Freya Baetens

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Visiting address Kristian Augusts gate 17 Domus Juridica 7.etg 0164 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 6706 St. Olavs plass 0130 Oslo

Biography

Freya Baetens (Cand./Lic.Jur. (Ghent); LL.M. (Columbia); Ph.D. (Cambridge)) is Professor of Public International Law at the PluriCourts Centre (Faculty of Law, Oslo University), working on an interdisciplinary research project evaluating the legitimacy of international courts and tribunals. She is also affiliated with the Europa Institute (Faculty of Law, Leiden University).

As a Member of the Brussels Bar, she acts as counsel or expert in international and European disputes. She is listed on the Panel of Arbitrators and Conciliators of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the South China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (Shenzhen Court of International Arbitration) and the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC).

In 2010, Freya Baetens was elected Member of the Executive Council of the Society of International Law (SIEL) and awarded a Fellowship of the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL). In 2014, she was appointed Rapporteur of the International Law Association (ILA) Study Group on Preferential Trade and Investment Agreements. She serves on the Editorial Board of the Leiden Journal of International Law and the Academic Review Board of the Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law.

She has published on a wide range of topics, incl. law of treaties, responsibility of states and international organisations, law of the sea, WTO and investment law, energy law and sustainable development.

As a W.M. Tapp scholar and a fellow of the European Trust and the Cambridge European Society, she was awarded a PhD degree from Cambridge University. Previously, she obtained the Cand.Jur./Lic.Jur. degree (LLB/LLM equiv.) magna cum laude at Ghent University and the LL.M. degree with honours at Columbia University in New York (BAEF and Fulbright Fellow).

