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UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985) (as adopted by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on 21 June 1985)

CHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 - Scope of application  1 

Article 2 - Definitions and rules of interpretation

Article 3 - Receipt of written communications

Article 4 - Waiver of right to object

Article 5 - Extent of court intervention

Article 6 - Court or other authority for certain functions of arbitration assistance and supervision

CHAPTER II - ARBITRATION AGREEMENT

Article 7 - Definition and form of arbitration agreement

Article 8 - Arbitration agreement and substantive claim before court

Article 9 - Arbitration agreement and interim measures by court

CHAPTER III - COMPOSITION OF ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL

Article 10 - Number of arbitrators

Article 11 - Appointment of arbitrators

Article 12 - Grounds for challenge

Article 13 - Challenge procedure

Article 14 - Failure or impossibility to act

Article 15 - Appointment of substitute arbitrator

CHAPTER IV - JURISDICTION OF ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL

Article 16 - Competence of arbitral tribunal to rule on its jurisdiction

Article 17 - Power of arbitral tribunal to order interim measures

CHAPTER V - CONDUCT OF ARBITRAL PROCEEDINGS

Article 18 - Equal treatment of parties

Article 19 - Determination of rules of procedure

Article 20 - Place of arbitration

Article 21 - Commencement of arbitral proceedings

Article 22 - Language

Article 23 - Statements of claim and defence

Article 24 - Hearings and written proceedings

Article 25 - Default of a party

Article 26 - Expert appointed by arbitral tribunal

Article 27 - Court assistance in taking evidence

CHAPTER VI - MAKING OF AWARD AND TERMINATION OF PROCEEDINGS

Article 28 - Rules applicable to substance of dispute

Article 29 - Decision-making by panel of arbitrators

Article 30 - Settlement

Article 31 - Form and contents of award

Article 32 - Termination of proceedings

Article 33 - Correction of interpretation of award; additional award

CHAPTER VII - RECOURSE AGAINST AWARD

Article 34 - Application for setting aside as exclusive recourse against arbitral award

CHAPTER VIII - RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT OF AWARDS

Article 35 - Recognition and enforcement

Article 36 - Grounds for refusing recognition or enforcement

Endnotes

Endnotes

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985)

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985) (as adopted by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on 21 June 1985)

CHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 - Scope of application  1 

1. This Law applies to international commercial  2  arbitration, subject to any agreement in force between this State and any other State or States.

2. The provisions of this Law, except articles 8, 9, 35 and 36, apply only if the place of arbitration is in the territory of this State.

3. An arbitration is international if:

(a) the parties to an arbitration agreement have, at the time of the conclusion of that agreement, their places of business in different States; or

(b) one of the following places is situated outside the State in which the parties have their places of business:

(i) the place of arbitration if determined in, or pursuant to, the arbitration agreement;

(ii) any place where a substantial part of the obligations of the commercial relationship is to be performed or the place with which the subject-matter of the dispute is most closely connected; or

(c) the parties have expressly agreed that the subject-matter of the arbitration agreement relates to more than one country.

4. For the purposes of paragraph (3) of this article:

(a) if a party has more than one place of business, the place of business is that which has the closest relationship to the arbitration agreement;

(b) if a party does not have a place of business, reference is to be made to his habitual residence.

5. This Law shall not affect any other law of this State by virtue of which certain disputes may not be submitted to arbitration or may be submitted to arbitration only according to provisions other than those of this Law.

construction of works; consulting; engineering licensing; investment; financing; banking; insurance; exploitation agreement or concession; joint venture and other forms of industrial or business co-operation; carriage of goods or passengers by air, sea, rail or road.


 1. Article headings are for reference purposes only and are not to be used for purposes of interpretation.

 2. The term "commercial" should be given a wide interpretation so as to cover matters arising from all relationships of a commercial nature, whether contractual or not. Relationships of a commercial nature include, but are not limited to, the following transactions: any trade transaction for the supply or exchange of goods or services; distribution agreement; commercial representation or agency; factoring; leasing;


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