UN Police Cooperation
NCHR cooperates with the UN Department of Peace Operations to draft a manual providing advice for UN police peacekeepers on advanced methods of investigative interviewing.
Group photo from Inaugural Meeting of the Doctrine Development Group in Oslo 9-11 January. (Photo: Cathrine Kullgreen/UiO).
The initiative is pursued in the context of the Police Division’s ongoing work on the Strategic Guidance Framework for International Police Peacekeeping (SGF). As part of the SGF, pillar four on “Police Operations”, UNPOL has requested assistance from NCHR to develop a manual on police investigations and questioning of victims, witnesses and suspects.
The manual is also intended for supporting and training host-State police and other law enforcement counterparts. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) cooperates actively with UNPOL in this effort.
Every day, more than 11,000 United Nations police officers from 88 countries foster international peace and security by supporting countries in conflict, post-conflict and crisis situations. The SGF will provide comprehensive training materials, tools and resources as the basis for training thousands of new UNPOL recruits for years to come.
Inaugural meeting of the Doctrinal Development Group in Oslo
The Police Division, Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, UN Department of Peace Operations will task a Doctrinal Development Group (DDG) to develop a manual that meets appropriate international standards. The DDG will consist of geographically representative experts and practitioners and NCHR will act as a secretariat for developing the manual.
In preparing for the inaugural meeting of the DDG, which took place in Oslo 9-11 January 2020, the UN Police Division collected police and/or guidance documents on investigative interviewing and the relevant safeguards developed by individual Member States or groups of Member States. These examples of good practice informed the discussions in Oslo and will be fed into the guidance development process at a later stage.
The manual will follow the perspective of Investigative interviewing, a non-coercive, research-based, human rights compliant and effective method for interviewing victims, witnesses, and suspects. It provides police and intelligence officers with reliable, accurate and actionable information. In criminal investigations it contributes to retrive evidence that stand the test of trial. In addition, long-term positive effects include de-escalation of violence; improved background intelligence; trust building between law enforcement and citizens; and in turn enhanced state legitimacy. All of the abovementioned points are highly relevant to UNPOL missions where officers operate within a fragile environment often characterised by widespread human rights violations, in which authority, power and rules for social interaction are fluid.