Call for papers: International Courts and Domestic Politics
Conference at iCourts, University of Copenhagen, 11-12 September 2014.
Deadline for paper submission: 1 March 2014.
Danish Parliament. Source: Colourbox.
Organisers: PluriCourts coordinator Marlene Wind and Johan Karlsson Schaffer (Norwegian Centre for Human Rights).
Since the establishment of the first permanent international court in 1922, states have created more than 25 international judicial bodies. The trend toward international judicialization has accelerated after the end of the Cold War. States have established a cascade of international courts and tribunals, the mandates of which go well beyond peace and arbitration to cover issues as diverse as human rights, international criminal law, trade and investment. And new courts are being called for in issue-areas where they do not yet exist, such as the regulation of climate change or transnational corporate wrongdoing. Moreover, in some areas, courts have arguably managed to expand their authority beyond their original mandates, and engage not only in adjudicating, interpreting and monitoring international treaty compliance, but increasingly contribute to the making of international law.
This development suggests a number of challenging research puzzles, especially as international courts impact on domestic political orders.
- How do governments, parliaments, national courts, bureaucracies and other sub-state actors and institutions interact with the new authority of international courts?
- Under which conditions do they become effective nationally?
- And why have states decided to establish these international courts in the first place?
- Moreover, how do domestic agents resist, adapt to, or utilize international judicial institutions?
- How does this new and expanding international judiciary impact on established national constitutional democratic orders?
- And what role do international courts play in sustaining and developing the global order - and how does this role affect politics and society at large?