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UNCITRAL Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes, 1988

CHAPTER I. - Sphere Of Application And Form Of The Instrument

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

CHAPTER II. - Interpretation

Section 1. - General provisions

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Section 2. - Interpretation of formal requirements

Article 7

Article 8

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

Section 3. - Completion of an incomplete instrument

Article 12

CHAPTER III. - Transfer

Article 13

Article 14

Article 15

Article 16

Article 17

Article 18

Article 19

Article 20

Article 21

Article 22

Article 23

Article 24

Article 25

Article 26

CHAPTER IV. - Rights And Liabilities

Section 1. - The rights of a holder and of a protected holder

Article 27

Article 28

Article 29

Article `30

Article `31

Article `32

Section `2. - Liabilities of the parties

A. - General provisions

Article `33

Article `34

Article `35

Article `36

Article `37

B. - The drawer

Article `38

C. - The maker

Article `39

D. - The drawee and the acceptor

Article `40

Article `41

Article `42

Article `43

E. - The endorser

Article `44

F. - The transferor by endorsement or by mere delivery

Article `45

G. - The guarantor

Article `46

Article `47

Article `48

CHAPTER `V. - Presentment, Dishonour By Non-Acceptance Or Non-Payment, And Recourse

Section `1. - Presentment for acceptance and dishonour by non-acceptance

Article `49

Article `50

Article `51

Article `52

Article `53

Article `54

Section `2. - Presentment for payment and dishonour by non-payment

Article `55

Article `56

Article `57

Article `58

Section `3. - Recourse

Article `59

A. - Protest

Article 60

Article 61

Article 62

Article 63

B. - Notice of dishonour

Article 64

Article 65

Article 66

Article 67

Article 68

Section 4. - Amount payable

Article 69

Article 70

Article 71

CHAPTER VI. - Discharge

Section 1. - Discharge by payment

Article 72

Article 73

Article 74

Article 75

Article 76

Section 2. - Discharge of other parties

Article 77

CHAPTER VII. - Lost Instruments

Article 78

Article 79

Article 80

Article 81

Article 82

Article 83

CHAPTER VIII. - Limitation (Prescription)

Article 84

CHAPTER IX. - Final Provisions

Article 85

Article 86

Article 87

Article 88

Article 89

Article 90

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Annex - Explanatory Note by the UNCITRAL Secretariat on the United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes *[NOTE]

Introduction

A. - Background To The Convention

B. - Salient Features Of The Convention

1. Scope of application and form of the instrument

2. Interpretation of the Convention

3. The concepts of "holder" and "protected holder"

4. Transfer warranties

5. Guarantees and avals

6. Other novel provisions of practical importance

7. Final clauses

Notes

*[NOTE]

Endnotes

Endnotes

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

UNCITRAL Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes, 1988

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

CHAPTER `V. - Presentment, Dishonour By Non-Acceptance Or Non-Payment, And Recourse

Section 4. - Amount payable

Article 70

1. The holder may recover from any party liable:

(a) At maturity: the amount of the instrument with interest, if interest has been stipulated for;

(b) After maturity:

(i) The amount of the instrument with interest, if interest has been stipulated for, to the date of maturity;

(ii) If interest has been stipulated to be paid after maturity, interest at the rate stipulated, or, in the absence of such stipulation, interest at the rate specified in paragraph`2 of this article, calculated from the date of presentment on the sum specified in subparagraph`(b) (i) of this paragraph;

(iii) Any expenses of protest and of the notices given by him;

(c) Before maturity:

(i) The amount of the instrument with interest, if interest has been stipulated for, to the date of payment; or, if no interest has been stipulated for, subject to a discount from the date of payment to the date of maturity, calculated in accordance with paragraph`4 of this article;

(ii) Any expenses of protest and of the notices given by him.

2. The rate of interest shall be the rate that would be recoverable in legal proceedings taken in the jurisdiction where the instrument is payable.

3. Nothing in paragraph`2 of this article prevents a court from awarding damages or compensation for additional loss caused to the holder by reason of delay in payment.

4. The discount shall be at the official rate (discount rate) or other similar appropriate rate effective on the date when recourse is exercised at the place where the holder has his principal place of business, or, if he does not have a place of business, his habitual residence, or, if there is no such rate, then at such rate as is reasonable in the circumstances.


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