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United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

[Preamble]

Chapter I - Sphere of Application

Article 1 - Scope of Application

Article 2 - Exclusions

Article 3 - Party Autonomy

Chapter II - General Provisions

Article 4 - Definitions

Article 5 - Interpretation

Article 6 - Location of the Parties

Article 7 - Information Requirements

Chapter III - Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Article 8 - Legal Recognition of Electronic Communications

Article 9 - Form Requirements

Article 10 - Time and Place of Dispatch and Receipt of Electronic Communications

Article 11 - Invitation to Make Offers

Article 12 - Use of Automated Message Systems for Contract Formation

Article 13 - Availability of Contractual Terms

Article 14 - Error in Electronic Communications

Chapter IV - Final Provisions

Article 15 - Depositary

Article 16 - Signature, Ratification, Acceptance or Approval

Article 17 - participation by Regional Economic Integration Organizations

Article 18 - Effects in Domestic Territorial Units

Article 19 - Declaration on the Scope of Application

Article 20 - Communications Exchanged Under Other International Conventions

Article 21 - Procedure and Effects of Declarations

Article 22 - Reservations

Article 23 - Entry Into Force

Article 24 - Time of Application

Article 25 - Denunciations

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, 2005

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Chapter III - Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Article 10 - Time and Place of Dispatch and Receipt of Electronic Communications

1. The time of dispatch of an electronic communication is the time when it leaves an information system under the control of the originator or of the party who sent it on behalf of the originator or, if the electronic communication has not left an information system under the control of the originator or of the party who sent it on behalf of the originator, the time when the electronic communication is received.

2. The time of receipt of an electronic communication is the time when it becomes capable of being retrieved by the addressee at an electronic address designated by the addressee. The time of receipt of an electronic communication at another electronic address of the addressee is the time when it becomes capable of being retrieved by the addressee at that address and the addressee becomes aware that the electronic communication has been sent to that address. An electronic communication is presumed to be capable of being retrieved by the addressee when it reaches the addressee's electronic address.

3. An electronic communication is deemed to be dispatched at the place where the originator has its place of business and is deemed to be received at the place where the addressee has its place of business, as determined in accordance with article 6.

4. Paragraph 2 of this article applies notwithstanding that the place where the information system supporting an electronic address is located may be different from the place where the electronic communication is deemed to be received under paragraph 3 of the article.


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( International Trade/Commercial Law & e-Commerce Monitor )

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1993 - 2010

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Lex Mercatoria