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Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva, 17 February 1983)

[Preamble]

CHAPTER I - Sphere Of Application And General Provisions

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

CHAPTER II - Establishment And Scope Of The Authority Of The Agent

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

CHAPTER III - Legal Effects Of Acts Carried Out By The Agent

Article 12

Article 13

Article 14

Article 15

Article 16

CHAPTER IV - Termination Of The Authority Of The Agent

Article 17

Article 18

Article 19

Article 20

CHAPTER V - Final Provisions

Article 21

Article 22

Article 23

Article 24

Article 25

Article 26

Article 27

Article 28

Article 29

Article 30

Article 31

Article 32

Article 33

Article 34

Article 35

[Post Provisions]

[Post Clauses (If any: Signed; Witnessed; Done; Authentic Texts; & Deposited Clauses)]

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva, 17 February 1983)

UNIDROIT

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva, 17 February 1983)

CHAPTER III - Legal Effects Of Acts Carried Out By The Agent

Article 15

1. An act by an agent who acts without authority or who acts outside the scope of his authority may be ratified by the principal. On ratification the act produces the same effects as if it had initially been carried out with authority.

2. Where, at the time of the agent's act, the third party neither knew nor ought to have known of the lack of authority, he shall not be liable to the principal if, at any time before ratification, he gives notice of his refusal to become bound by a ratification. Where the principal ratifies but does not do so within a reasonable time, the third party may refuse to be bound by the ratification if he promptly notifies the principal.

3. Where, however, the third party knew or ought to have known of the lack of authority of the agent, the third party may not refuse to become bound by a ratification before the expiration of any time agreed for ratification or, failing agreement, such reasonable time as the third party may specify.

4. The third party may refuse to accept a partial ratification.

5. Ratification shall take effect when notice of it reaches the third party or the ratification otherwise comes to his attention. Once effective, it may not be revoked.

6. Ratification is effective notwithstanding that the act itself could not have been effectively carried out at the time of ratification.

7. Where the act has been carried out on behalf of a corporation or other legal person before its creation, ratification is effective only if allowed by the law of the State governing its creation.

8. Ratification is subject to no requirements as to form. It may be express or may be inferred from the conduct of the principal.


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