Status of UNCITRAL Conventions and Model Laws
United Nations (UN)
copy @ Lex Mercatoria
|State||Signature||Method||Entry into force|
|Argentina 1/||-||19 July 1983 a/||1 January 1988|
|Australia||-||17 March 1988 a/||1 April 1989|
|Austria||11 April 1980||29 December 1987||1 January 1989|
|Belarus 1/||-||9 October 1989 a/||1 November 1990|
|Belgium||-||31 October 1996 a/||1 November 1997|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||-||12 January 1994 d/||6 March 1992|
|Bulgaria||-||9 July 1990 a/||1 August 1991|
|Burundi||-||4 September 1998 a/||1 October 1999|
|Canada 2/||-||23 April 1991 a/||1 May 1992|
|Chile 1/||11 April 1980||7 February 1990||1 March 1991|
|China 3/||30 September 1981||11 December 1986 AA/||1 January 1988|
|Colombia||-||10 July 2001 a/||1 August 2002|
|Croatia 8/||-||8 June 1998 d/||8 October 1991|
|Cuba||-||2 November 1994 a/||1 December 1995|
|Cyprus||-||7 March 2005 a||1 April 2006|
|Czech Republic a/ 7/||-||30 September 1993 d/||1 January 1993|
|Denmark 4/||26 May 1981||14 February 1989||1 March 1990|
|Ecuador||-||27 January 1992 a/||1 February 1993|
|Egypt||-||6 December 1982 a/||1 January 1988|
|Estonia 1/||-||20 September 1993 a/||1 October 1994|
|Finland 4/||26 May 1981||15 December 1987||1 January 1989|
|France||27 August 1981||6 August 1982 AA/||1 January 1988|
|Gabon||-||15 December 2004 a||1 January 2006|
|Georgia||-||16 August 1994 a/||1 September 1995|
|Germany b/ 5/||26 May 1981||21 December 1989||1 January 1991|
|Ghana||11 April 1980||-||-|
|Greece||-||12 January 1998 a/||1 February 1999|
|Guinea||-||23 January 1991 a/||1 February 1992|
|Honduras||-||10 October 2002 a/||1 November 2003|
|Hungary 1/ 6/||22 April 1980||16 June 1983||1 January 1988|
|Iceland||-||10 May 2001 a/||1 June 2002|
|Iraq||-||5 March 1990 a/||1 April 1991|
|Israel||-||22 January 2002 a/||1 February 2003|
|Italy||30 September 1981||11 December 1986||1 January 1988|
|Kyrgyzstan||-||11 May 1999 a/||1 June 2000|
|Latvia 1/||-||31 July 1997 a/||1 August 1998|
|Lesotho||18 June 1981||18 June 1981||1 January 1988|
|Lithuania 1/||-||18 January 1995 a/||1 February 1996|
|Luxembourg||-||30 January 1997 a/||1 February 1998|
|Mauritania||-||20 August 1999 a/||1 September 2000|
|Mexico||-||29 December 1987 a/||1 January 1989|
|Moldova||-||13 October 1994 a/||1 November 1995|
|Mongolia||-||31 December 1997 a/||1 January 1999|
|Netherlands||29 May 1981||13 December 1990 A/||1 January 1992|
|New Zealand||-||22 September 1994 a/||1 October 1995|
|Norway 4/||26 May 1981||20 July 1988||1 August 1989|
|Peru||-||25 March 1999 a/||1 April 2000|
|Poland||28 September 1981||19 May 1995||1 June 1996|
|Republic of Korea||-||17 February 2004 a||1 March 2005|
|Romania||-||22 May 1991 a/||1 June 1992|
|Russian Federation c/ 1/||-||16 August 1990 a/||1 September 1991|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7/||-||12 September 2001 a/||1 October 2001|
|Singapore 7/||11 April 1980||16 February 1995||1 March 1996|
|Slovakia a/ 7/||-||28 May 1993 d/||1 January 1993|
|Slovenia||-||7 January 1994 d/||25 June 1991|
|Spain||-||24 July 1990 a/||1 August 1991|
|Sweden 4/||26 May 1981||15 December 1987||1 January 1989|
|Switzerland||-||21 February 1990 a/||1 March 1991|
|Syrian Arab Republic||-||19 October 1982 a/||1 January 1988|
|Uganda||-||12 February 1992 a/||1 March 1993|
|Ukraine 1/||-||3 January 1990 a/||1 February 1991|
|United States of America 7/||31 August 1981||11 December 1986||1 January 1988|
|Uruguay||-||25 January 1999 a/||1 February 2000|
|Uzbekistan||-||27 November 1996 a/||1 December 1997|
|Venezuela||28 September 1981||-||-|
|Yugoslavia d/||-||12 March 2001 d/||27 April 1992 d/|
|Zambia||-||6 June 1986 a/||1 January 1988|
a/ The Convention was signed by the former Czechoslovakia on 1 September 1981 and an instrument of ratification was deposited on 5 March 1990, with the Convention entering into force for the former Czechoslovakia on 1 April 1991. 7/ On 28 May 1993 Slovakia, and on 30 September 1993 the Czech Republic, deposited instruments of succession, with effect from 1 January 1993, the date of succession of States.