Publications

  • Baetens, Freya (2022). Agents of cross-fertilisation: abusive forum shopping or legitimate forum choice? In Giorgetti, Chiara & Pollack, Mark A (Ed.), Beyond Fragmentation: Cross-Fertilisation, Cooperation and Competition among International Courts and Tribunals. Cambridge University Press. ISSN 9781009118002.
  • Crawford, James & Baetens, Freya (2021). The ILC Articles on State Responsibility: More than a “Plank in a Shipwreck”? ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal. ISSN 0258-3690.
  • Baetens, Freya & Lavista, Veronica (2021). Where is your tribunal? Bernard Loder (1849-1935) and the quest for international justice. In Morris, P Sean (Eds.), The League of Nations and the Development of International Law: A New Intellectual History of the Advisory Committee of Jurists . Routledge. ISSN 9780367897536. p. 195–217.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). CETA Article 8.21: Consultations. In Bungenberg, Marc & Reinisch, August (Ed.), CETA: A Commentary . Nomos. ISSN 9781509934676. p. 461–478.
  • Nussberger, Angelika & Baetens, Freya (2020). Diversity on the Bench of the European Court of Human Rights: A Clash of Paradigms. In Baetens, Freya (Eds.), Identity and Diversity on the International Bench: Who is the Judge?. Oxford University Press. ISSN 9780198870753. p. 479–493.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Identity and diversity on the international bench: implications for the legitimacy of international adjudication. In Baetens, Freya (Eds.), Identity and Diversity on the International Bench: Who is the Judge?. Oxford University Press. ISSN 9780198870753. p. 1–26.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Introductory note to Jadhav case (India v. Pakistan) (ICJ). International legal Materials. ISSN 1930-6571. 59(2), p. 187–190. doi: 10.1017/ilm.2020.12.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). Unseen actors in international courts and tribunals: challenging the legitimacy of international adjudication. In Baetens, Freya (Eds.), Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication. Cambridge University Press. ISSN 9781108641685. p. 1–28. doi: 10.1017/9781108641685.001.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). Invoking human rights: A useful line of attack or a defence tool for States in investor-State dispute settlement? In Scheinin, Martin (Eds.), Human Rights Norms in ‘Other' International Courts. Cambridge University Press. ISSN 9781108499736. p. 227–262. doi: 10.1017/9781108584623.008.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). Combating climate change through the promotion of green investment: from Kyoto to Paris without regime-specific dispute settlement. In Miles, Kate (Eds.), Research Handbook on Environment and Investment Law. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISSN 978 1 78471 462 8. p. 107–130. doi: 10.4337/9781784714635.00010.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). First to rise and first to fall: the Court of Cartago (1907-1918). In de la Rasilla, Ignacio & Viñuales, Jorge E. (Ed.), Experiments in International Adjudication: Historical Accounts . Cambridge University Press. ISSN 9781108565967. p. 211–239. doi: 10.1017/9781108565967.011.
  • Baetens, Freya (2018). Diplomatic Protection. In Wolfrum, Rüdiger; Grote, Rainer & Lachenmann, Frauke (Ed.), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford University Press. ISSN 978-0199689286.
  • Choi, Won-Mog & Baetens, Freya (2018). Regional Co-operation and Organization: Asian States, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press. ISSN 978-0199689651.
  • Baetens, Freya (2018). Decolonization of Belgian Territories, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press. ISSN 978-0199689651.
  • Baetens, Freya (2018). European Community and Union: Association of Overseas Countries and Territories, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press. ISSN 978-0199689651.
  • Baetens, Freya & Kluwen, Tim (2018). International Court of Justice. In Martel, Gordon (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy. Wiley-Blackwell. ISSN 9781118887912. p. 914–932. doi: 10.1002/9781118885154.dipl0127.
  • Baetens, Freya (2018). No Deal is Better Than a Bad Deal? The Fallacy of the WTO Fall-Back Option as a post-Brexit Safety Net. Common market law review. ISSN 0165-0750. 55(2/3), p. 133–174. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bronckers, Marco & Baetens, Freya (2017). Financial Payments as a Remedy in WTO Dispute Settlement Proceedings. An Update, WTO Dispute Settlement: A Check-Up. Peter Lang Publishing Group. ISSN 978-2807602878. p. 67–98. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2707551.
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of Investor-State Dispute Settlement as compared to WTO Dispute Settlement, WTO Dispute Settlement: A Check-Up. Peter Lang Publishing Group. ISSN 978-2807602878. p. 145–164.
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). Judicial Review of International Adjudicatory Decisions: A Cross-Regime Comparison of Annulment and Appellate Mechanisms. Journal of International Dispute Settlement. ISSN 2040-3585. 8(3), p. 432–459. doi: 10.1093/jnlids/idw021. Full text in Research Archive
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). Attention à la marche! L'importance des dispositions transitoires pour les traités d'investissement bilatéraux conclus entre les États membres de l'UE et les États tiers . Cahiers de Droit Europeen. ISSN 0007-9758. 3, p. 611–647. Full text in Research Archive
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). State Responsibility. In Cottier, Thomas & Schefer, Krista Nadakavukaren (Ed.), Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISSN 978-1-78471-353-9. p. 285–289.
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). Pacta Sunt Servanda. In Cottier, Thomas & Schefer, Krista Nadakavukaren (Ed.), Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISSN 978-1-78471-353-9. p. 283–285.
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). The Iron Rhine Case: On the right track to sustainable development? In Cordonnier Segger, Marie-Claire & Weeramantry, H.E. Judge C.G. (Ed.), Sustainable Development Principles in the Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals: 1992-2012. Routledge. ISSN 978-1-138-78005-7. p. 297–315. doi: 10.4324/9781315769639-12.

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  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Identity and Diversity on the International Bench: Who is the Judge? Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198870753. 592 p.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108641685. 496 p.
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). International Economic Law – Contemporary Issues. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-44645-5. 288 p.

