At the last day of COP25 in Madrid, the Parties to the Paris Agreement elected the members of the Agreement´s Committee to Facilitate Implementation and Promote Compliance (“Compliance Committee”), established under Article 15.
PluriCourts coordinator Prof. Dr. Christina Voigt was unanimously elected and will serve as a committee member in her individual, expert capacity. At PluriCourts, Prof. Voigt coordinates the research on the role and value of non-compliance mechanisms.
The Compliance Committee is an important institutional building block of the Paris Agreement. It is tasked to address situations of non-compliance of Parties with their legally-binding obligations under the Agreement. It will also function as a back-stop to the transparency framework, where Parties do not provide their reports consistent with adopted guidance. Compliance of parties with their obligations is crucially important for the effective functioning of the Paris Agreement, as well as for the legitimacy of Parties´ actions and for creating and retaining trust - especially in times of pressing scientific evidence, but waning political willingness in some states.
During 2020, the committee will develop its Rules of Procedure to be adopted by the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement in Glasgow, in November 2020.