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Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) (Geneva, 19 May 1956)



Chapter 1 - Scope of Application

Article 1

Article 2

Chapter II - Persons for whom the Carrier is Responsible

Article 3

Chapter III - Conclusion and Performance of the Contract of Carriage

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Article 9

Article 10

Article 11

Article 12

Article 13

Article 14

Article 15

Article 16

Chapter IV - Liability of the Carrier

Article 17

Article 18

Article 19

Article 20

Article 21

Article 22

Article 23

Article 24

Article 25

Article 26

Article 27

Article 28

Article 29

Chapter V - Claims and Actions

Article 30

Article 31

Article 32

Article 33

Chapter VI - Provisions Relating to Carriage Performed by Successive Carriers

Article 34

Article 35

Article 36

Article 37

Article 38

Article 39

Article 40

Chapter VII - Nullity of Stipulation to the Convention

Article 41

Chapter VIII - Final Provisions

Article 42

Article 43

Article 44

Article 45

Article 46

Article 47

Article 48

Article 49

Article 50

Article 51


SiSU Metadata, document information


SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) - (Geneva, 19 May 1956)

United Nations (UN)

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) (Geneva, 19 May 1956)


Chapter IV - Liability of the Carrier

Article 17

1. The carrier shall be liable for the total or partial loss of the goods and for damage thereto occurring between the time when he takes over the goods and the time of delivery, as well as for any delay in delivery.

2. The carrier shall, however, be relieved of liability if the loss, damage or delay was caused by the wrongful act or neglect of the claimant, by the instructions of the claimant given otherwise than as the result of a wrongful act or neglect on the part of the carrier, by inherent vice of the goods or through circumstances which the carrier could not avoid and the consequences of which he was unable to prevent.

3. The carrier shall not be relieved of liability by reason of the defective condition of the vehicle used by him in order to perform the carriage, or by reason of the wrongful act or neglect of the person from whom he may have hired the vehicle or of the agents or servants of the latter.

4. Subject to article 18, paragraphs 2 to 5, the carrier shall be relieved of liability when the loss or damage arises from the special risks inherent in one more of the following circumstances:

(a) Use of open unsheeted vehicles, when their use has been expressly agreed and specified in the consignment note;

(b) The lack of, or defective condition of packing in the case of goods which, by their nature, are liable to wastage or to be damaged when not packed or when not properly packed;

(c) Handling, loading, stowage or unloading of the goods by the sender, the consignee or person acting on behalf of the sender or the consignee;

(d) The nature of certain kinds of goods which particularly exposes them to total or partial loss or to damage, especially through breakage, rust, decay, desiccation, leakage, normal wastage, or the action of moth or vermin;

(f) Insufficiency or inadequacy of marks or numbers on the packages;

(g) The carriage of livestock.

5. Where under this article the carrier is not under any liability in respect some of the factors causing the loss, damage or delay, he shall only be liable the extent that those factors for which he is liable under this article have contributed to the loss, damage or delay.

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