Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

Image of Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
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Phone +47 22850123
Room 769
Visiting address Kristian Augusts gate 17 Domus Juridica 8.etg 0164 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 6706 St. Olavs plass 0130 Oslo

Academic interests

Kristin Bergtora Sandvik’s research agenda focuses on juridification and legal mobilization in the context of the digital transformation, humanitarian emergencies and terror.  She also works on refugee resettlement, gender and the law. She is particularly interested in accountability, ethics, rights and social justice issues.  While she has mainly used the qualitative methods of socio-legal studies, anthropology of law and international law (structured and semi-structured interviews, participant observation, literature reviews, discourse analysis, doctrinal legal analysis), she has have also directed mixed-methods projects involving household surveys and statistical comparison. Her geographic areas of expertise are Norway, Colombia and Uganda. 

Sandvik has been the project leader of six projects financed by the Research Council of Norway. From 2017, Sandvik has worked on the legal effects of the July 22, 2011 terror attack, with specific attention to the reconstruction of the Government Quarters and memorials. Sandvik is the project leader for LAW22JULY: RIPPLES: Rights, Institutions, Procedures, Participation, Litigation: Embedding Security (SAMRISK). She also participates in the project Vulnerability in the Robot Society (VIROS) and the initiative "COVID-19 and the rule of law". She is a member of the Ethics Advisory Board for the Human Brain Project (neuroscience, computing, and brain-related medicine). Sandvik is also the project leader of the PRIO-based Do No Harm: Ethical Humanitarian Innovation and Digital Bodies (NORGLOBAL).

Sandvik has published in journals such as Law and Society Review, Feminist Legal Studies, PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, Yale Journal of International Law, Cornell Journal of International Law, Big Data & Society, Journal of Human Rights Practice, International Journal of Human Rights, International Journal of Refugee Law, Third World Quarterly, Third World Thematics, Oslo Law Review, the Australian Feminist Law Journal, Journal of Military Ethics, International Review of the Red Cross, Disasters, Millennium-Journal of International Studies, Refugee Survey Quarterly, Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Conjuntura Austral and RIS - La Revue internationale et stratégique.  Sandviks work has been translated into multiple languages, including Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish.



Kristin Bergtora Sandvik graduated from the University of Oslo with a Masters in Women’s Law in 2002.  She obtained an LL.M (waived) from Harvard Law School in 2003, and a doctorate in Juridical Sciences (S.J.D) from Harvard Law School in 2008. Her dissertation was called “On the Everyday Life of International Law: Humanitarianism and Refugee- Resettlement in Kampala”. Sandvik has also studied social anthropology at the University of Oslo, and she has been a guest researcher at the Oxford Refugee Studies Centre and the Refugee Law Project (Uganda).

In 2009, Sandvik was hired by the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) as a senior researcher. In 2011, Sandvik co-founded the Norwegian Center for Humanitarian Studies (NCHS), where she was the director from 2012 to 2016. From May 2016, Sandvik has been an associate professor at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, while maintaining a 20% position as a research professor in humanitarian studies at PRIO.





  • Hellum, Anne; Skilbrei, May-Len & Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2022). Kjønn, makt og rett: Samfunnsfaglige perspektiver på og i kvinneretten . In Ikdahl, Ingunn; Hellum, Anne; Asland, John; Bruserud, Herman; Hjort, Maria Astrup; Jonassen, Bjørk Gudmundsdottir & Skilbrei, May-Len (Ed.), Gender and Law: Women's, Gender and Gender-Equality Perspectives in Legal Studies. Cappelen Damm Akademisk. ISSN 9788202669690. p. 361–392.
  • Bjørkhaug, Ingunn & Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2022). Review Essay: Refugees as Economic Agents in Protection Systems. International Migration Review. ISSN 0197-9183.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Ikdahl, Ingunn; Lohne, Kjersti; Vestad, Maja; Sørlie, Anniken & Moe-Pryce, Marit (2022). Law after July 22, 2011: Survivors, Memory and Reconstruction. PRIO Paper. Full text in Research Archive
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021). Digital Refugee Lawyering: Risk, Legal Knowledge, and Accountability. Refugee Survey Quarterly. ISSN 1020-4067. 40(4), p. 414–432. doi: 10.1093/rsq/hdab013.
  • de Lauri, Antonio & Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021). Public Anthropology in the Digital Era. In Callan, Hilary & Coleman, Simon (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. John Wiley & Sons. ISSN 9781118924396. doi: https%3A/
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021). Refugees and the Scope for Mandatory COVID-19 Vaccination. Cornell international law journal. ISSN 0010-8812. 54, p. 16–20.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Ikdahl, Ingunn (2021). COVID-19: Towards a Digital Fragmentation of the Right to Education? Yale Journal of International Law. ISSN 0889-7743.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021). The digital transformation of refugee governance. In Costello, Cathryn; Foster, Michelle & McAdam, Jane (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law. Oxford University Press. ISSN 9780198848639. doi: 10.1093/law/9780198848639.003.0057.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021). The Norwegian COVID-19 Tracing App Experiment: Lessons for Governance and Civic Activism. IEEE technology & society magazine. ISSN 0278-0097. 40(3), p. 66–73. doi: 10.1109/MTS.2021.3101824.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Ikdahl, Ingunn & Lohne, Kjersti (2021). Law after July 22 2011: Survivors, reconstruction and memory. Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift. ISSN 2535-2512. 5(3), p. 28–45. doi: 10.18261/issn.2535-2512-2021-03-03. Full text in Research Archive
  • Borchgrevink, Kaja Christine Andersen & Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2021). The afterlife of buzzwords: the journey of rights-based approaches through the humanitarian sector. International Journal of Human Rights. ISSN 1364-2987. p. 1–21. doi: 10.1080/13642987.2021.1916476.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2020). Barn, korona og dobbeltdugnaden. Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. ISSN 0800-336X.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Lohne, Kjersti (2020). The struggle against sexual violence in conflict: Investigating the digital turn. International Review of the Red Cross. ISSN 1816-3831. 102(913), p. 95–115. doi: 10.1017/S1816383121000060.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2020). “Smittestopp”: If you want your freedom back, download now. Big Data and Society. ISSN 2053-9517. doi: 10.1177/2053951720939985.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2020). Humanitarian Wearables: Digital Bodies, Experimentation and Ethics. In Messelken, Daniel & Winkler, David W. (Ed.), Ethics of Medical Innovation, Experimentation, and Enhancement in Military and Humanitarian Contexts. Springer. ISSN 978-3-030-36319-2. p. 87–101.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2020). Digital Dead Body Management (DDBM): Time to Think it Through. Journal of Human Rights Practice. ISSN 1757-9619. 12(2), p. 428–443. doi: 10.1093/jhuman/huaa002.
  • Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2020). Wearables for something good: aid, dataveillance and the production of children’s digital bodies. Information, Communication & Society. ISSN 1369-118X. doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2020.1753797.

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Published May 19, 2016 1:17 PM - Last modified Jan. 17, 2022 2:08 PM