Malcolm Langford was a Research Fellow at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights and Director of the Socio-Economic Rights Programme from 2007 to July 2014. He recently joined the Christian Michelsen Institute as a Senior Researcher although continues to teach a number of courses at the University of Oslo. In addition, he leads a number of consortiums and acts an advisor to a range of UN bodies, governments and NGOs, which includes the following positions:
- Co-Director, Global School on Socio-Economic Rights
- Coordinator, ESCR International Network Working Group on Adjudication
- Co-Coordinator, Metrics for Human Rights
- Chair, Judgment Watch
Langford has previously been Director of the Human Rights and Development Research Group, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo (2007-2009 and Spring 2014), Senior Legal Officer at the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, Geneva (2001 to 2006) and a Visiting Fellow at the University of California (Berkeley), University of Mannheim, University of Stellenbosch and University of NSW.
Teaching and tutoring (2009-2014)
- JUR5850: International Trade Law
- JUR5851: International Investment Law
- HUMR5133: Business and Human Rights
- HUMR4140: Human Rights Law in Context
- HUMR5140: Introduction to Human Rights Law
- HUMR5702: Human Rights and Development
- HUMR4504: Human Rights in Practice
- HUMR5191 - Human Rights Methodology: Research, Analysis and Thesis
- ISSFJ4711: Human Rights (International Summer School)
For an updated list, click here.
Disability Social Rights (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2015) (Edited with Michael Stein) Website
Equality and Socio-Economic Rights: International Law in Context (forthcoming 2014) (Edited). Website
Books (Published and In Press)
The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Commentary (Pretoria: Pretoria University Law Press, 2014)
Millennium Development Goals and Human Rights: Past, Present and Future (Cambridge University Press, 2013) (Edited with A. Sumner and A. Yamin): Website
Socio-Economic Rights in South Africa: Symbols or Substance? (Cambridge University Press, 2013) (Edited with B. Cousins, J. Dugard and T. Madlingozi): Website
Teoría y jurisprudencia de los derechos sociales: Tendencias incipientes en el derecho internacional y comparado (Bogotá: Universidad de los Andes and Siglo del Hombre Editores, 2013). (Spanish translation of Social Rights Jurisprudence with some updates). Website
Global Justice, State Duties: The Extra-Territorial Scope of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2013) (Edited with M. Scheinin, W. Vandenhole and W. Van Genugten) Website Introduction
Social Rights Jurisprudence: Emerging Trends in International and Comparative Law (Cambridge University Press, 2008). pp. 704 (Editor), Author of Introduction - Excerpt, Hungary and CESCR Chapters: Book Website, Reviews - EHRLR HHRJ
Litigating Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Legal Practitioners' Dossier (Geneva: COHRE, 2006), pp. 301 (with Aoife Nolan) PDF
Road to a Remedy: Current Issues in Litigation of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (AHRC and University of NSW Press, 2005) (Co-editor with B. Thiele and J. Squires), Wrote Introduction and Chapter 7: Judging Resource Availability PDF
Guest Editor - Special Journal Issues
Quantifying Human Rights, in Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 30, No. 3 (2012), pp. 222-400 (with S. Fukuda-Parr). PDF
The Optional Protocol to the ICESCR: Perspectives on a New International Complaint and Inquiry Procedure, in Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 27, No. 1 (2009) PDF
'Muddying the Water? Assessing Target-Based Approaches in Development Cooperation for Water and Sanitation', Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol. 15, Nos. 2-3 (2014), pp. 247-260. PDF
'The Turn to Metrics', Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 30, No. 3 (2012), pp. 222-238 (with S. Fukuda-Parr). PDF
`Art or Science? Synthesising Lessons from Public Interest Litigation and the Dangers of Legal Determinism`, South African Journal on Human Rights Vol. 27, (2011), pp. 39-64 (with Jackie Dugard) PDF
'Between Demos and Ethnos: The Nepal Constitution and Indigenous Rights', International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, Vol. 18, No. 2 (2011) (with Peris Jones). PDF
'Constitutional Rights and Social Exclusion in Nepal', International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, Vol. 18, No. 2 (2011) (with Ananda Bhatterai). PDF
‘Å leve er også å bo: Norske boutgifter – i overensstemmelse med retten til bolig?”, Kritisk Juss, No. 2 (2011) (with Johannes Nilsen). PDF
'The New Kid on the Block: A Complaints Procedure for the Convention on the Rights of the Child', Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Volume 28, No. 3 (2010). PDF
'A Poverty of Rights: Six Ways to Fix the MDGs', IDS Bulletin, Vol. 41, No. 1 (2010), pp. 83-91 PDF
'Right, Remedy or Rhetoric? Land Restitution in International Law', Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 28, No. 2 (2010). PDF
'Domestic Adjudication of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Socio-Legal Survey', SUR -International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 11 (2009) PDF
‘Poverty in Developed States: International Human Rights Law and the Right to a Remedy’, German Yearbook of International Law (2009), pp. 251-289.
