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Convention On Biological Diversity (1992)


Article 1 - Objectives

Article 2 - Use of Terms

Article 3 - Principle

Article 4 - Jurisdictional Scope

Article 5 - Co-operation

Article 6 - General Measures for Conservation and Sustainable Use

Article 7 - Identification and Monitoring

Article 8 - In-situ Conservation

Article 9 - Ex-situ Conservation

Article 10 - Sustainable Use of Components of Biological Diversity

Article 11 - Incentive Measures

Article 12 - Research and Training

Article 13 - Public Education and Awareness

Article 14 - Impact Assessment and Minimizing Adverse Impact

Article 15 - Access to Genetic Resources

Article 16 - Access to and Transfer of Technology

Article 17 - Exchange of Information

Article 18 - Technical and Scientific Co-operation

Article 19 - Handling of Biotechnology and Distribution of Its Benefits

Article 20 - Financial Resources

Article 21 - Financial Mechanism

Article 22 - Relationship with Other International Conventions

Article 23 - Conference of the Parties

Article 24 - Secretariat

Article 25 - Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice

Article 26 - Reports

Article 27 - Settlement of Disputes

Article 28 - Adoption of Protocols

Article 29 - Amendment of the Convention or Protocols

Article 30 - Adoption and Amendment of Annexes

Article 31 - Right to Vote

Article 32 - Relationship between this Convention and Its Protocols

Article 33 - Signature

Article 34 - Ratification, Acceptance or Approval

Article 35 - Accession

Article 36 - Entry into Force

Article 37 - Reservations

Article 38 - Withdrawals

Article 39 - Financial Interim Arrangements

Article 40 - Secretariat Interim Arrangements

Article 41 - Depositary

Article 42 - Authentic Texts

Annex I - Identification And Monitoring

Annex II

Part 1 - Arbitration

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

Article 12

Article 13

Article 14

Article 15

Article 16

Article 17

Part 2 - Conciliation

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6


SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention On Biological Diversity (1992)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

Convention On Biological Diversity (1992)


The Contracting Parties,

Conscious of the intrinsic value of biological diversity and of the ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components,

Conscious also of the importance of biological diversity for evolution and for maintaining life sustaining systems of the biosphere,

Affirming that the conservation of biological diversity is a common concern of humankind,

Reaffirming that States have sovereign rights over their own biological resources,

Reaffirming also that States are responsible for conserving their biological diversity and for using their biological resources in a sustainable manner,

Concerned that biological diversity is being significantly reduced by certain human activities,

Aware of the general lack of information and knowledge regarding biological diversity and of the urgent need to develop scientific, technical and institutional capacities to provide the basic understanding upon which to plan and implement appropriate measures,

Noting that it is vital to anticipate, prevent and attack the causes of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity at source,

Noting also that where there is a threat of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity, lack of the full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to avoid or minimize such a threat,

Noting further that the fundamental requirement for the conservation of biological diversity is the in-situ conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable populations of species in their natural surroundings,

Noting further that ex-situ measures, preferably in the country of origin, also have an important role to play,

Recognizing the close and traditional dependence of many indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles on biological resources, and the desirability of sharing equitably benefits arising from the use of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices relevant to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components,

Recognizing also the vital role that women play in the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and affirming the need for the full participation of women at all levels of policy-making and implementation for biological diversity conservation,.Stressing the importance of, and the need to promote, international, regional and global co-operation among States and intergovernmental organizations and the non-governmental sector for the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components,

Acknowledging that the provision of new and additional financial resources and appropriate access to relevant technologies can be expected to make a substantial difference in the world's ability to address the loss of biological diversity,

Acknowledging further that special provision is required to meet the needs of developing countries, including the provision of new and additional financial resources and appropriate access to relevant technologies,

Noting in this regard the special conditions of the least developed countries and small island States,

Acknowledging that substantial investments are required to conserve biological diversity and that there is the expectation of a broad range of environmental, economic and social benefits from those investments,

Recognizing that economic and social development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of developing countries,

Aware that conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity is of critical importance for meeting the food, health and other needs of the growing world population, for which purpose access to and sharing of both genetic resources and technologies are essential,

Noting that, ultimately, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity will strengthen friendly relations among States and contribute to peace for humankind,

Desiring to enhance and complement existing international arrangements for the conservation of biological diversity and sustainable use of its components, and

Determined to conserve and sustainably use biological diversity for the benefit of present and future generations,

Have agreed as follows:

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