specialized authorities

Article 37 - Cooperation with law enforcement authorities

Article 38 - Cooperation between national authorities

Article 39 - Cooperation between national authorities and the private sector

Article 40 - Bank secrecy

Article 41 - Criminal record

Article 42 - Jurisdiction

Chapter IV - International cooperation

Article 43 - International cooperation

Article 44 - Extradition

Article 45 - Transfer of sentenced persons

Article 46 - Mutual legal assistance

Article 47 - Transfer of criminal proceedings

Article 48 - Law enforcement cooperation

Article 49 - Joint investigations

Article 50 - Special investigative techniques

Chapter V - Asset recovery

Article 51 - General provision

Article 52 - Prevention and detection of transfers of proceeds of crime

Article 53 - Measures for direct recovery of property

Article 54 - Mechanisms for recovery of property through international cooperation in confiscation

Article 55 - International cooperation for purposes of confiscation

Article 56 - Special cooperation

Article 57 - Return and disposal of assets

Article 58 - Financial intelligence unit

Article 59 - Bilateral and multilateral agreements and arrangements

Chapter VI - Technical assistance and information exchange

Article 60 - Training and technical assistance

Article 61 - Collection, exchange and analysis of information on corruption

Article 62 - Other measures: implementation of the Convention through economic development and technical assistance

Chapter VII - Mechanisms for implementation

Article 63 - Conference of the States Parties to the Convention

Article 64 - Secretariat

Chapter VIII - Final provisions

Article 65 - Implementation of the Convention

Article 66 - Settlement of disputes

Article 67 - Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession

Article 68 - Entry into force

Article 69 - Amendment

Article 70 - Denunciation

Article 71 - Depositary and languages

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention Against Corruption, 2003

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

United Nations Convention Against Corruption

Chapter III - Criminalization and law enforcement

Article 23 - Laundering of proceeds of crime

1. Each State Party shall adopt, in accordance with fundamental principles of its domestic law, such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to establish as criminal offences, when committed intentionally:

(a) (i) The conversion or transfer of property, knowing that such property is the proceeds of crime, for the purpose of concealing or disguising the illicit origin of the property or of helping any person who is involved in the commission of the predicate offence to evade the legal consequences of his or her action;

(ii) The concealment or disguise of the true nature, source, location, disposition, movement or ownership of or rights with respect to property, knowing that such property is the proceeds of crime;

(b) Subject to the basic concepts of its legal system:

(i) The acquisition, possession or use of property, knowing, at the time of receipt, that such property is the proceeds of crime;

(ii) Participation in, association with or conspiracy to commit, attempts to commit and aiding, abetting, facilitating and counselling the commission of any of the offences established in accordance with this article.

2. For purposes of implementing or applying paragraph 1 of this article:

(a) Each State Party shall seek to apply paragraph 1 of this article to the widest range of predicate offences;

(b) Each State Party shall include as predicate offences at a minimum a comprehensive range of criminal offences established in accordance with this Convention;

(c) For the purposes of subparagraph (b) above, predicate offences shall include offences committed both within and outside the jurisdiction of the State Party in question. However, offences committed outside the jurisdiction of a State Party shall constitute predicate offences only when the relevant conduct is a criminal offence under the domestic law of the State where it is committed and would be a criminal offence under the domestic law of the State Party implementing or applying this article had it been committed there;

(d) Each State Party shall furnish copies of its laws that give effect to this article and of any subsequent changes to such laws or a description thereof to the Secretary- General of the United Nations;

(e) If required by fundamental principles of the domestic law of a State Party, it may be provided that the offences set forth in paragraph 1 of this article do not apply to the persons who committed the predicate offence.


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