'Closing the Gap? An Introduction to the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights', Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 27, No. 1 (2009), pp. 1-28. PDF
'Evolution or Revolution? Extrapolating from the Experience of the Human Rights Committee', Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Volume 27, No. 1 (2009), pp. 97-113. (with Martin Scheinin) PDF
Crossfire: There is no Human Right to Water for Livelihoods: A Debate with Melvin Woodhouse', Waterlines, Vol. 28, No. 1 (2009), pp. 5-12. PDF
‘The Path of Least Resistance: Expropriation and Eviction’, Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, No. 1 (2008), pp. 32-45. PDF
'Global Precedent or 'Reasonable no More'? The Mazibuko Case', Journal of Water Law, October (2008), p. 73-78. PDF
'Beyond formalisation: The role of civil society in reclaiming the legal empowerment agenda', Legal Empowerment - A Way Out of Poverty, No. 4 (2007)
‘Ambition that overleaps itself? A Response to Stephen Tully’s ‘Critique’ of the General Comment on the Right to Water’, Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, Vol. 26, No. 3 (2006), pp. 433-459. PDF
'Expectation of Plenty: Response to Stephen Tully', Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, Vol. 26, No. 3 (2006), pp. 473-479. PDF
'The UN Concept of the Right to Water: New Paradigm for Old Problems?', International Journal of Water Resources Development, Vol. 21, No. 2 (2005), pp. 273-282. PDF
‘Nonsense upon Stilts: East Timor and the International Court of Justice’, Australian Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 3 (1996), pp. 141-151 (with J Delaney).
‘The Gender Wage Gap in the 1990's’, Australian Economic Papers, Vol. 34 (1995), pp. 62-85. PDF
Review Essays and Book Reviews
Review of Human Rights, Corporate Complicity and Disinvestment, edited by G. Nystuen, A. Føllesdal and O. Mestad (Cambridge University Press, 2011), Modern Law Review , Vol. 75, No. 6 (2012), pp. 1178-1182. PDF
Keeping Up with the Fashion: Human Rights and Global Public Goods, International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, Vol. 16, No. 1 (2009), pp. 165-178. PDF
'The Worlds of Human Rights: Between Myths and Politics', in H. Jordheim and E. Sandmo (eds.), Conceptualizing the World (New York, Berghahn Books, 2014).
'Judicial Review in National Courts: Recognition and Responsiveness', in E. Riedel, G. Giacca and C. Golay (eds.), Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in International Law: Contemporary Issues and Challenges (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), Ch. 15.
'South Africa: From Struggle to Idealism and Back Again', in B. Andreassen and G. Crawford (ed.), Human Rights, Power and Non-Governmental Action: Comparative analyses of rights-based approaches and civic struggles in development contexts (London: Routledge, 2013), Ch. 4 (with B. Derman, T. Madligonzi, K. Moyo, J. Dugard, A.Hellum and S. Shirinda).
'A Poverty of Rights: Six Ways to Fix the MDGs', Health and Human Rights in a Changing World (London: Routledge, 2013), pp. 179-190.
'De justiciabilité des droits sociaux: une analyse socio-juridique', in D. Roman (eds.), La justiciabilité des droits sociaux: Vecteurs et résistances
(Editions A. Pedone, 2012).
“The Right to Water”, in S. Woolman, M. Bishop and J. Brickhall, Constitutional Law of South Africa (Juta/UCT Press, 2011) (Coauthored with R. Stacey and D. Chirwa).
'Cosmopolitan Competition: The Case of International Investment', in Katja Aas and Cecilia Bailliet, Cosmopolitan and its Discontents (London: Routledge, 2011). PDF
'Social Security and Children: Testing the Boundaires of Human Rights and Economics', in Stephen Marks, Bård Anders Andrassen and Arjun Sengupta, Freedom from Poverty as a Human Right: Economic Perspectives (Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 2009), pp. 193-217. PDF
'A Sort of Homecoming: Extra-Territorial Obligationss and the Right to Housing' in Mark Gibney and Sigrun Skogly, Universal Human RIghts Obligations (Pennsylvania University Press, 2010) Website
Expropriation and Eviction: Grassroots and Human Rights Perspectives on compulsory Acquisition', in Compulsory Purchase and Compensation in Land Acquisition and Takings (Espoo: Publication B123 in Real Estate Studies and Economic Law, Helsinki University of Technology, 2008), pp. 174-194
‘Los derochos humanos y la crisis mundiales del agua: de la ley a la práctica', in M. Mancisidor (ed.), El derecho humano al agua: situación y retos de futuro (Barcelona: Icaria, 2008), pp. 55-81.
