National implementation of non-binding instruments to address the problem of space debris

In this lecture we'll discuss what legal and practical questions the development of space law, through 'soft law' and national space law, does raise. If you want to attend the seminar in person, please register here:

A satellite in outer space, whit the earth in the background. Photo.

Photo: Agence spatiale européenne (ESA), 2016

Join the seminar:

It is possible to join the seminar in person or by zoom.
Please register if you want to attend the seminar in person in Lødrups kjeller. Link to the register form:
If you want to attend via Zoom, registration is not needed. On the day of the seminar, you join using this link:

About the topic:

Space activities are going through a paradigm change due to new space actors, novel ideas to use and explore outer space. This development puts pressure to authorities to create solutions to maintain the long-term sustainability of spaceflight. As Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty requires States Parties to authorize and continuously supervise national space activities, many States are acting national space laws to respond to these trends. International and national law is complemented by a wide variety of non-legally binding instruments, including behavioural guidelines, industry best practices and technical standards. A prominent example are guidelines and standards aimed at mitigating space debris. These norms of non-legally binding character can be ‘incorporated’ in national space laws and can become binding legal obligations at national level. This development of space law through ‘soft law’ and national space laws raise legal and practical questions, which will be discussed in this lecture.

About the speakers:

Jenni Tapio

Ms. Jenni Tapio works as a Chief Specialist with a special focus on space activities, representing Finland at the United Nations (UN) Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) as the head of delegation to the legal and scientific
subcommittees and as alternate head of delegation in the main committee.

Ms. Tapio is involved in the activity of the European Space Agency (ESA) in her current roles as the vice-chair of its international relations committee, as well as a delegate of the programme board on space situational awareness and the committee
dealing with industrial policy. Ms. Tapio is also a member of the board of the European Centre for Space Law (ECSL). 

Ms. Tapio is chairing the Finnish Space Committee’s division on space situational awareness, and is a member of the secretariat of the Space Committee.

Read more about Jenni Tapio here: Jenni_Tapio_bio.pdf

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Alexander Soucek

Alexander Soucek is the Head of the Public International Law Division of the European Space Agency (ESA). He also serves as the Secretary of the International Space Station Coordination Committee and the legal advisor of ESA’s International Relations Committee, and represents ESA in the Legal Subcommittee of the UN COPUOS.

He is a corresponding member of the International Academy of Astronautics, a member of the International Institute of Space Law and of the European Centre for Space Law, and serves as a Director of the World Space Week Association. From 2003-2020, he also served as a member of the Executive Board, and president of the Austrian Space Forum.

Read more about Alexander Soucek here: Alexander_Soucek_bio.pdf

Portraitpicture of Alexander soucek

Published Oct. 6, 2021 10:57 AM - Last modified Oct. 11, 2021 2:05 PM