Deference by International Courts and Tribunals

Book project by Geir Ulfstein to be published in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law. 

International courts and tribunals (ICs) have responded to criticism by increasingly seeing themselves as having a dual role: not only fulfilling their international function in interpreting and applying international law as part of dispute settlement procedures, but also taking account of decision-making in national legal systems, i.e. by showing deference to such decision-making. The increasing use of deference by ICs in relation to national decision-making is the topic of this book.

Published Aug. 23, 2022 9:20 AM - Last modified Aug. 23, 2022 12:53 PM