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Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) (1978 - the CMR Convention of Geneva, 19 May 1956 as amended by the CMR Protocol of Geneva, 5 July, 1978)

Preamble

[Preamble]

Chapter 1 - Scope of Application

Article 1

Article 2

Chapter II - Persons for whom the Carrier is Responsible

Article 3

Chapter III - Conclusion and Performance of the Contract of Carriage

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

Article 12

Article 13

Article 14

Article 15

Article 16

Chapter IV - Liability of the Carrier

Article 17

Article 18

Article 19

Article 20

Article 21

Article 22

Article 23

Article 24

Article 25

Article 26

Article 27

Article 28

Article 29

Chapter V - Claims and Actions

Article 30

Article 31

Article 32

Article 33

Chapter VI - Provisions Relating to Carriage Performed by Successive Carriers

Article 34

Article 35

Article 36

Article 37

Article 38

Article 39

Article 40

Chapter VII - Nullity of Stipulation to the Convention

Article 41

Chapter VIII - Final Provisions

Article 42

Article 43

Article 44

Article 45

Article 46

Article 47

Article 48

Article 49

Article 50

Article 51

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) (1978 - Geneva, 19 May 1956 as amended by Protocol to the CMR, Geneva, 5 July, 1978)

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) (1978 - the CMR Convention of Geneva, 19 May 1956 as amended by the CMR Protocol of Geneva, 5 July, 1978)

Preamble

Chapter IV - Liability of the Carrier

Article 18

1. The burden of proving that loss, damage or delay was due to one of the specified in article 17, paragraph 2, shall rest upon the carrier.

2. When the carrier establishes that in the circumstances of the case, the loss damage could be attributed to one or more of the special risks referred to in article 17, paragraph 4, it shall be presumed that it was so caused. The claimant shall, however, be entitled to prove that the loss or damage was not, in fact, attributable either wholly or partly to one of these risks.

3. This presumption shall not apply in the circumstances set out in article 17, paragraph 4 (a), if there has been an abnormal shortage, or a loss of any package.

4. If the carriage is performed in vehicles specially equipped to protect the goods from the effects of heat, cold, variations in temperature or the humidity of the air, the carrier shall not be entitled to claim the benefit of article 17, paragraph 4 (d), unless he proves that all steps incumbent on him in the circumstances with respect to the choice, maintenance and use of such equipment were taken and that he complied with any special instructions issued to him.

5. The carrier shall not be entitled to claim the benefit of article 17, paragraph 4 (f), unless he proves that all steps normally incumbent on him in the circumstances were taken and that he complied with any special instructions issued to him.


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