Inger Johanne Sand

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Phone +47-22850213
Visiting address St. Olavs plass 5 5th floor Domus Nova 0165 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 6706 St. Olavs plass 0130 OSLO


Cand.jur. 1981. Dr.juris. 1994 on the dissertation "Styring av kompleksitet. Rettslige former for statlig rammestyring og desentralisert statsforvaltning" ("Governing complexity. Legal forms of centralised and decentralised public administration.") (Published 1996). Professor in public law 2002. Affiliated with research programs under the Norwegian Research Council: - LOS-programmet (Leadership, organisation og governing), 1988-1996, (member of the board 1993-96.), - ARENA (Advanced Research on the Europeanisation of the Nation-state) 1993-2002 (member of the board 1993-95, full time researcher 1996-97). Visiting fellow at the European University Institute spring term 2001. Member of several governmental commissions, head of commisssion on the use of state corporations for services of general interest, 2003). Member of Regional committee on ethics for medical research (eastern region), 2001- . Head of departement Ministry of Finance 1985-86.

Research interests

Multidisiciplinary research in general public law and in certain specific fields, cfr. below, covering several crossboundary themes in administrative and constitutional law, EU-law, environmental law, legal sociology og legal theory. Doctoral dissertation on administrative and organisational legal reform in public administration 1985-94. Changes are discussed in relation to long term trajectories exemplified by the concepts rule-of-law, planning and welfare state and network state and in relation to theories on procedural and reflexive law. Post-doctoral research has included the following areas:

1) The further development of public and state organisational models with a specific interest in the use of state corporations and foundations attached to public and state administration particularly in relation to organization of services of general economic interest. The development of forms of public and regulatory law, particularly concerning procedural, discretionary, selfregulatory and reflexive law.

2)EEA- and EU-law with a specific focus on the relationship between trade and the protection of health and the environment, and on competition law, state subsidies and services of general economic interest. The treaty and constitutional development of the EU and between the EU and the EEA and their member states.

3) The development of an increasingly comprehensive public international law as well as an increasing network of transnational law, both including areas such as trade law, environmental law, human rights, penal law and an international constitutional law. This includes the study of new concepts such as transnational and governance on international relations and the increasing relevance also of private actors in international governance.

4) Environmental law with a focus on the regulation of bio- and genetic techologies, including the devolpment of the precautionary principle and the relationship between trade and protection of health and the environment internationally.

5) Legal theory studies with an emphasis on modern and current legal theories (such as Niklas Luhmann, Gunther Teubner, Jürgen Habermas, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida and the directions of ciritical legal theory in the Nordic countries, Europe and the US). Legal theories are also applied in contexta with some of the emerging and current changes in the legal regimes mentioned above. That is: - the increasing Europeanisation and internationalisation of law, - the regulation of bio- and genetic technologies, - competition and trade law and environmental protection/services of general economic interest, - changes in the preconditions of democratic government as well as changes in the relations between public and private spheres.

International cooperation: - Project on "Transnational governance and Constitutionalism" at European University Institute, Florence; - Changes in the forms of public administration and legal regulation, in cooperation with researchers at Copenhagen Business School (institute of management, politics and philosophy); - Legal Theory network among Nordic colleagues in Gothenburg, Copenhagen, Lund, Helsinki; - member of Committee on Biotechnology of the International Law Association.

Some publications are on the ARENAs web site. (Workingpapers: no.8, 18 and 29/1997, no.14/2000, no.4/2002
See also: articles in European Law Journal, no.3, vol.4, 1998, Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, Bd.22, H.2, 2001; and in "Transnational Governance and Constitutionalism", eds. Joerges, Sand, Teubner, Oxford: Hart, 2004.


  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2018). Varieties of authority in international law – state-consent, international organisations, courts, experts and citizens, In Patrick Capps & Henrik Palmer Olsen (ed.),  Legal authority beyond the state.  Cambridge University Press.  ISBN 9781107190269.  6.  s 161 - 187
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). Environmental Law In The Age Of The Anthropocene: How To Normatively Communicate On Environmental Change And Risks?, In Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos & Victoria Brooks (ed.),  Research Methods in Environmental Law. A Handbook.  Edward Elgar Publishing.  ISBN 978 1 78471 256 3.  16.  s 396 - 415
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). Kan retten bidra til å ivareta samfunnet - mellom liberale rettigheter, internasjonale markeder og statlige konstitusjoner?, I: Mette Hartlev; Stine Jørgensen; Helga Aune & Anne Hellum (red.),  Ketsch me if you can. Sociale rettigheder og ligestilling.  Karnov Group.  ISBN 978-87-619-3854-1.  kapitel.  s 239 - 249
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). The Interaction of Society, Politics and Law: The Legal and Communicative Theories of Habermas, Luhmann and Teubner., In Christopher Thornhill (ed.),  Luhmann and Law.  Routledge.  ISBN 9781472455598.  Part 9.

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  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). Rett, samfunn og legitimitet. Universitetsforlaget.  ISBN 978-82-15-02744-9.  190 s.

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  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). Hva er forskjellen på rettshistorisk og rettssosiologisk metode?.
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). Marx og arbeidsbegrepet.
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). Rettslige og etiske perspektiver på autonome våpensystemer.
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). The Varieties of Legal Authority in International Law.
  • Sand, Inger Johanne (2017). The lack of self-reflection of democratic constitutional states under conditions of globalization - the Nordic model.

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Published Apr. 21, 2008 10:18 AM - Last modified May 13, 2013 11:33 AM


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