‘The Right to Social Security and Implications for Law, Policy and Practice’ in Eibe Riedel (ed.) Social Security as a Human Right: Drafting a General comment on Article 9 ICESCR – Some challenges (Berlin: SpringerVerlag, 2007), pp. 29-53. PDF
'Tragedy or Triumph of the Commons: Human Rights and the World Water Crises', Human Rights 2006: The Year in Review (Melbourne: Castan Centre for Human Rights Law, University of Monash, 2007), pp. 9-39.
'The Right to Water in National Law: A Review', in Eibe Riedel (ed.), The Human Rights to Water (Berlin: Berliner WissenschaftsVerlag, 2006), pp. 115-126.
'El derecho humano al agua', in El derocho humano al agua en Mexico, Centroamerica y en al Caribe - Visiones versus Realidades (Berlin: Heinrich Bell Foundation, 2006) (with Ashfaq Khalfan).
'Right to Water', in Matthew Chaskalson, Janet Kentridge, Jonathan Klaaren, Gilbert Marcus, Derk Splitz and Stuart Woolman (eds.), Constitutional Law of South Africa 2nd Ed. (Pretoria: Juta and Centre for Human Rights, 2005), pp. 56B1-28 (with Anton Kok)
'Right to Water in the South African Constitution', in Danie Brand and Christoph Heyns (eds.), Socio-Economic Rights in South Africa (Pretoria: Pretoria University Press, 2005), pp. 191-208 (with Anton Kok)
The Art of the Impossible: Measurement Choices and the Post-2015 Development Agenda, Background Paper for Governance and human rights: Criteria and measurement proposals for a post-2015 development agenda, OHCHR/UNDP Expert Consultation, New York, 13-14 November 2012 PDF
The Human Rights of Eastern European Roma in Norway, Presentation,Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, 17 December 2012. Powerpoint
Educating Everyone? Denial, Prejudice and the Reservoirs of Hate in the Wake of the Oslo Massacres, Keynote Speech, 2nd International Conference on Human Rights Education, 14-16 November 2011, Durban. (PDF forthcoming)
Reasonable or Risky? Norwegian Ratification of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Working Paper, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, 17 June 2011. PDF
A Global Greencard? Putting Migration Back into Development, presented at Development Studies Association Conference, London, 4 November 2010 Abstract
A Complaints Procedure for the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Commentary on the Second Draft, Working Paper, SERP, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, February 2011 (with Sevda Clark)
A Complaints Procedure for the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Commentary on the Second Draft, Working Paper, SERP, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, December 2010 (with Sevda Clark) PDF
Refraction? The Constitutional-Regional Variable and the Domestic Effects of International Human Rights Treaties, presented at the Colloquium on the Domestic Consequences of Internaitonal Human Rights Treaty Ratification, New York University, 15-16 October 2010.
Right to Sanitation in Internaitonal Law, Working Paper, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/12/NI/7, presented at the UN Human Rights Council, 4 September 2009. PDF
Mining the Gap? Reconciling Human Rights and Bilateral Investment Arbitration - The Forresti Case, Presented at Bilateral Investment Treaties and Human Rights, Rights and Democracy, 19-20 March 2009 (with Khulekani Moyo).
The Justiciability of Social and Economic Rights: An Updated Appraisal (Belfast: Committee on the Administration of Justice, 2007) and Working Paper No. 14, Centre for Human Rights and Global Justice, New York University (with Bruce Porter and Aoife Nolan).
Dignity in the Rubble: Forced Evictions and International Human Rights Law, COHRE Working Paper (2005). PDF
Indicators for the Right to Water: Concept Paper (Berlin: Heinrich Boell Foundation, Bread for the World and Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, 2005) (with Virginia Roaf and Ashfaq Khalfan).
Best Practice Disability Employment Policy, Working Paper, Eden Network, February 2000.
The World Market for Desiccated Coconut: A Philippines Perspective, Research Report No. 5, Australian Centre for Agricultural Research, Centre for Applied Economic Research, University of NSW, 1994.
Human Rights and the MDGs in Practice: A Review of Country Strategies and Reporting (Geneva: UN OHCHR, 2010)
Bilatteral Investment Treaty Policy Framework Review - South Africa: Submission (LRC, CALS; NCHR, 2009), pp. 53 (with J. Maupin), PDF
Claiming the MDGS: A Human Rights Approach (Geneva: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2008), pp. 52. PDF
Water Services Fault Lines: An Assessment of South Africa’s Water and Sanitation Provision across 15 Municipalities (Johannesburg: Centre for Applied Legal Studies 2008) pp. 88 (with Kate Tissington, Marc Dettmann, Jackie Dugard and Sonkita Conteh). PDF
Human Rights Report: South Africa, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, Oslo, Five Reports, October 2007 - December 2009.
