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UNCITRAL Model Law On International Credit Transfers, 1992


Article 1 - Sphere of application  2 

Article 2 - Definitions

Article 3 - Conditional instructions

Article 4 - Variation by agreement


Article 5 - Obligations of sender

Article 6 - Payment to receiving bank

Article 7 - Acceptance or rejection of a payment order by receiving bank other than the beneficiary's bank

Article 8 - Obligations of receiving bank other than the beneficiary's bank

Article 9 - Acceptance or rejection of a payment order by beneficiary's bank

Article 10 - Obligations of beneficiary's bank

Article 11 - Time for receiving bank to execute payment order and give notices

Article 12 - Revocation


Article 13 - Assistance

Article 14 - Refund

Article 15 - Correction of underpayment

Article 16 - Restitution of overpayment

Article 17 - Liability for interest

Article 18 - Exclusivity of remedies


Article 19 - Completion of credit transfer  3 

Explanatory Note by the UNCITRAL Secretariat on the Model Law on International Credit Transfers  4 


A. Funds Transfers In General

B. Unification of the Law

C. Scope of Application

1. Categories of transactions covered by Model Law

2. Portions of an international credit transfer

D. Extent to which Model Law is Mandatory

E. Salient Features of the Model Law

1. Obligations of sender of payment order

2. Sender's payment to receiving bank

3. Obligations of receiving bank

4. Bank's liability for failure to perform one of its obligations

5. Completion of credit transfer and its consequences




SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

UNCITRAL Model Law On International Credit Transfers, 1992

United Nations (UN)

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UNCITRAL Model Law On International Credit Transfers, 1992


Article 2 - Definitions

For the purposes of this law:

(a) "Credit transfer" means the series of operations, beginning with the originator's payment order, made for the purpose of placing funds at the disposal of a beneficiary. The term includes any payment order issued by the originator's bank or any intermediary bank intended to carry out the originator's payment order. A payment order issued for the purpose of effecting payment for such an order is considered to be part of a different credit transfer;

(b) "Payment order" means an unconditional instruction, in any form, by a sender to a receiving bank to place at the disposal of a beneficiary a fixed or determinable amount of money if

(i) the receiving bank is to be reimbursed by debiting an account of, or otherwise receiving payment from, the sender, and

(ii) the instruction does not provide that payment is to be made at the request of the beneficiary.

Nothing in this paragraph prevents an instruction from being a payment order merely because it directs the beneficiary's bank to hold, until the beneficiary requests payment, funds for a beneficiary that does not maintain an account with it;

(c) "Originator" means the issuer of the first payment order in a credit transfer;

(d) "Beneficiary" means the person designated in the originator's payment order to receive funds as a result of the credit transfer;

(e) "Sender" means the person who issues a payment order, including the originator and any sending bank;

(f) "Receiving bank" means a bank that receives a payment order;

(g) "Intermediary bank" means any receiving bank other than the originator's bank and the beneficiary's bank;

(h) "Funds" or "money" includes credit in an account kept by a bank and includes credit denominated in a monetary unit of account that is established by an intergovernmental institution or by agreement of two or more States, provided that this law shall apply without prejudice to the rules of the intergovernmental institution or the stipulations of the agreement;

(i) "Authentication" means a procedure established by agreement to determine whether a payment order or an amendment or revocation of a payment order was issued by the person indicated as the sender;

(j) "Banking day" means that part of a day during which the bank performs the type of action in question;

(k) "Execution period" means the period of one or two days beginning on the first day that a payment order may be executed under article 11(1) and ending on the last day on which it may be executed under that article;

(l) "Execution", in so far as it applies to a receiving bank other than the beneficiary's bank, means the issue of a payment order intended to carry out the payment order received by the receiving bank;

(m) "Interest" means the time value of the funds or money involved, which, unless otherwise agreed, is calculated at the rate and on the basis customarily accepted by the banking community for the funds or money involved.

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