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WTO/GATT Ministerial Declaration on the Uruguay Round (Declaration of 20 September 1986)

[Preamble]

PART I NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN GOODS

[Preamble]

A. OBJECTIVES

B. GENERAL PRINCIPLES GOVERNING NEGOTIATIONS

C. STANDSTILL AND ROLLBACK

Standstill
Rollback
Surveillance of standstill and rollback

D. SUBJECTS FOR NEGOTIATION

Tariffs
Non-tariff measures
Tropical products
Natural resource-based products
Textiles and clothing
Agriculture
GATT Articles
Safeguards
MTN Agreements and Arrangements
Subsidies and countervailing measures
Dispute settlement
Trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights, including trade in counterfeit goods
Trade-related investment measures

E. FUNCTIONING OF THE GATT SYSTEM

F. PARTICIPATION

G. ORGANIZATION OF THE NEGOTIATIONS

PART II NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN SERVICES

[Preamble to Part II]

IMPLEMENTATION OF RESULTS UNDER PARTS I AND II

Endnotes

Endnotes

Metadata

SiSU Metadata, document information

Manifest

SiSU Manifest, alternative outputs etc.

WTO/GATT Ministerial Declaration on the Uruguay Round (Declaration of 20 September 1986)

World Trade Organization

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

WTO/GATT Ministerial Declaration on the Uruguay Round (Declaration of 20 September 1986)

PART I NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN GOODS

B. GENERAL PRINCIPLES GOVERNING NEGOTIATIONS

(i) Negotiations shall be conducted in a transparent manner, and consistent with the objectives and commitments agreed in this Declaration and with the principles of the General Agreement in order to ensure mutual advantage and increased benefits to all participants.

(ii) The launching, the conduct and the implementation of the outcome of the negotiations shall be treated as parts of a single undertaking. However, agreements reached at an early stage may be implemented on a provisional or a definitive basis by agreement prior to the formal conclusion of the negotiations. Early agreements shall be taken into account in assessing the overall balance of the negotiations.

(iii) Balanced concessions should be sought within broad trading areas and subjects to be negotiated in order to avoid unwarranted cross-sectoral demands.

(iv) The CONTRACTING PARTIES agree that the principle of differential and more favourable treatment embodied in Part IV and other relevant provisions of the General Agreement and in the Decision of the CONTRACTING PARTIES of 28 November 1979 on Differential and More Favourable Treatment, Reciprocity and Fuller Participation of Developing Countries applies to the negotiations.

In the implementation of standstill and rollback, particular care should be given to avoiding disruptive effects on the trade of less-developed contracting parties.

(v) The developed countries do not expect reciprocity for commitments made by them in trade negotiations to reduce or remove tariffs and other barriers to the trade of developing countries, i.e. the developed countries do not expect the developing countries, in the course of trade negotiations, to make contributions which are inconsistent with their individual development, financial and trade needs. Developed contracting parties shall therefore not seek, neither shall less-developed contracting parties be required to make, concessions that are inconsistent with the latter's development, financial and trade needs.

(vi) Less-developed contracting parties expect that their capacity to make contributions or negotiated concessions or take other mutually agreed action under the provisions and procedures of the General Agreement would improve with the progressive development of their economies and improvement in their trade situation and they would accordingly expect to participate more fully in the framework of rights and obligations under the General Agreement.

(vii) Special attention shall be given to the particular situation and problems of the least-developed countries and to the need to encourage positive measures to facilitate expansion of their trading opportunities. Expeditious implementation of the relevant provisions of the 1982 Ministerial Declaration concerning the least-developed countries shall also be given appropriate attention.


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