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United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
(The Hamburg Rules) Hamburg, 30 March 1978

[Preamble]

PART I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 - Definitions

Article 2 - Scope of application

Article 3 - Interpretation of the Convention

PART II - LIABILITY OF THE CARRIER

Article 4 - Period of responsibility

Article 5 - Basis of liability

Article 6 - Limits of liability

Article 7 - Application to non-contractual claims

Article 8 - Loss of right to limit responsibility

Article 9 - Deck cargo

Article 10 - Liability of the carrier and actual carrier

Article 11- Through carriage

PART III - LIABILITY OF THE SHIPPER

Article 12- General rule

Article 13 - Special rules on dangerous goods

PART IV - TRANSPORT DOCUMENTS

Article 14 - Issue of bill of lading

Article 15- Contents of bill of lading

Article 16 - Bills of lading: reservations and evidentiary effect

Article 17 - Guarantees by the shipper

Article 18 - Documents other than bills of lading

PART V - CLAIMS AND ACTIONS

Article 19 - Notice of loss, damage or delay

Article 20 - Limitation of actions

Article 21 - Jurisdiction

Article 22 - Arbitration

PART VI - SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

Article 23 - Contractual stipulations

Article 24 - General average

Article 25 - Other conventions

Article 26 - Unit of account

PART VII - FINAL CLAUSES

Article 27- Depositary

Article 28 - Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval, accession

Article 29- Reservations

Article 30 - Entry into force

Article 31- Denunciation of other conventions

Article 32 - Revision and amendment

Article 33 - Revision of the limitation amounts and unit of account or monetary unit

Article 34 - Denunciation

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (The Hamburg Rules) Hamburg, 30 March 1978

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

PART IV - TRANSPORT DOCUMENTS

Article 16 - Bills of lading: reservations and evidentiary effect

1. If the bill of lading contains particulars concerning the general nature, leading marks, number of packages or pieces, weight or quantity of the goods which the carrier or other person issuing the bill of lading on his behalf knows or has reasonable grounds to suspect do not accurately represent the goods actually taken over or, where a "shipped" bill of lading is issued, loaded, or if he had no reasonable means of checking such particulars, the carrier or such other person must insert in the bill of lading a reservation specifying these inaccuracies, grounds of suspicion or the absence of reasonable means of checking.

2. If the carrier or other person issuing the bill of lading on his behalf fails to note on the bill of lading the apparent condition of the goods, he is deemed to have noted on the bill of lading that the goods were in apparent good condition.

3. Except for particulars in respect of which and to the extent to which a reservation permitted under paragraph 1 of thisArticle has been entered:

(a) The bill of lading is prima facie evidence of the taking over or, where a "shipped" bill of lading is issued, loading, by the carrier of the goods as described in the bill of lading; and

(b) Proof to the contrary by the carrier is not admissible if the bill of lading has been transferred to a third party, including a consignee, who in good faith has acted in reliance on the description of the goods therein.

4. A bill of lading which does not, as provided in paragraph 1, subparagraph (h) ofArticle 15, set forth the freight or otherwise indicate that freight is payable by the consignee or does not set forth demurrage incurred at the port of loading payable by the consignee, is prima facie evidence that no freight or such demurrage is payable by him. However, proof to the contrary by the carrier is not admissible when the bill of lading has been transferred to a third party, including a consignee, who in good faith has acted in reliance on the absence in the bill of lading of any such indication.


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