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United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

[Preamble]

Chapter I - Sphere of Application

Article 1 - Scope of Application

Article 2 - Exclusions

Article 3 - Party Autonomy

Chapter II - General Provisions

Article 4 - Definitions

Article 5 - Interpretation

Article 6 - Location of the Parties

Article 7 - Information Requirements

Chapter III - Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Article 8 - Legal Recognition of Electronic Communications

Article 9 - Form Requirements

Article 10 - Time and Place of Dispatch and Receipt of Electronic Communications

Article 11 - Invitation to Make Offers

Article 12 - Use of Automated Message Systems for Contract Formation

Article 13 - Availability of Contractual Terms

Article 14 - Error in Electronic Communications

Chapter IV - Final Provisions

Article 15 - Depositary

Article 16 - Signature, Ratification, Acceptance or Approval

Article 17 - participation by Regional Economic Integration Organizations

Article 18 - Effects in Domestic Territorial Units

Article 19 - Declaration on the Scope of Application

Article 20 - Communications Exchanged Under Other International Conventions

Article 21 - Procedure and Effects of Declarations

Article 22 - Reservations

Article 23 - Entry Into Force

Article 24 - Time of Application

Article 25 - Denunciations

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, 2005

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

Chapter II - General Provisions

Article 6 - Location of the Parties

1. For the purposes of this Convention, a party's place of business is presumed to be the location indicated by that party, unless another party demonstrates that the party making the indication does not have a place of business at that location.

2. If a party has not indicated a place of business and has more than one place of business, then the place of business for the purposes of this Convention is that which has the closest relationship to the relevant contract, having regard to the circumstances known to or contemplated by the parties at any time before the conclusion of the contract.

3. If a natural person does not have a place of business, reference is to be made to the person's habitual residence.

4. A location is not a place of business merely because that is: (a) where equipment and technology supporting an information system used by a party in connection with the formation of a contract are located; or (b) where the information system may be accessed by other parties.

5. The sole fact that a party makes use of a domain name or electronic mail address connected to a specific country does not create a presumption that its place of business is located in that country.


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