Regulations for support materials permitted at examination for courses taught in English
Adopted by PMR 05.12.2011. Addendum to Programplan på nett (Norwegian).
Chapter 1: Permitted support material
1. The use of support material other than that listed below is not permitted during examinations.
2. Unless specified otherwise below, only one copy of each publication is permitted during the examination.
3. Photocopies of support material are permitted provided that the photocopy clearly states the origins of the support material, i.e. the front page is visible. Printouts from computer databases or the internet are not permitted.
4. It is permitted to bring all national and international legal instruments in the form of books, offprints or photocopies in their officially published English version to the examination. This includes treaties, conventions, directives, regulations, statutes and the like. Fauchald, Ole Kristian og Bård Sverre Tuseth:«Global and European Treaties» or «Global and Regional Treaties» is permitted to bring to all exams.
5. The use of standard linguistic dictionaries, i.e. an English –English dictionary or a dictionary from the candidate’s first language to English and vice- versa, is permitted during the examination. A maximum of two copies of dictionaries is permitted.
6. Electronic support materials, calculators and such, are not permitted during examinations. It's not allowed to bring any watch to the examination desk (time is visible on the computer screen).
7. In the event of confiscation the candidate may request the return of the confiscated material by presenting a written request during the examination to the student representative. If the request is rejected, the candidate will have to continue the examination without the use of the confiscated material. Candidates who have their material confiscated will receive a notification in writing with the reasons for the decision. Where the result of the confiscation includes consequent action or recommendations, the Faculty will notify the candidate about the subsequent proceedings.
Chapter 2: Notes/references
1. Notes or references other than those listed below are not permitted.
2. Dictionaries must be free from all notes or references.
3. It is not permitted to remove printed text from support material. It is not permitted to write on or insert text into support material.
4. All notes and references must be made in English or Norwegian.
5. It is permitted to write on the support material references to:
a. Support material permitted under chapter 1 and 3.
b. National and international court decisions.
c. Advisory opinions of international courts and bodies.
d. Treaties, conventions, directives, regulations, statutes and the like.
6. It is permitted to highlight and underline words and sentences in different colours.
7. Vertical and horizontal lines in the margins are permitted.
8. It is permitted to consecutively number the single paragraphs in a provision, and the single sentences in a paragraph.
9. It is permitted to make an annotation system within each paragraph or article by using numbers. However, it is not permitted to refer to and from one's own annotation system.
10. It is permitted to delete one’s own notes with correction ink or by strike-through.
11. References must be made as follows:
a. References to statutes, royal decrees, regulations, and bills of law in preparatory works may only include the title and / or date (or necessary number), section and / or paragraph, sentence, number or letter.
b. Common abbreviations such as CISG (Convention on contracts for the international sale of goods) and the like can be used.
c. References may be introduced with the words: repealed, amended, see, confer (cf.), compare.
12. References to legal sources must be made as follows:
a. Rulings from international and national courts may be referred to by using the cases’ official name, parties and / or serial number (example ECtHR: “D. v. the United Kingdom, ECtHR Reports 1997-III” or “Rt. 1974 p. 222”).
b. It is permitted to refer to decisions by using the name of only one of the parties, if necessary by abbreviation (example: “SETTG” instead of Sindesmos ton en Elladi Turistiokon ke Taxidiotikon Grafion v. Ypourgos Ergasias).
c. References to treaties, conventions, directives, regulations, statutes and other international instruments may include the title and / or date (or necessary number), section and / or paragraph, sentence, number or letter. Standard abbreviations such as UN Charter, ECHR, CCPR, ICJ statutes, VCLT, UNCLOS etc. may be used. A reference may read: “UNCLOS art.21 no.1(g)”.
Chapter 3: Recommended-/Special material
In addition to the general support materials listed above, the following support materials may be brought into the examinations in the individual elective and special subjects listed below:
- Electronic Commerce Law (JUS5670):
Regulatory Instruments Lee Bygrave (ed.) Stensilserie B nr. 72, 2016
- Electronic Communications Law (JUS5641/JUR1641):
Electronic Communications Law, Regulatory Instruments, Institutt for Privatrett, Stensilserie B Nr. 75-2016
- Environmental Law and Economics (JUS5831):
No other materials allowed than those specified above (chapter 1 and 2).
- EU Substantive Law (JUS5440/JUR1440):
- Basic EU/EC treaties , in the form of books or photocopies (see ident below on regulations and directives with regard to photocopies- this applies also to copies of the basic treaties)
- Regulations and directives (for reasons of control you may only bring photocopies or printed versions, not printouts from the internet, even though identical to the printed versions).
