Revising the national renewables policy mix in Europe (Remix)

The REMIX project studies how national policies on renewable energy shape the EU policy and vice versa. Based on these findings, REMIX will develop scenarios for future developments in European renewable policies, to inform Nordic investors’ decisions on strategy and investments.

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About the project

REMIX is primarily a political science project with a significant legal component, and will also draw on inputs from economists as well as practitioners. The project is led by Elin Lerum Boasson, senior researcher at CICERO and associate professor at the University of Oslo, Department of Political Science. The Project started in 2015 and will end in 2018.


The primary objective of this knowledge-building project is to provide Nordic energy actors with a better foresight in the European renewable energy policy mix.

The contribution of the Faculty of Law is to give input on the legal regime for state aids to the renewable energy sector and related EU policies:

  • Legal force, interpretation and practice of the EU state aid guidelines for environmental protection and energy (EEAG) (2014-2020).
  • Application of the EEAG - The Environmental and Energy State Aid Guidelines - to the generation of adequacy mechanisms.
  • The French policy mix case.


The growth in renewable energy generation and use witnessed in recent years has mainly been driven by subsidies and charges, with tight interactions with other transversal instruments such as emissions trading. Establishing a well-functioning EU policy mix that can shape national renewable energy deployment has become increasingly urgent. There is a need to review incentive policies and instruments to stimulate renewables. One key parameter is the application of the EU state aid regime to those instruments and its effect on energy policy mix in the Member States.

The outcome of the EU 2030 climate and energy package discussions and EU state-aid practice and case law will influence renewable energy growth rates, the balance between intermittent and stable base-load energy production, and the energy security situation of most EU and EEA countries.


The project is financed by the Norwegian Research Fund (NFR), programme ENERGIX.  It also receives support from Energi Norge, Energimyndigheten (Sweden), Norges Vassdrags and Energidirektorat (NVE), Statkraft and Statnett.


The reserach group is composed of researchers from CICERO, the Faculty of Law and the Department of Political Science at the University of Oslo, Freie Universität Berlin, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, THEMA Consulting, the University of Stockholm and Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Published May 31, 2016 11:54 AM - Last modified Feb. 14, 2020 10:31 AM