More on Research Theme 3: Independence and Accountability
International Courts (ICs) must enjoy considerable independence to settle disputes and develop the law by legal means. PluriCourts explores several aspects of international courts’ checks and balances and the delegation problems that arise. It studies how appointment processes affect the composition of ICs and judicial behavior in the different ICs. Further legitimacy concerns include transparency, including amicus curiae by NGOs, the use of witness and expert evidence, and victim participation in international criminal cases. PluriCourts also scrutinizes ICs’ internal practices, the role of IC secretariats, as well as the methods of interpretation used and professional standards used by ICs.