Topp 3 humanitære utfordringer på verdens humanitære dag
Syria, den humanitære situasjon i flyktningleire og vårt forhold til menneskelig lidelse: SMRs Anna Andersson forklarer de tre største humanitære utfordringene vi står overfor. Les saken på engelsk her.
1. The conflict in Syria
The flagrant violations of international humanitarian law by several parties to the armed conflict in Syria are the causes of the most pressing humanitarian crisis and suffering at the moment.
Violations include indiscriminate attacks against the civilian population, hospitals and other special protected objects, as well as use of prohibited weapons and systematic use of torture. The number of casualties and destruction is enormous.
At the same time, humanitarian assistance is denied access to many areas which suffer from lack of food and medical supplies in addition to the shelling. The UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Syria Staffan Mistura said yesterday that in the past month not a single humanitarian convoy has reached the besieged areas.
2. The situation in refugee camps
The high number of refugees in the world is a humanitarian crisis in itself.
Additionally, security, food, shelter and sanitarian conditions are poor in several largescale refugee camps in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East.
Due to prolonged conflicts, unstable political situations in some countries and restrictive migration policies in other countries, the prospects for many refugees in these camps of returning to their homes or start a new life in a safe country is small. This causes fear and frustration, and a heavy pressure on security in the camps. Some groups are extra vulnerable, and women and children are at particular risk of being subjected to sexual violence.
3. Our attitude towards human suffering
While not a humanitarian crisis in itself, mankind is facing a challenge to collectively and individually defend principles of human dignity, non-violence and non-discrimination in regard to the ongoing humanitarian crises.
This is of course always a challenge but in contemporary debates and policies there seem to be a risk that we in the safer parts of the world distance ourselves from humanitarian suffering.
That we allow fear to ride our responses to the crises or that we fail to respond also to other human rights violations, conflicts and crises taking place in the shadow of the larger crises or more unexpected events.