Gender imbalance on the international bench: is normative legitimacy at stake
From the introduction:
As norms of state sovereignty have evolved in an increasingly globalized world, international courts and tribunals have proliferated and expanded the scope of their authority. Some observers hail these developments as moral progress, representing the ascendancy of the rule of law rather than power politics in international relations. At the same time, the growing number of ICs, and their expanded scope and power, have triggered extensive critiques and political resistance against them. Many critics of ICs argue that their increasing authority disempowers democracy at the state level. Some ICs, such as the International Criminal Court, have been accused of perpetuating colonialist global power politics. These and other challenges to the legitimacy of ICs must be understood in light of the background reality that they, like domestic courts, lack their own enforcement mechanisms, and must therefore instead “create indirect costs for political actors inclined to ignore them.”
The article is available on the webpage of Journal of Social Philosophy.