This working paper reviews the available literature on the factors shaping peace agreement implementation (PAI). The main difficulty for peace implementations is translating words into action to transform societies that have experienced armed conflict. Throughout this literature review the paper analyzes the main factors or variables involved in peace implementations using a variety of sources and examples to illustrate the challenges. It begins by presenting several definitions, characteristics, and effects of PAI; then it analyzes the main factors or variables involved in successful peace implementation. The paper provides a general overview of these factors that will allow scholars to have a broad sense of the most important debates within the literature. This working paper can serve scholars as well as practitioners as a departure point for further research on factors that influence PAI.
Angelika Rettberg is a Professor at the Political Science Department, Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá – Colombia) and Global Fellow at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Federico Dupont is a Research Assistant at the Political Science Department, Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia).