Midtveisevaluering: Arctic coastal states HSE regimes for offshore petroleum operations
Stipendiat Irina Fodchenko ved Nordisk institutt for sjørett presenterer sitt doktorgradsprosjekt.
Kommentator: Professor Tina Hunter, University of Aberdeen
Midtveisevalueringen ledes av Professor Trine-Lise Wilhelmsen
Hovedveileder: Professor Erik Røsæg
Biveileder: Professor Ola Mestad.
For disposisjon og tekstutkast, kontakt Irina Fodchenko.
Arctic coastal states HSE (Health, Safety, Environmental) regimes for offshore petroleum operations - A comparative critical analysis of the Russian and Norwegian governmental and regulatory framework
A number of serious offshore accidents with large human, material or environmental losses in several jurisdictions over the last years has reshaped the HSE regulation in many petroleumproducing countries and triggered major concerns about the possible effects should such an event occur in the vulnerable Arctic environment.
The objective of my research is to identify, analyze and assess relevant international and national legislation in the field of HSE regulation for offshore petroleum operations and, hence, to provide, if needed, the legal tools for optimizing HSE in the Arctic. The research is primarily directed at HSE regimes for offshore petroleum operations as such, independently of jurisdiction. However, for practical purposes, two major-oil producing countries, - Norway and Russia,- were selected as a basis for comparative critical analysis.
After a brief review of HSE background and relevant international legislation, the main section of the thesis is structured to cover the similarities and differences that are inherent in both countries.
While Norway applies a performance-based approach with some prescriptive supplements such as guidelines and recommended standards, Russia almost exclusively relies on prescriptive approach. The countries differ further in their allocation of regulatory responsibility and organizational structure in relation to the HSE administrative and institutional arrangements.
Before launching into the detailed comparative analysis of occupational safety, industrial safety, security and environmental safety legislation, the thesis provides an overview of the «HSE lifecycle» in order to identify which HSE requirements apply to each phase of petroleum activities in both countries. From a theoretical perspective, many of the differences identified in the research may appear minor at first glance. However, in potential joint petroleum activities in the Barents Sea they can constitute significant obstacles to an efficient offshore development. Therefore, the thesis analyzes some HSE challenges of transboundary projects and their possible implications.
The theme for my mid-way evaluation is the overall structure and direction of the thesis.