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United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

[Preamble]

Chapter I - Sphere of Application

Article 1 - Scope of Application

Article 2 - Exclusions

Article 3 - Party Autonomy

Chapter II - General Provisions

Article 4 - Definitions

Article 5 - Interpretation

Article 6 - Location of the Parties

Article 7 - Information Requirements

Chapter III - Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Article 8 - Legal Recognition of Electronic Communications

Article 9 - Form Requirements

Article 10 - Time and Place of Dispatch and Receipt of Electronic Communications

Article 11 - Invitation to Make Offers

Article 12 - Use of Automated Message Systems for Contract Formation

Article 13 - Availability of Contractual Terms

Article 14 - Error in Electronic Communications

Chapter IV - Final Provisions

Article 15 - Depositary

Article 16 - Signature, Ratification, Acceptance or Approval

Article 17 - participation by Regional Economic Integration Organizations

Article 18 - Effects in Domestic Territorial Units

Article 19 - Declaration on the Scope of Application

Article 20 - Communications Exchanged Under Other International Conventions

Article 21 - Procedure and Effects of Declarations

Article 22 - Reservations

Article 23 - Entry Into Force

Article 24 - Time of Application

Article 25 - Denunciations

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, 2005

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Chapter IV - Final Provisions

Article 20 - Communications Exchanged Under Other International Conventions

1. The provisions of this Convention apply to the use of electronic communications in connection with the formation or performance of a contract to which any of the following international conventions, to which a Contracting State to this Convention is or may become a Contracting State, apply:

2. The provisions of this Convention Apply further to electronic communications in connection with the formation or performance of a contract to which another international convention, treaty or agreement not specifically referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, and to which a Contracting State to this Convention is or may become a Contracting State, applies, unless the State has declared, in accordance with article 21, that it will not be bound by this paragraph.

3. A State that makes a declaration pursuant to paragraph 2 of this article may also declare that it will nevertheless apply the provisions of this Convention to the use of electronic communications in connection with the formation or performance of any contract to which a specified international convention, treaty or agreement applies to which the State is or may become a Contracting State.

4. Any State may declare that it will not apply the provisions of this Convention to the use of electronic communications in connection with the formation or performance of a contract to which any international convention, treaty or agreement specified in that State's declaration, to which the State is or may become a Contracting State, applies, including any of the conventions referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, even if such State has not excluded the application of paragraph 2 of this article by a declaration made in accordance with article 21.


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