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United Nations Convention Against Corruption

Preamble

Chapter I - General provisions

Article 1 - Statement of purpose

Article 2 - Use of terms

Article 3 - Scope of application

Article 4 - Protection of sovereignty

Chapter II - Preventive measures

Article 5 - Preventive anti- corruption policies and practices

Article 6 - Preventive anti- corruption body or bodies

Article 7 - Public sector

Article 8 - Codes of con duct for public officials

Article 9 - Public procurement and management of public finances

Article 10 - Public reporting

Article 11 - Measures relating to the judiciary and prosecution services

Article 12 - Private sector

Article 13 - Participation of society

Article 14 - Measures to prevent money - laundering

Chapter III - Criminalization and law enforcement

Article 15 - Bribery of national public officials

Article 16 - Bribery of foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations

Article 17 - Embezzlement, misappropriation or other diversion of property by a public official

Article 18 - Trading in influence

Article 19 - Abuse of functions

Article 20 - Illicit enrichment

Article 21 - Bribery in the private sector

Article 22 - Embezzlement of property in the private sector

Article 23 - Laundering of proceeds of crime

Article 24 - Concealment

Article 25 - Obstruction of justice

Article 26 - Liability of legal persons

Article 27 - Participation and attempt

Article 28 - Knowledge, intent and purpose as elements of an offence

Article 29 - Statute of limitations

Article 30 - Prosecution, adjudication and sanctions

Article 31 - Freezing, seizure and confiscation

Article 32 - Protection of witnesses, experts and victims

Article 33 - Protection of reporting persons

Article 34 - Consequences of acts of corruption

Article 35 - Compensation for damage

Article 36 - Specialized authorities

Article 37 - Cooperation with law enforcement authorities

Article 38 - Cooperation between national authorities

Article 39 - Cooperation between national authorities and the private sector

Article 40 - Bank secrecy

Article 41 - Criminal record

Article 42 - Jurisdiction

Chapter IV - International cooperation

Article 43 - International cooperation

Article 44 - Extradition

Article 45 - Transfer of sentenced persons

Article 46 - Mutual legal assistance

Article 47 - Transfer of criminal proceedings

Article 48 - Law enforcement cooperation

Article 49 - Joint investigations

Article 50 - Special investigative techniques

Chapter V - Asset recovery

Article 51 - General provision

Article 52 - Prevention and detection of transfers of proceeds of crime

Article 53 - Measures for direct recovery of property

Article 54 - Mechanisms for recovery of property through international cooperation in confiscation

Article 55 - International cooperation for purposes of confiscation

Article 56 - Special cooperation

Article 57 - Return and disposal of assets

Article 58 - Financial intelligence unit

Article 59 - Bilateral and multilateral agreements and arrangements

Chapter VI - Technical assistance and information exchange

Article 60 - Training and technical assistance

Article 61 - Collection, exchange and analysis of information on corruption

Article 62 - Other measures: implementation of the Convention through economic development and technical assistance

Chapter VII - Mechanisms for implementation

Article 63 - Conference of the States Parties to the Convention

Article 64 - Secretariat

Chapter VIII - Final provisions

Article 65 - Implementation of the Convention

Article 66 - Settlement of disputes

Article 67 - Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession

Article 68 - Entry into force

Article 69 - Amendment

Article 70 - Denunciation

Article 71 - Depositary and languages

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention Against Corruption, 2003

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

United Nations Convention Against Corruption

Preamble

The States Parties to this Convention,

Concerned about the seriousness of problems and threats posed by corruption to the stability and security of societies, undermining the institutions and values of democracy, ethical values and justice and jeopardizing sustainable development and the rule of law,

Concerned also about the links between corruption and other forms of crime, in particular organized crime and economic crime, including money - laundering,

Concerned further about cases of corruption that involve vast quantities of assets, which may constitute a substantial proportion of the resources of States, and that threaten the political stability and sustainable development of those States,

Convinced that corruption is no longer a local matter but a transnational phenomenon that affects all societies and economies, making international cooperation to prevent and control it essential,

Convinced also that a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approach is required to prevent and combat corruption effectively,

Convinced further that the availability of technical assistance can play an important role in enhancing the ability of States, including by strengthening capacity and by institution- building, to prevent and combat corruption effectively,

Convinced that the illicit acquisition of personal wealth can be particularly damaging to democratic institutions, national economies and the rule of law,

Determined to prevent, detect and deter in a more effective manner international transfers of illicitly acquired assets and to strengthen international cooperation in asset recovery,

Acknowledging the fundamental principles of due process of law in criminal proceedings and in civil or administrative proceedings to adjudicate property rights,

Bearing in mind that the prevention and eradication of corruption is a responsibility of all States and that they must cooperate with one another, with the support and involvement of individuals and groups outside the public sector, such as civil society, non- governmental organizations and community- based organizations, if their efforts in this area are to be effective,

Bearing also in mind the principles of proper management of public affairs and public property, fairness, responsibility and equality before the law and the need to safeguard integrity and to foster a culture of rejection of corruption,

Commending the work of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in preventing and combating corruption,

Recalling the work carried out by other international and regional organizations in this field, including the activities of the African Union, the Council of Europe, the Customs Cooperation Council (also known as the World Customs Organization), the European Union, the League of Arab States, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Organization of American States,

Taking note with appreciation of multilateral instruments to prevent and combat corruption, including, inter alia, the Inter - American Convention against Corruption, adopted by the Organization of American States on 29 March 1996, the Convention on the Fight against Corruption involving Officials of the European Communities or Officials of Member States of the European Union, adopted by the Council of the European Union on 26 May 1997, the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions, adopted by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development on 21 November 1997, the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 27 January 1999, the Civil Law Convention on Corruption, adopted by the Commit tee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 4 November 1999, and the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, adopted by the Heads of State and Government of the African Union on 12 July 2003,

Welcoming the entry into force on 29 September 2003 of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime,

Have agreed as follows:


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