b/ The Convention was signed by the former German Democratic Republic on 13 August 1981, ratified on 23 February 1989 and entered into force on 1 March 1990.
c/ The Russian Federation continues, as from 24 December 1991, the membership of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in the United Nations and maintains, as from that date, full responsibility for all the rights and obligations of the USSR under the Charter of the United Nations and multilateral treaties deposited with the Secretary-General.
d/ The former Yugoslavia had signed and ratified the Convention on 11 April 1980 and 27 March 1985, respectively. Reference C.N.254.2001.TREATIES-1 (Depositary Notification) regarding Yugoslavia: Succession, states: "The Secratary-General of the United Nations, acting his capacity as a depositary, communicates the following: The above action was effected on 12 March 2001. The Convention became effective for Yugoslavia on 27 April 1992, the date of State succession."
1/ Upon ratifying, or acceding to, the Convention, Argentina, Belarus, Chile, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine and USSR declared, in accordance with articles 12 and 96 of the Convention, that any provision of article 11, article 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, would not apply where any party had his place of business in their respective States.
2/ Upon accession, Canada declared that, in accordance with article 93 of the Convention, the Convention will extend to Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island and the Northwest Territories.(Upon accession, Canada declared that, in accordance with article 95 of the Convention, with respect to British Columbia, it will not be bound by article 1(1)(b) of the Convention. In a notification received on 31 July 1992, Canada withdrew that declaration.) In a declaration received on 9 April 1992, Canada extended the application of the Convention to Quebec and Saskatchewan. In a notification received on 29 June 1992, Canada extended the application of the Convention to Yukon Territory. In a notification received on 18 June 2003, Canada extended the application of the Convention to the Territory of Nunavut.
3/ Upon approving the Convention, the People's Republic of China declared that it did not consider itself bound by sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph (1) of article 1 and article 11 as well as the provisions in the Convention relating to the content of article 11.
4/ Upon ratifying the Convention, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden declared in accordance with article 92(1) that they would not be bound by Part II of the Convention (Formation of the Contract). Upon ratifying the Convention, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden declared, pursuant to article 94(1) and 94(2), that the Convention would not apply to contracts of sale where the parties have their places of business in Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Iceland or Norway.
5/ Upon ratifying the Convention, Germany declared that it would not apply article 1(1)(b) in respect of any State that had made a declaration that that State would not apply article 1(1)(b).
6/ Upon ratifying the Convention, Hungary declared that it considered the General Conditions of Delivery of Goods between Organizations of the Member Countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance to be subject to the provisions of article 90 of the Convention.
7/ Upon ratifying the Convention, Czechoslovakia, Singapore and the United States of America declared that they would not be bound by paragraph (1)(b) of article 1.
8/ Upon succeeding to the Convention, the Republic of Croatia has decided, on the basis of the Constitutional Decision on Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia of 25 June 1991, and the Decision of the Croatian Parliament of 8 October 1991, and by virtue of succession of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in respect of the territory of the Republic of Croatia, to be considered a party to the Convention with effect as from 8 October 1991, the date on which the Republic of Croatia severed all constitutional and legal connections with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and took over its international obligations.