PluriCourts Research Conference on Compliance Mechanisms
On 27-28 October, PluriCourts hosted a two-day research conference on compliance mechanisms: “International Courts versus Compliance Mechanisms: Comparative advantages of non-compliance mechanisms and complaint procedures.”
Many international treaties establish “in-house” mechanisms to facilitate implementation and promote compliance of parties. Some treaty regimes have particular complaints procedures and dispute resolution bodies to hear complaints by parties, private entities or affected non-party stakeholder, such as individuals and communities. Other have facilitative committees that aim to help parties to overcome implementation or compliance challenges.
On this backdrop, scholars and practitioners where invited to discuss whether and why in some circumstances the use of more informal NCMs might be more effective to bring states into compliance with their treaty obligations or address situations of non-compliance than the recourse to international courts and tribunals for breach of a treaty; how NCMs and other means of dispute resolution, such as international courts, relate to each other; and what their comparative advantages and disadvantages are.
The conference gathered about 40 participants over two days, whom all contributed to facilitate long, engaging discussions across different legal disciplines and some elements of political science. As the conference were arranged as a hybrid solution, the participants were well spread all over the world with a good balance of gender, career status, geography and legal background. About 10 participants were physically present in Oslo and the rest online.
The great contributions from presenters and following discussions have all provided to a book project, which will ultimately culminate in a book publication in PluriCourts’ own book series at Cambridge University Press, “Cambridge Studies on International Courts and Tribunals”, due in 2022. The editors are Professor Christina Voigt and Professor Caroline Foster.