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  • Baetens, Freya (2021). The WTO and climate change mitigation and adaptation. In Delimatsis, Panos & Reins, Leonie (Ed.), Encyclopedia on Trade and Environmental Law. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISSN 978 1 78347 697 8.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Transcending Traditional Boundaries of Sovereignty and Territorial Jurisdiction: Investment Law and the Digital Economy – Response to Andrea Bjorklund.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Protecting global public goods through erga omnes obligations: From the International Court of Justice to domestic litigation?
  • Baetens, Freya & Bismuth, Régis (2021). Face à Face: Interview with Angelika Nussberger – Professor and Former Judge and Vice-President of the European Court of Human Rights. The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals. ISSN 1569-1853. p. 225–233.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). CBAM: reconciling EU climate ambitions with competitiveness.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). State consent to jurisdiction under international investment agreements: pick and choose?
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Lifting the Corporate Veil between China and its State-Owned Enterprises.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Attribution of Conduct of State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) to States:
New Prominence, New (Interpretation of) Rules?
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Evaluating compromissory clauses: “Matters provided in treaties and conventions in force”.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Structural Reform or Marginal Adjustment? Improving Nomination and Election Procedures to the International Bench.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Must the age of the individual end? The push for collective rights in international lawmaking.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Attribution of Conduct of State-Owned Enterprises to States: New Prominence, New Rules?
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Judges’ identity and diversity: differences between domestic and international adjudication.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Public health rights vs international trade rules: how to resolve the tension’.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Mind the gap – Geographical Diversity between East and West in International Arbitration.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Better or worse: comparing the new model BITs of India, Colombia, the Czech Republic, and the Netherlands with their respective predecessors or older treaties?
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). China and International Investment Law – An Emerging Rule-Maker?
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). Sustainable Investment: Mobilising Legal and Institutional Reform for Investment and Long-Term Sustainable Development.
  • Baetens, Freya (2021). International Courts: Legitimacy, Perception and Outcomes.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Evaluating Compromissory Clauses Submitting Disputes to ICJ Jurisdiction: ‘Matters Provided in Treaties and Conventions in Force’ .
  • Baetens, Freya & Bismuth, Régis (2020). Face à Face: Interview with Giorgio Sacerdoti – Professor, Arbitrator and Former Member and President of the WTO Appellate Body. The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals. ISSN 1569-1853. 19(3), p. 351–364.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). COVID-19 Defences against International Trade Law Claims.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). State consent to jurisdiction under UNCLOS: divide and adjudicate?
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Between Universalism and State Consent: Regional Customary International Law before the ICJ.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Regional integration organisations and dispute settlement (intensive lecture series).
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Working with authors: Second International Law Review Editors Roundtable.
  • Baetens, Freya (2020). Regionalism, Universalism and State Consent: Custom and the International Court of Justice.
  • Baetens, Freya & Bismuth, Régis (2020). Editorial. The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals. ISSN 1569-1853. p. 3–4.
  • Baetens, Freya & Bismuth, Régis (2020). Face à Face: Interview with Paolina Massidda – Principal Counsel of the Independent Office of the Public Counsel for Victims at the International Criminal Court. The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals. ISSN 1569-1853. 19(2), p. 135–143.
  • Baetens, Freya & Bodeau-Livinec, Pierre (2019). Face à Face: Interview with ICJ President Yusuf – President of the International Court of Justice. The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals. ISSN 1569-1853. 18(3), p. 267–278.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). ‘Human rights norms before specialised courts and tribunals: WTO, ISDS, CJEU, African regional courts and ITLOS’.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). ‘UNCLOS: a tool for regional peace, stability and sustainable use of resources?’.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). High-jacking anticipated, prevented and overcome: how to safeguard the WTO appellate system - and beyond.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). State consent to the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice: modify or perish.
  • Baetens, Freya; Paparinskis, Martins; Mitrev-Penusliski, Ilija & Gaffney, John (2019). Modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), Special Issue. Transnational Dispute Management. ISSN 1875-4120.
  • Baetens, Freya (2019). Ejusdem Generis and Noscitur a Sociis. In Klingler, Joseph; Parkhomenko, Yuri & Salonidis, Constantinos (Ed.), Between the Lines of the Vienna Convention? Canons and Other Principles of Interpretation in Public International Law . Wolters Kluwer. ISSN 9789041184030. p. 133–160.
  • Baetens, Freya (2018). Blogpost ‘The Feasibility of Falling Back: the UK, the EU and the WTO – After Brexit’, http://regulatingforglobalization.com/ (17 Oct. 2018) .
  • Baetens, Freya (2018). The Feasibility of Falling Back: the UK, the EU and the WTO – After Brexit - http://regulatingforglobalization.com/ (17 Oct. 2018).
  • Baetens, Freya (2017). Blogpost: ‘Increasing importance of the transitory mechanism regulating EU Member States’ BITs with third countries: good intentions but problematic implementation?’, http://regulatingforglobalization.com/ (21 Dec. 2017).

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Published Dec. 16, 2016 9:30 AM - Last modified Jan. 17, 2022 12:57 PM