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UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules (1976) (Adopted by the General Assembly on December 15, 1976)


SECTION 1 - Introductory Rules

Article 1 - Scope of application

Article 2 - Notice, calculation periods of time

Article 3 - Notice of arbitration

Article 4 - Representation and assistance


Article 5 - Number of arbitrators

Articles (6 to 8) - Appointment of arbitrators

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Articles (9 to 12) - Challenges of arbitrators

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

Article 12

Article 13 - Replacement of an arbitrator

Article 14 - Repetition of hearings in the event of the replacement of an arbitrator


Article 15 - General provisions

Article 16 - Place of arbitration

Article 17 - Language

Article 18 - Statement of claim

Article 19 - Statement of defence

Article 20 - Amendments to the claim or defence

Article 21 - Pleas as to the jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal

Article 22 - Further written statements

Article 23 - Periods of time

Articles (24 and 25) - Evidence and hearings

Article 24

Article 25

Article 26 - Interim measures of protection

Article 27 - Experts

Article 28 - Default

Article 29 - Closure of hearings

Article 30


Article 31 - Decisions

Article 32 - Form and effect of the award

Article 33 - Applicable law, amiable compositeur

Article 34

Article 35 - Interpretation of the award

Article 36 - Correction of the award

Article 37 - Additional award

Articles (38 to 40) - Cost

Article 38

Article 39

Article 40

Article 41 - Deposit of costs

Model Arbitration Clause or Separate Arbitration Agreement


SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules (1976)

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria


Articles (38 to 40) - Cost

Article 39

1. The fees of the arbitral tribunal shall be reasonable in amount, taking into account the amount in dispute, the complexity of the subject-matter, the time spent by the arbitrators and any other relevant circumstances of the case.

2. If an appointing authority has been agreed upon by the parties or designated by the Secretary-General of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, and if that authority has issued a schedule of fees for arbitrators in international cases which it administers, the arbitral tribunal in fixing its fees shall take that schedule of fees into account to the extent that it considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.

3. If such appointing authority has not issued a schedule of fees for arbitrators in international cases, any party may at any time request the appointing authority to furnish a statement setting forth the basis for establishing fees which is customarily followed in international cases in which the authority appoints arbitrators. If the appointing authority consents to provide such a statement, the arbitral tribunal in fixing its fees shall take such information into account to the extent that it considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.

4. In cases referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3, when a party so requests and the appointing authority consents to perform the function, the arbitral tribunal shall fix its fees only after consultation with the appointing authority which may make any comment it deems appropriate to the arbitral tribunal concerning the fees.

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