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United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
(The Hamburg Rules) Hamburg, 30 March 1978

[Preamble]

PART I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 - Definitions

Article 2 - Scope of application

Article 3 - Interpretation of the Convention

PART II - LIABILITY OF THE CARRIER

Article 4 - Period of responsibility

Article 5 - Basis of liability

Article 6 - Limits of liability

Article 7 - Application to non-contractual claims

Article 8 - Loss of right to limit responsibility

Article 9 - Deck cargo

Article 10 - Liability of the carrier and actual carrier

Article 11- Through carriage

PART III - LIABILITY OF THE SHIPPER

Article 12- General rule

Article 13 - Special rules on dangerous goods

PART IV - TRANSPORT DOCUMENTS

Article 14 - Issue of bill of lading

Article 15- Contents of bill of lading

Article 16 - Bills of lading: reservations and evidentiary effect

Article 17 - Guarantees by the shipper

Article 18 - Documents other than bills of lading

PART V - CLAIMS AND ACTIONS

Article 19 - Notice of loss, damage or delay

Article 20 - Limitation of actions

Article 21 - Jurisdiction

Article 22 - Arbitration

PART VI - SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

Article 23 - Contractual stipulations

Article 24 - General average

Article 25 - Other conventions

Article 26 - Unit of account

PART VII - FINAL CLAUSES

Article 27- Depositary

Article 28 - Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval, accession

Article 29- Reservations

Article 30 - Entry into force

Article 31- Denunciation of other conventions

Article 32 - Revision and amendment

Article 33 - Revision of the limitation amounts and unit of account or monetary unit

Article 34 - Denunciation

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (The Hamburg Rules) Hamburg, 30 March 1978

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

PART V - CLAIMS AND ACTIONS

Article 21 - Jurisdiction

1. In judicial proceedings relating to carriage of goods under this Convention the plaintiff, at his option, may institute an action in a court which, according to the law of the State where the court is situated, is competent and within the jurisdiction of which is situated one of the following places:

(a) The principal place of business or, in the absence thereof, the habitual residence of the defendant; or

(b) The place where the contract was made provided that the defendant has there a place of business, branch or agency through which the contract was made; or

(c) The port of loading or the port of discharge; or

(d) Any additional place designated for that purpose in the contract of carriage by sea.

2. (a) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of thisArticle, an action may be instituted in the courts of any port or place in a Contracting State at which the carrying vessel or any other vessel of the same ownership may have been arrested in accordance with applicable rules of the law of that State and of international law. However, in such a case, at the petition of the defendant, the claimant must remove the action, at his choice, to one of the jurisdictions referred to in paragraph 1 of thisArticle for the determination of the claim, but before such removal the defendant must furnish security sufficient to ensure payment of any judgement that may subsequently be awarded to the claimant in the action.

(b) All questions relating to the sufficiency or otherwise of the security shall be determined by the court of the port or place of the arrest.

3. No judicial proceedings relating to carriage of goods under this Convention may be instituted in a place not specified in paragraph 1 or 2 of thisArticle. The provisions of this paragraph do not constitute an obstacle to the jurisdiction of the Contracting States for provisional or protective measures.

4. (a) Where an action has been instituted in a court competent under paragraph i or 2 of thisArticle or where judgement has been delivered by such a court, no new action may be started between the same parties on the same grounds unless the judgement of the court before which the first action instituted is not enforceable in the country in which the new proceedings are instituted.

(b) For the purpose of thisArticle the institution of measures with a view to obtaining enforcement of a judgement is not to be considered as the starting of a new action;

(c) For the purpose of thisArticle, the removal of an action to a different court within the same country, or to a court in another country, in accordance with paragraph 2 (a) of thisArticle, is not to be considered as the starting of a new action.

5. Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraphs, an agreement made by the parties, after a claim under the contract of carriage by sea has arisen, which designates the place where the claimant may institute an action, is effective.


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