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WTO/GATT Thirty-Eighth Session at Ministerial Level Ministerial Declaration (Adopted on 29 November 1982, Geneva)

[Opening]

6. The CONTRACTING PARTIES have accordingly decided:

SAFEGUARDS

GATT RULES AND ACTIVITIES RELATING TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES

TRADE IN AGRICULTURE

TROPICAL PRODUCTS

QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS AND OTHER NON-TARIFF MEASURES

TARIFFS
MTN AGREEMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT AND TRADE POLICY
TRADE IN COUNTERFEIT GOODS
EXPORT OF DOMESTICALLY PROHIBITED GOODS
EXPORT CREDITS FOR CAPITAL GOODS
TEXTILES AND CLOTHING
PROBLEMS OF TRADE IN CERTAIN NATURAL RESOURCE PRODUCTS
EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS AND THEIR EFFECT ON TRADE
DUAL PRINCING AND RULES OF ORIGIN
SERVICES
ANNEX: GATT RULES AND ACTIVITIES RELATING TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

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WTO/GATT Thirty-Eighth Session at Ministerial Level Ministerial Declaration (Adopted on 29 November 1982, Geneva)

World Trade Organization

copy @ Lex Mercatoria

WTO/GATT Thirty-Eighth Session at Ministerial Level Ministerial Declaration (Adopted on 29 November 1982, Geneva)

TRADE IN AGRICULTURE

With the purpose of accelerating the achievement of the objectives of the General Agreement, including Part IV, and recognizing that there is an urgent need to find lasting solutions to the problems of trade in agricultural products, the CONTRACTING PARTIES decide:

1. That the following matters be examined, in the light of the objectives, principles and relevant provisions of the General Agreement and also taking into account the effects of national agricultural policies, with the purpose of making appropriate recommendations. The examination shall cover all measures affecting trade, market access and competition and supply in agricultural products, including subsidies and other forms of assistance.

(i) Trade measures affecting market access and supplies, with a view to achieving greater liberalization in the trade of agricultural products, with respect to tariffs and non-tariff measures, on a basis of overall reciprocity and mutual advantage under the General Agreement.

(ii) The operation of the General Agreement as regards subsidies affecting agriculture, especially export subsidies, with a view to examining its effectiveness, in the light of actual experience, in promoting the objectives of the General Agreement and avoiding subsidization seriously prejudicial to the trade or interests of contracting parties. Other forms of export assistance will be included in this examination.

(iii) Trade measures affecting agriculture maintained under exceptions or derogations without prejudice to the rights of contracting parties under the General Agreement.

2. That in carrying out the tasks enumerated above, full account shall be taken of the need for a balance of rights and obligations under the GATT, and of the special needs of developing countries in the light of the GATT provisions providing for differential and more favourable treatment for such contracting parties. Full account shall also be taken of specific characteristics and problems in agriculture, of the scope for improving the operation of GATT rules, provisions and disciplines and agreed interpretations of its provisions.

3. That for the purpose of carrying out this work, an improved and unified system of notifications shall be introduced so as to ensure full transparency.

4. That a Committee on Trade in Agriculture shall be established, open to all contracting parties, for the purpose of carrying out the tasks enumerated above and of making recommendations with a view to achieving greater liberalization in the trade of agricultural products. The Committee will report periodically on the results achieved and make appropriate recommendations to the Council and the CONTRACTING PARTIES for consideration not later than their 1984 Session.


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