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LCIA Arbitration Rules
(adopted to take effect from 1 January 1998, that is, for arbitrations commencing on or after 1 January 1998)


Article 1 - The Request for Arbitration

Article 2 - The Response

Article 3 - The LCIA Court and Registrar

Article 4 - Notices and Periods of Time

Article 5 - Formation of the Arbitral Tribunal

Article 6 - Nationality of Arbitrators

Article 7 - Party and Other Nominations

Article 8 - Three or More Parties

Article 9 - Expedited Formation

Article 10 - Revocation of Arbitrator's Appointment

Article 11 - Nomination and Replacement of Arbitrators

Article 12 - Majority Power to Continue Proceedings

Article 13 - Communications between Parties and the Arbitral Tribunal

Article 14 - Conduct of the Proceedings

Article 15 - Submission of Written Statements and Documents

Article 16 - Seat of Arbitration and Place of Hearings

Article 17 - Language of Arbitration

Article 18 - Party Representation

Article 19 - Hearings

Article 20 - Witnesses

Article 21 - Experts to the Arbitral Tribunal

Article 22 - Additional Powers of the Arbitral Tribunal

Article 23 - Jurisdiction of the Arbitral Tribunal

Article 24 - Deposits

Article 25 - Interim and Conservatory Measures

Article 26 - The Award

Article 27 - Correction of Awards and Additional Awards

Article 28 - Arbitration and Legal Costs

Article 29 - Decisions by the LCIA Court

Article 30 - Confidentiality

Article 32 - General Rules

Article 31 - Exclusion of Liability

Recommended Arbitration Clauses

Future Disputes

Existing Disputes




SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

LCIA Arbitration Rules - (adopted to take effect from 1 January 1998)

London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

LCIA Arbitration Rules
(adopted to take effect from 1 January 1998, that is, for arbitrations commencing on or after 1 January 1998)

Article 22 - Additional Powers of the Arbitral Tribunal

22.1 Unless the parties at anytime agree otherwise in writing, the Arbitral Tribunal shall have the power, on the application of any party or of its own motion, but in either case only after giving the parties a reasonable opportunity to state their views:

(a) to allow any party, upon such terms (as to costs and otherwise) as it shall determine, to amend any claim, counterclaim, defence and reply;

(b) to extend or abbreviate any time-limit provided by the Arbitration Agreement or these Rules for the conduct of the arbitration or by the Arbitral Tribunal's own orders:

(c) to conduct such enquiries as may appear to the Arbitral Tribunal to be necessary or expedient, including whether and to what extent the Arbitral Tribunal should itself take the initiative in identifying the issues and ascertaining the relevant facts and the law(s) or rules of law applicable to the arbitration, the merits of the parties' dispute and the Arbitration Agreement;

(d) to order any party to make any property, site or thing under its control and relating to the subject matter of the arbitration available for inspection by the Arbitral Tribunal, any other party, its expert or any expert to the Arbitral Tribunal;

(e) to order any party to produce to the Arbitral Tribunal, and to the other parties for inspection, and to supply copies of, any documents or classes of documents in their possession, custody or power which the Arbitral Tribunal determines to be relevant;

(f) to decide whether or not to apply any strict rules of evidence (or any other rules) as to the admissibility, relevance or weight of any material tendered by a party on any matter of fact or expert opinion: and to determine the time, manner and form in which such material should be exchanged between the parties and presented to the Arbitral Tribunal;

(g) to order the correction of any contract between the parties or the Arbitration Agreement, but only to the extent required to rectify any mistake which the Arbitral Tribunal determines to be common to the parties and then only if and to the extent to which the law(s) or rules of law applicable to the contract or Arbitration Agreement permit such correction; and

(h) to allow, only upon the application of a party, one or more third persons to be joined in the arbitration as a party, provided any such third person and the applicant party have consented thereto in writing, and thereafter to make a single final award, or separate awards, in respect of all parties so implicated in the arbitration.

22.2 By agreeing to arbitration under these Rules, the parties shall be treated as having agreed not to apply to any state court or other judicial authority for any order available from the Arbitral Tribunal under Article 22.1, except with the agreement in writing of all parties.

22.3 The Arbitral Tribunal shall decide the parties' dispute in accordance with the law(s) or rules of law chosen by the parties as applicable to the merits of their dispute. If and to the extent that the Arbitral Tribunal determines that the parties have made no such choice, the Arbitral Tribunal shall apply the law(s) or rules of law which it considers appropriate.

22.4 The Arbitral Tribunal shall only apply to the merits of the dispute principles deriving from "ex aequo et bono", "amiable composition" or "honourable engagement" where the parties have so agreed expressly in writing.

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( International Trade/Commercial Law & e-Commerce Monitor )

W3 since October 3 1993
1993 - 2010

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hosted by The University of Oslo, Norway, since 1998
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Ralph Amissah

Lex Mercatoria