- Blackstone’s EC Legislation/Blackstones's EU Treaties & Legislation
- European Labour Law (JUS5870):
European Labour Law. Cases and Materials, Institutt for privatrett
Skriftserie B nr. 77 – 2017
- International Commercial Law (JUS5230/JUR1230):
International Commercial Law – Materials, Institutt for privatrett Stensilserie B, nr 73, 2016 (or earlier/later editions)
- International Environmental Law (JUS5520/JUR1520):
Ole Kristian Fauchald & Bård Sverre Tuseth: Global and European Treaties, Oslo
- International Trade Law (JUS5850):
Ole Kristian Fauchald & Bård Sverre Tuseth: Global and Regional Treaties, Oslo
- Marine Insurance (JUS5450/JUR1450):
- Materialsamling i sjørett - Collection of Documents in Maritime Law, Sjørettsfondet 2012 (and later editions)
Earlier editions can also be used: Documents used in shipping / Materialsamling i sjørett, Sjørettsfondet 2010 (or previous editions)
- The Norwegian Maritime Code of 24 JUne 1994 no. 39 and later amendments, edition 2010, published in MarIus number 393, Sjørettsfondet (or previous/later editions)
- Nordic Marine Insurance Plan 2013, and/or Nordic Marine Insurance Plan 2016, Cefor.
NB!A student edition printed by Sjørettsfondet is exclusively available for students registered at the courses JUS5450 and JUR1450 Marine Insurance. The student edition has to be bought in the online bookstore Bokbyen. You will find information how to buy it in the electronic class room system Fronter. All students registered at the courses JUS5450 and JUR1450 is automatically members of the Fronter room JUS5450.
- Insurance Contract Act (A computer printout of the translated version from the Norwegian original (Lov om forsikringsavtaler 1989) is accepted. It can be printed from the web pages of Cefor.
- Maritime Law: Contracts (JUS5401):
- Materialsamling i sjørett / Collection of Documents in Maritime Law, Sjørettsfondet 2012 (and later editions).
Earlier editions can also be used: Materialsamling i sjørett - Documents used in Shipping, Sjørettsfondet
- The Norwegian Maritime Code of 24 June 1994 no. 39 and later amendments, edition 2010, Sjørettsfondet (ore earlier/later editions).
- Martime Law: Liability & Insurance (JUS5402):
- Materialsamling i sjørett / Collection of Documents in Maritime Law 2012. Earlier editions can also be used: Materialsamling i sjørett - Documents used in Shipping, Sjørettsfondet
-The Norwegian Maritime Code of 24 June 1994 no. 39 and later amendments, edition 2010, Sjørettsfondet (ore earlier/later editions).
- Nordic Marine Insurance Plan 2013, Cefor.
NB! A student edition printed by Sjørettsfondet is exclusively available for students registered at the Course JUS5402 Maritime Law: Liability & Insurance. The student edition has to be bought in the online bookstore Bokbyen. You will find information how to buy it in the electronic class room system Fronter. All students registered at the course JUS5402 is automatically members of the Fronter room JUS5402.
The background information to the Plan is not permitted. Any edition of the former Norwegian Marine Insurance Plan is not permitted to use during the exam.
- Women`s Law and Human Rights (JUS5910/JUR1910):
Fauchald, Ole Kristian og Bård Sverre Tuseth: ”Global and European Treaties”, Oslo and/or "Global and Regional Treaties", Oslo
Blackstone’s EU Treaties and Legislation 2011-2012 by Nigel Foster.
Chapter 4: Open book exam
You are permitted to use paper printouts or paper publications of any literature during the examination (e.g., course literature, lecture notes, dictionaries). You are also allowed to use handwritten notes on paper. No electronic support materials will be allowed.
The rules in chapter 1 and 2 in this regulation don’t apply to open book digital school examinations.
Use of sources and rules for citing.
The standard rules on cheating and plagiarism which apply to assignments apply also to the written open book examination. This means that you must provide a reference whenever you draw upon another person’s ideas, words or research in your answer to the exam question(s). You cannot copy text directly from textbooks, journal articles, court judgments etc. without highlighting that the text is copied.
Thus, pieces of text quoted verbatim from these and other sources must be italicised or otherwise highlighted so that it is obvious that the pieces of text are quotes.
Example of highlighting in a text:
"Laurent Bailay and Bernard Van der Lande propose to define a mobile payment as a “payment for products or services between two parties for which a mobile device, such as a mobile phone, plays a key role in the realization of the payment”. (European Commission, GREEN PAPER Towards an integrated European market for card, internet and mobile payments, page 5)"
Failure to cite sources or highlight quotes in your exam answer may be considered as evidence of cheating.
The following courses have open book examination:
- Comparative Private Law (JUS5240/JUR1240)
- English Law of Contract (JUS5260/JUR1260)
- EU-Competition Law (JUS5310/JUR1310)
- International Constitutional Law and Democracy (JUS5560/JUR1560)
- International Climate Change and Energy Law (JUS5911)
- International Criminal Law (JUS5570)
- Intellectual Property Law in the Information Society (JUS5660)
- International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict) (JUS5730/JUR1730)
- International Human Rights Law: Institutions and Procedures (JUS5710/JUR1710)
- International Commercial Arbitration (JUS5852)
- International Investment Law (JUS5851)
- Law of the Sea (JUS5405)
- Petroleum Law (JUS5411)
- Public International Law (JUS5540)
- Privacy and Data Protection (JUS5630/JUR1630)
- Refugee and Asylum Law (JUS5530/JUR1530)