Symposium on Security, AI and Robotics
This symposium explores cutting-edge regulatory challenges with respect to managing cybersecurity and privacy-related issues arising from the deployment of ‘smart’ robotics. The symposium is held under the aegis of the research projects ‘Security in Internet Governance and Networks: Analysing the Law’ (SIGNAL) and ‘Vulnerability in the Robotic Society’ (VIROS).
Below are some of the speakers and the topics they will present. For a detailed and complete program click here.
Registration is mandatory and will close at September 2nd. There are limited number of seats, so make sure to sign up early.
Making Democracy Harder to Hack
Professor Scott Shackelford, Director of the Ostrom Workshop Program on Cybersecurity and Internet Governance, Indiana University
In the wake of the 2016 U.S. elections, along with follow-up disinformation campaigns in the EU and elsewhere making use of ‘flooding’ and ‘confidence’ attacks, a debate is brewing about how to mitigate a range of threats to democratic institutions. Beyond political parties, vulnerabilities are replete across election infrastructures. Developing nations, emerging markets, and advanced democracies around the world are grappling with the best ways to manage cyber risk and build trust in diverse voting systems. But important questions remain unanswered, including: what are the main ways in which democratic nations can boost deterrence and build resilience against disinformation campaigns and cyber-attacks on election infrastructure, e.g., are risk-limiting audits and paper trails enough? How can international cyber threat information sharing be made more seamless to better protect democracies against shared threats? What role can and should international norms play in this process? Ultimately, what can nations learn from one another to help make our democracies harder to hack?
AI, Ethics and Global Governance: Views from East and West
Dr Angela Daly, Senior Lecturer, Law School, Strathclyde University
AI ethics initiatives and statements are currently proliferating around the world, from both public agencies and private companies, and also via multistakeholder initiatives. This presentation gives an overview of how the 'big jurisdictions' and geopolitical actors, namely the EU, US, China and India, are or are not addressing this topic. The talk is based on this recent research report led by the presenter: https://angeladaly.files.wordpress.com/2019/06/artificial-intelligence-ethics-and-global-governance_final.pdf
Cybersecurity as a Political and Ethical Value in Autonomous Vehicles
Dr Jake Goldenfein, Research Fellow, Digital Life Initiative, Cornell Tech
This talk begins by challenging the SAE standards for vehicle automation levels as problematically presenting the development of autonomous vehicles as gradual and linear. In fact, each step along that trajectory embodies a different system of actors and components actively controlling vehicles, a different political agenda promoted by different stakeholders, and a different configuration of political and ethical values. To contrast that approach, this talk presents three 'archetypes' of autonomous transport futures (autonomous cars, advanced driver assist, and connected cars), and an analytic model called 'handoff', as a way to redirect our thinking away from the notion of objects and tasks, and towards complex systems of digital and physical infrastructure that implicate certain interests and values in different ways. One of the values in this analysis is 'security'. Different models of autonomous driving systems and infrastructure, and the influence of different approaches to design and implementations, implicate security in different ways. This analysis tracks how different autonomous vehicle archetypes necessitate different security philosophies, and evaluates their consequences for stakeholders.
Techno-Legal Consciousness: Lessons for Robotics Regulation
Professor Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Professor Malcolm Langford and Research Fellow Kjersti Lohne, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo
Citizen’s lives are increasingly ‘ruled’ by technology. Emotion, thought, communication and action is mediated through or determined by a panoply of new technologies. This new 'regime' has both sociological and legal consequences. In this presentation, we identify three techno-legal transformations (the displacement, confounding and inflection of law) and propose a research agenda on the changing cultural constructions of law, namely the idea of techno-legal consciousness. While there is a long tradition of studying ‘legal consciousness’ and, to a slightly lesser degree, ‘technological consciousness’, we argue that only a united analytical framework can capture the co-constitutive role of law and technology in producing and disrupting social constructions of law and governance. The presentation reviews the respective consciousness literatures, outlines an analytical framework for studying techno-legal consciousness, and draws some ‘lessons’ that this analytical framework produces for regulatory responses to the development and deployment of robotics.