Ayoub Tailoussane

Doctoral Research Fellow - Scandinavian Institute of Maritime Law
Image of Ayoub Tailoussane
Norwegian version of this page
Room DMV
Visiting address Karl Johans gate 47 Domus Media
Postal address Postboks 6706 St. Olavs plass 0130 Oslo

Academic interests

  • Maritime Law
  • Collision Avoidance Rules (COLREGS 1972)
  • Autonomous Ships
  • Technology, A.I. and Law
  • Linguistics and Law

I am writing about the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 (COLREGS) and its impact on the development of Navigationally-Autonomous Vessels. The main objective is to determine whether the current COLREGS’ rules, which have been shaped by the presumption of human presence on board of vessels, can endure the paradigm shift in potentially both legal thinking and seafaring practices that may be brought about by the development of modern autonomous technologies. One of the principal issues at play is the schism between the qualitative nature of Law and legislative writing, which involves varying degrees of legal indeterminacy, and the typical requirements for precise, clear, quantitative, computable rules and data in the development of computer programs and systems. If the goal is to design and develop Autonomous Navigation Systems which are capable of COLREGS-compliant collision avoidance, legal indeterminacy is a challenge which must be tackled and overcome.

The PhD research project is conducted under the umbrella of the research-based innovation center, SFI AutoShip, It aims to offer crucial insight to developers of Autonomous Navigation Systems on how the COLREGS are interpreted and construed from a legal point of view, and especially by the judicial authorities of select jurisdictions. The development of Autonomous Vessels presents us with the unique opportunity to explore topics which delve deeper into the relationship between Law and technology and how each may affect the understanding and development of the other.

The research will also serve to highlight the potential difficulties in pursuing a strict application of the current COLREGS to all or certain categories of Autonomous Vessels, thus allowing it to contribute to the discussions over possible amendments and/or redrafting of the Collision Regulations in order to facilitate the introduction of autonomous technologies.


Doctoral Research Fellow, Scandinavian Institute for Maritime Law – University of Oslo, 2021 – today

LL.M. in Admiralty & Maritime Law, Tulane University – School of Law, New Orleans – USA, 2019 – 2020

Legal Counsel, CMS Francis Lefebvre, Casablanca – Morocco, 2017 – 2019

Bachelor & Master’s degree in Private & Business Law, University Mohammed V – FSJES, Rabat – Morocco, 2012 – 2017 



Tags: Autonomous vessels


  • Tailoussane, Ayoub (2022). The role of navigation assessment and prediction in solving equivocal crossings in or at the entrance of narrow channels in light of The Alexandra I decision. MarIus. ISSN 0332-7868. 565, p. 193–245.

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  • Tailoussane, Ayoub (2022). From humans to machines – Autonomous Vessels and the application of the COLREGs.
  • Tailoussane, Ayoub (2022). Compliance with the ColRegs and predictable navigation – Some legal challenges .
  • Tailoussane, Ayoub (2022). Collision Avoidance Rules and their application to Autonomous Vessels.
  • Tailoussane, Ayoub (2022). Collision Avoidance Rules and their application to Autonomous Vessels: The role of legal dogmatics in the development of COLREGS-compliant Autonomous Vessels.

View all works in Cristin

Published July 26, 2022 12:27 PM - Last modified Oct. 11, 2022 11:42 AM


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