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Radicalization and Resistance

The project explores the relationship between everyday religion and extremism.

Background

In recent years, several terror attacks in Europe have been inspired by violent jihadism. Some young Muslims are attracted to violent interpretations of Islam and some have traveled to conflict areas in order to join terror organizations, which has received much media attention. Many of them do not have a religious background, but come from a social context of street culture, illegal drug use and crime.

The gangsters-gone-jihadists represent a small minority of Norwegian Muslims. Most young Muslims in Norway are opposed to violent extremism and in this project, we also study how and why jihadi rhetoric is rejected in the regular Muslim populations. In  the Norwegian-language book "Unge Muslims Stemmer" (Young Muslim Voices") we summarize these results, emphasizing the everyday beliefs of young Muslims and their views on religious  extremism.

The project will have a conference in 2020 (more information to follow).

Professor Sveinung Sandberg leads the project.

About the Project

We highlight what Islam signifies for young Muslims, as well as their mechanisms of resistance to jihadism. The social and cultural backgrounds for religious extremism are also uncovered.

The data consists of interviews with young “regular” Muslims, fieldwork in a criminal environment and online extreme material. The project is divided into three subprojects. The first studies Muslim everyday religion and resistance to extremism among young Muslims. The second subproject analyzes the subtle connections between street culture and jihadi subcultures, while jihadi organizations’ use of internet and social media are identified in the third project.

New insight regarding extremism online and in street culture are important, but it is essential to look at how extremism is refuted within Muslim communities. By thoroughly gathering counter-narratives to violent jihadism, preventive steps can be adapted. This will also provide a more informed public debate on Islam and nuance existing prejudices.

Sub-projects

Financing

The project is financed by the Research Council of Norway, through the SAMKUL-program.

 

 

Cooperation

The project cooperates with researchers from the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom), the University of Tennessee (USA), the University of Alberta (USA), the University of Tampere (Finland), the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).

Publications

  • Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed & Sveinung Sandberg (2019). "Jeg kan ikke se søstre gå i den fella". Unge muslimer som forebyggere, In Geir Heierstad & Stian Lid (ed.),  Forebygging av radikalisering og voldelig ekstremisme. Norske handlemåter i møtet med terror.  Gyldendal Akademisk.  ISBN 9788205518346.  9.  s 199 - 222
  • Jonathan Ilan & Sveinung Sandberg (2019). How 'gangsters' become jihadists: Bourdieu, criminology and the crime-terrorism nexus. European Journal of Criminology.  ISSN 1477-3708.
  • Jan Christoffer Andersen & Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Islamic State Propaganda: Between social movement framing and subcultural provocation. Terrorism and Political Violence.  ISSN 0954-6553.

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  • Sveinung Sandberg; Jan Christoffer Andersen; Tiffany Linn Utvær Gasser; Marius Linge; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed; Samah Shokr & Sébastien Tutenges, Sébastien Tutenges; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed; Marius Linge; Samah Shokr; Jan Christoffer Andersen; Sveinung Sandberg & Tiffany Linn Utvær Gasser (ed.) (2018). Unge muslimske stemmer: Om tro og ekstremisme. Universitetsforlaget.  ISBN 9788215031262.  280 s.

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  • Sébastien Tutenges (2018). Gatekultur og jihadisme.
  • Marius Linge & Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed (2018). Jihadism, faith and everyday resistance.
  • Marius Linge; Jan Christoffer Andersen; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed & Samah Shokr (2018). Jihadism, faith and everyday resistance.
  • Marius Linge; Samah Shokr; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed; Tiffany Linn Utvær Gasser; Jan Christoffer Andersen & Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Jihad - det er jackpot for dem.
  • Marius Linge; Samah Shokr; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed; Tiffany Linn Utvær Gasser; Jan Christoffer Andersen & Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Jihad - det er jackpot for dem.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Gammel gatekultur møter en ny jihadi cool.
  • Jan Christoffer Andersen; Marius Linge; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed & Sébastien Tutenges (2018). Motstand mot ekstremisme.
  • Marius Linge (2018). Hva skaper radikalisering?.
  • Sébastien Tutenges (2018). Modstand mod jihadisme.
  • Sébastien Tutenges (2018). Oppostion from the street.
  • Sébastien Tutenges (2018). Street crime and jihadism.
  • Marius Linge (2018). Jihadism, faith and everyday resistance.
  • Sveinung Sandberg; Marius Linge; Jan Christoffer Andersen; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed; Samah Shokr & Tiffany Linn Utvær Gasser (2018). Jihadism, faith and everyday resistance.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Gatekultur, radikalisering og motstand.
  • Sveinung Sandberg; Jan Christoffer Andersen; Tiffany Linn Utvær Gasser; Idil Abdi Abdulle Mohamed & Marius Linge (2018). Unge muslimske stemmer.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2018). How ‘gangsters’ become jihadists (and why most don’t): Bourdieu, criminology and the crime-terrorism nexus.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2018). How 'gangsters' become jihadists (and why most don't): Bourdieu, criminology and the crime-terrorism nexus.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Changes in Street Culture: The new role of religion.
  • Jan Christoffer Andersen & Sveinung Sandberg (2018). Unge norske muslimer driver «hverdagsmotstand» mot ekstremisme. Aftenposten Viten.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2017). Gatekultur og Jihadisme.
  • Sébastien Tutenges (2017). Emotional barriers to jihadism.
  • Marius Linge (2017). Resistance towards jihadism among Young Norwegian Salafis.
  • Sveinung Sandberg (2017). The street-jihadi nexus.
  •  (2017). Forskere forklarer hvorfor unge muslimske menn og kvinner tiltrekkes, eller motstår, voldelig jihadisme.

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Published Sep. 19, 2016 3:22 PM - Last modified Jan. 28, 2019 9:06 AM

Participants

Detailed list of participants