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United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
(The Hamburg Rules) Hamburg, 30 March 1978

[Preamble]

PART I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 - Definitions

Article 2 - Scope of application

Article 3 - Interpretation of the Convention

PART II - LIABILITY OF THE CARRIER

Article 4 - Period of responsibility

Article 5 - Basis of liability

Article 6 - Limits of liability

Article 7 - Application to non-contractual claims

Article 8 - Loss of right to limit responsibility

Article 9 - Deck cargo

Article 10 - Liability of the carrier and actual carrier

Article 11- Through carriage

PART III - LIABILITY OF THE SHIPPER

Article 12- General rule

Article 13 - Special rules on dangerous goods

PART IV - TRANSPORT DOCUMENTS

Article 14 - Issue of bill of lading

Article 15- Contents of bill of lading

Article 16 - Bills of lading: reservations and evidentiary effect

Article 17 - Guarantees by the shipper

Article 18 - Documents other than bills of lading

PART V - CLAIMS AND ACTIONS

Article 19 - Notice of loss, damage or delay

Article 20 - Limitation of actions

Article 21 - Jurisdiction

Article 22 - Arbitration

PART VI - SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

Article 23 - Contractual stipulations

Article 24 - General average

Article 25 - Other conventions

Article 26 - Unit of account

PART VII - FINAL CLAUSES

Article 27- Depositary

Article 28 - Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval, accession

Article 29- Reservations

Article 30 - Entry into force

Article 31- Denunciation of other conventions

Article 32 - Revision and amendment

Article 33 - Revision of the limitation amounts and unit of account or monetary unit

Article 34 - Denunciation

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (The Hamburg Rules) Hamburg, 30 March 1978

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

PART VII - FINAL CLAUSES

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Done at Hamburg, this thirty-first day of March one thousand nine hundred and seventy-eight, in a single original, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic.

In witness whereof the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorised by their respective Governments, have signed the present Convention.

Common understanding adopted by the United Nations Conference on the

Carriage of Goods by Sea (A/CONF.89/13, annex 11)

It is the common understanding that the liability of the carrier under this Convention is based on the principle of presumed fault or neglect. This means that, as a rule, the burden of proof rests on the carrier but, with respect to certain cases, the provisions of the Convention modify this rule.

Resolution adopted by the United Nations Conference on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (A/CON.89/13, annex III)

The United Nations Conference on the Carriage of Goods by Sea,

Noting with appreciation the kind invitation of the Federal Republic of Germany to hold the Conference in Hamburg,

Being aware that the facilities placed at the disposal of the Conference and the generous hospitality bestowed on the participants by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and by the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, have in no small measure contributed to the success of the Conference.

Expresses its gratitude to the Government and people of the Federal Republic of Germany, and

Having adopted the Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea on the basis of a draft Convention prepared by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law at the request of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development,

Expresses its gratitude to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law and to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development for their outstanding contribution to the simplification and harmonisation of the law of the carriage of goods by sea, and

Decides to designate the Convention adopted by the Conference as the: "UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA, 1978", and

Recommends that the rules embodied therein be known as the "HAMBURG RULES".


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