Kenyan-German development cooperation in the water sector: Assessment from a human rights perspective, on behalf of the GTZ cross-sectoral project “Realising Human Rights in Development Cooperation”, Eschborn, May 2007 (with Munguti Katui Katua, Ashfaq Khalfan, and Monika Lüke).
Beyond Formalisation: A land rights agenda for Norwegian development and foreign policy, The Norwegian Forum for Environment and Development, June 2007 (Editor).
Listening to the Poor: Housing Rights in Naribo, Kenya (Geneva: COHRE, 2006), pp. 166 PDF
Slum Upgrading and Human Rights (Geneva: COHRE Kenya Housing Rights Project, 2005) (with Leslie Quitzow and Virginia Roaf).
Litigating Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Achievements, Challenges and Strategies (Geneva: Centre on Housing Rights & Evictions, 2003), pp.184.PDF
Indigenous Deaths in Custody 1989-1996: A Report Prepared by the Office of the Aboriginal and Toerres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner (Sydney: HREOC, 1996)
'Jens, vi trenger en boligstatsråd' [Prime Minister, we need a Housing Minister], Dagsavisn, 17 November 2011 Link
'Plikt til å debattere, om ikke til å stemme' [A duty to debate, if not to vote], Dagbladet 29 August 2011, p. 51. PDF
'Fotball-VMs mørke side' [The World Cup's Dark Side], Aftenposten, 10 July 2010 Link
'Asylsøkerne har ikke skylden' [Don't blame Asylum Seekers] Aftenposten, 16 February 2009 Link
'Clarity needed on SA's bilateral treaties', Business Day, 11 November 2009 (with Jason Brickhall and Mary Munyembate) PDF
‘Ikke glem oss!’[Don’t forget us!], Aftenposten, 6 June 2009, p. 3, Reply with Tore Rem. [PDF]
’Et rom for ytringsfrihet’[A space within freedom of expression], Aftenposten, 14 May 2009, p. 3, Reply with Tore Rem. PDF
‘The Department must do more than tread water’ Business Day, 26 November 2008 p. 15 (with Jackie Dugard). PDF
‘Ja til overgrep? Norge har gjort en helvomvending i FNS Menneskerettighetsråd’ [Yes to violations? Norway’s backflip in the Human Rights’ Council], Klassekampen, 28 April 2008, p. 13 (with Asbjørn Eide). [PDF]
‘Vann til alle!’ [Water for everyone!], Dagbladet, Wednesday 3 October 2007 (with Elise Christensen) [PDF]
'Zimbabwe slum evictions 'a crime'', BBC, 23 May 2007 PDF
’Därför nedprioriterar Norden mänskliga rättigheter’, Axess No. 5 (2012) (with J. K. Schaffer) Link
’Rett til vann’ [Right to Water], in "Oljetønner og kaffebønner - kampen om naturressursene" (LAG, 2008).
‘Housing Rights in Europe, Just News: Human Rights in Northern Ireland, April 2007, pp. 4-5.
‘A place to call home? Migrants and Housing Rights’, Habitat Debate, Vol. 12, No. 3 (2006) (with Monika Lueke).
'‘The Right to Return, Resettlement and Restitution after the Tsunami disaster’, LST Review, Vol. 16, No. 218, December 2005, pp. 15-21 (with Bret Thiele).
‘The Right to Return and Resettlement after the Tsunami disaster’, Disaster Brief, Vol. 2, No.2 (2005).
‘Judging Social Rights, Human Rights Tribune, Vol. 11, No. 3 (2005).
‘Gathering Steam? A Review of Recent Cases from the European Committee on Social Rights’, Housing & ESC Rights Law Quarterly, Vol. 2. No 2 (2005), pp. 3-4.
‘A glass half full: recent advances in the right to water, The Optimist, Winter, 2005, (with Ashfaq Khalfan)
‘Right to Water and Sanitation’ in Human Rights Reference Handbook (UN University for Peace, Costa Rica, 2004)
‘The Question of Resources’, Housing & ESC Rights Law Quarterly, Vol. 1 No.3 (2004), pp. 1-4.
‘Justiciability of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’, Right to Food Journal, Winter 2003.
‘Slum-Dwellers Rights to Life & Property: Öneryildiz v Turkey’, Housing & ESC Rights Case Law Update, Issue 1, May 2003.
‘The Right to Food in Australia’, Human Rights Defender, Vol. 8, (December 1999).
‘Pride, Prejudice and Persistence: the Gender Wage Gap’, Values (Summer 1996/7), pp. 1-3.
‘Aboriginal Deaths in Custody’ (1996) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander News, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission.
‘Economic Dimensions of Human Rights Workshop’ Human Rights Defender, Vol. 5 (March 1996), p. 15.
‘East Timor - The World Court Mumbles’ Human Rights Defender, Vol. 4 (August 1995).
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